changes in the panicle-related traits of different rice cultivars under high temperature condition

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Changes in the Panicle-Related Traits of Different Rice Cultivars under High Temperature Condition Young-Jun Mo 1 *, Ki-Young Kim 1 , Hyun-su Park, Jong-Cheol Ko 1 , Woon-Chul Shin 1 , Jeong-Kwon Nam 1 , Bo-Kyeong Kim 1 , Jae-Kwon Ko 1 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Changes in the Panicle-Related Traits of Different Rice Cultivars under High Temperature Condition

    Young-Jun Mo1*, Ki-Young Kim1, Hyun-su Park, Jong-Cheol Ko1, Woon-Chul Shin1, Jeong-Kwon Nam1, Bo-Kyeong Kim1, Jae-Kwon Ko1 1Department of Rice and Winter Cereal Crop, National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration, Iksan 570-080, KoreaTemperature rise by global warming causes deterioration in rice yield and grain quality.This study was conducted to investigate the changes in rice panicle-related traits under the high temperature condition.

    Objectivez Values with a different letter are significantly different at P < 0.05.A total of 40 Korean rice cultivars including 27 japonica and 13 Tongil-type (japonica-indica cross) were cultivated in two plots in the field. Eight weeks after transplanting, a greenhouse was set over one plot for high temperature treatment. Plants were harvested upon maturity and 13 panicle-related traits were investigated.Materials and MethodsTable 1. Accumulated and average temperatures in the field and the greenhouse conditions during the high temperature treatment.Table 2. Panicle-related traits investigated in this study.ResultsTable 3. Average and range of the panicle-related traits of 40 rice varieties in ambient condition.Fig. 1. Cluster analysis of 40 rice varieties based on the panicle-related traits in ambient condition.Fig. 2. Principal component analysis of the 13 panicle-related traits from 40 rice varieties in ambient condition. Three groups show clusters designated in Fig. 1. Prin1 and Prin2 indicate the first and second principal components, respectively.Table 4. Correlation coefficients among the panicle-related traits in ambient condition.* and ** indicate significance at P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively.. Table 5. Average and range of the panicle-related traits of 40 rice varieties in high temperature condition.z Values with a different letter are significantly different at P < 0.05.Fig. 3. Cluster analysis of 40 rice varieties based on the panicle-related traits in high temperature condition.Fig. 4. Principal component analysis of the 13 panicle-related traits from 40 rice varieties in high temperature condition. Three groups show clusters designated in Fig. 3. Prin1 and Prin2 indicate the first and second principal components, respectively.Table 6. Correlation coefficients among the panicle-related traits in high temperature condition.ConclusionIn both conditions, Tongil-type showed higher sink size-related characters than japonica, while japonica had higher percent ripened grain and percentage of head rice than Tongil-type. The number of SRBs per panicle and the number of spikelets on SRBs per panicle were positively correlated with the numbers of spikelets and rachis-branches per panicle (r > 0.95) while negatively correlated with the percent ripened grain (r < -0.40). On ecotype level, numbers of spikelets and rachis-branches per panicle, the number of SRBs per panicle, and the number of spikelets on SRBs per panicle were