Chapter 1 Living a Healthy Life What do you want to look like in 5 years? What do you want to look like in 5 years? What do you want to be able to do?
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Chapter 1 Living a Healthy LifeWhat do you want to look like in 5 years? What do you want to be able to do? What type of friends will you have? What will be your favorite activities? What are you passionate about? What are you willing to practice everyday?
Are you healthy?Lesson 1:The Importance of good healthHow are you?
Health-combination of physical, mental/emotional and social well-being.
Not an absolute state
Be the best you can be at a given time.
The choices you make today will affect the consequences of tomorrow.
Health ContinuumHealth is dynamic-subject to constant changeHealth is on a continuumChange may occur suddenly or gradually.Wellness-a balanced lifeOverall state of well-being or total health Requires ongoing commitment to achieve wellness
Promoting Your HealthLifestyle FactorsHabits affect overall health, happiness or longevity
Habits or lifestyle factors include
Getting 8-10 hours of sleep each night
Other health habits-p.6
Wellness and PreventionPrevention-practicing health and safety habits to remain free of disease and injury
Example-wearing a seatbelt
The Importance of Health EducationProviding accurate information
Healthy People 2010-a nationwide health promotion and disease prevention plan designed to serve as a guide for improving the health of all people in the US. (located in back of textbook)
Studies show that as people become more educated, the general health of a population improves.
Individuals, families and communities can help in promoting health.
Becoming Health LiterateA persons capacity to learn about and understand basic health information and servicesUse these resources to promote his or her health and wellness
To become health literate Be a critical thinker and problem solver Evaluate health information to make a responsible decisionPromote health in the communityChoose safe and legal behaviorsYour family would approve these decisionsBe a self-directed learnerAccess reliable health informationBe an effective communicatorExpress health information in a variety of ways
Lesson 2: Promoting a Healthy LifestyleYour Health Triangle
Elements of health are interconnected.
Balance the elements
Another element that some researchers believe in is spiritual health.
Physical HealthHow well your body functions.
Getting adequate sleep, eating nutritious meals, drinking enough water, being physically active on a regular basis.
Good hygiene, regular medical and dental checkups
Avoiding harmful drugs and substances in your body.
Mental / Emotional healthFeelings about yourself, meeting demands of daily life and ability to process information.Enjoy challenges, learning new things, views mistakes as opportunities to grow.Accept responsibility for actions and stand up for their beliefs and values.Usually deal with frustration, avoid dwelling on the negative.Use positive thoughts and actions to move forward.
Social HealthInvolves the way you get along with others.
Ability to make friends.
Play in cooperative ways.
Showing respect and care for yourself and others.
Keeping a BalanceEach side of the health triangle is equally important.
When something happens in your daily life, how does it affect each of the components or sides of the health triangle?
Influences on Your HealthHeredityThe traits that are biologically passed on to your from your parents.
Physical traits such as eye color
Inheriting genes that put you at risk for certain illnesses such as diabetes
Genes that strengthen your resistance to disease.
Environment (sum of your surroundings)Physical EnvironmentSafe environment-enjoys good physical, mental emotional, social health.High crime area-concern for safetyHigh pollutionSocial EnvironmentSupportive homePeers who believe in good healthSADD group at CHS
Culture(the collective beliefs, customs and behaviors of a group)This may be an ethnic group, a community, a nation or a specific part of the world.
Understanding culture can help you get to know others better and understand where they are coming from.
AttitudeBeing healthy is a lifestyle choice.The way you view a situation, affects the choices you make.
Do you see the situation in a positive or negative way?
BehaviorYou have a great deal of control over your behavior.
Decide what health habits you will choose.
Influences the elements of health.
MediaExamples-Plays a powerful role in shaping public opinion.Not all health messages and sources are reliable.Professional health organizations such as American Medical Association or American Heart Association or American Red Cross.
TechnologyMedical screenings, treatments for diseases, and cleanliness are positivePeople driving instead of walking or watching TV are not positive.
Lesson 3: Your Behavior and Reducing Health RisksChoices you make during adolescence can affect your health for the rest of your life
What activities do you do every day that put your health at risk?
I Understanding Health Risks Become responsible for your health. Increase your awareness of risk behaviors.Examine your current behaviors and make necessary changes.
Recognizing Risk BehaviorsThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other public health agencies routinely survey teens on health behaviors. Look at chart on page 18.Categories:Behaviors that may contribute to intentional/unintentional injuries.Tobacco useAlcohol and other drug useSexual behaviors that contribute to unplanned pregnancy, HIV, STIs.Unhealthy dietary behaviorsPhysical inactivity
Cumulative Risks and ConsequencesCumulative Risks-Risk behaviors that add up over time.
Increase in effect with each added risk. (Accumulate)
Ex. Smoking and eating high fat meals
Combinations of risk behaviors-Ex. Driving too fast, not wearing a seatbelt, driving in bad weather.
Abstaining from Risk BehaviorsAbstinence-What does it mean?Abstaining from Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other DrugsAvoid many negative consequences such as addiction, death, isolation from family and friends, legal consequences.Abstaining from Sexual ActivityNever worry about unplanned pregnancy.Not face single parenting in this case.Not caring for a child.STI;s or HIV infectionEmotional problems of guilt, regret and rejectionFocus on other prioritiesWork on relationships without worry of the above.
Chapter 2 Building Health Skills and Character
Lesson 1: Building Health SkillsHealth Skills or life skills are specific tools and strategies that help you maintain, protect, and improve all aspects of your health.
One trait of a health-literate individual is to have effective communication skills..
Involves good listening skills.
Interpersonal communication is the exchange of thoughts, feelings and beliefs between two or more people.
. Effective communication includes:Clearly say what you mean.Pay attention to how you say something.Be a good listener.
Refusal SkillsThis means communication strategies that can help you say no when you are urged to take part in behaviors that are unsafe or unhealthful, or that go against your values.Say no in a firm voice.Explain why.Suggest alternatives.Use appropriate body language.Leave if necessary.
Conflict Resolution SkillsThe process of ending a conflict through cooperation and problem solving.
Take time, calm down, think.
Discuss conflict calmly and listen attentively.
Use a respectful tone of voice, brainstorm solutions. Work to resolve the conflict.
. Self-Management SkillsPracticing Healthful Behaviors
Choices you make today affect your future.
Choices about eating, fitness, expressing feelings, healthy relationships are examples.
Managing StressLearn ways to deal with or overcome negative effects of stress.
Analyzing InfluencesInternal Influences knowledge, values, likes, dislikes and desires. You have a great deal of control over these.
External Influences family, friends, peers, environment, culture, laws and media.
Accessing InformationLearn how to find and recognize reliable and trustworthy sources of information.
These include:Parents, guardians and trusted adults.Library resources such as encyclopedias and non-fiction resources.Reliable internet sites such as those posted by government and educational institutions.Newspaper and magazine articles by health professionals.Health care providers, government agencies
AdvocacyTaking action to influence others to address a health-related concern or to support a health-related belief.SADD group at school
Lesson 2 Chapter 2 Making Responsible Decisions and Setting GoalsWhen you make decisions or set goals, you are exercising power over how healthy, happy and productive you can be.
The Decision-Making ProcessThese are steps that enable you to make a healthy decision.Steps in the process:State the situation.List the options.Weigh the possible outcomes.H (Healthful) Health risks?E (Ethical) Yours and parent beliefs?L(Legal) Violation of laws?P(Parent Approval) Would parents approve your choice?Consider ValuesMake a decision and act on it.Evaluate the decision.
Setting Personal Health GoalsSetting goals can help you change your life in positive ways by focusing your energy on behaviors you want to change or to develop.Types of GoalsShort-TermFinishing a project by Friday.Long-TermImproving grades by end of quarter.
Achieving Your GoalsSet a specific, realistic goal, and write it down.List the steps you will take to reach your goal.Identify sources of help and support.Set a reasonable time frame for reaching your goal.Evaluate your progress by establishing checkpoints.Reward yourself for achieving your goal.
Lesson 3: Chapter 2: Building CharacterIt is important to consider and act on your most important beliefs and values when making a decision. Values shape your priorities, and help you distinguish right from wrong. Values are also traits of good character.Character can be defined as those distinctive qualities that describe how a person thinks, feels and behaves.
What is Good Character?An outward expression of inner values.
The person demonstrates core ethical values such as: responsibility, honesty, integrity and respect.
Character and Good HealthDeveloping good character enhances each side of the health triangle.
If you view yourself with respect and value your physical health, youre more likely to take care of your body and eat nutritiously.
When you act with responsibility and fairness, both your mental/emotional and social health will improve.
When you feel good about yourself, your relationships with others are strengthened..
Traits of Good Character Trustworthiness Respect Responsibility Fairness Caring Citizenship
Developing Your CharacterTo take a more active role in your character development:
Stand up for your beliefs.
Learn from people who demonstrate good character traits.
Join volunteer groups. Form friendships with people who exhibit core ethical values.
Positive Role ModelsWho inspires you?
Who supports your goals and promotes your health and the health of your family?
Who encourages you, works hard, stays focused plans ahead, is honest and demonstrates healthy behavior?
Demonstrating CharacterMake a difference at home.
Make a difference at school.
Make a difference in your community.
Know the vocabulary words in the chapters. What are the main ideas?How would you answer: How are you?Health components-some sources and experts include the spiritual part
Draw the health continuum in their notebooks.Longevity-how long you will liveHave students draw the health triangle in their notes.Ask students to name some of the new technologies that they know of and then add more.Ask the students: What activities do you do every day that put your health at risk?
On the board write down the responses.
Every day we engage in behaviors/activities that involve risks to our health (refer to the answers on the board)
With every decision we make there are consequences. When you hear the word consequences, do you think positively or negatively?
We are going to look at a decision making model.
Abstinence-Avoiding harmful behaviorsHow do we communicate?Ask students to write down a type of goal and a short-term and a long-term strategy.p.36p. 38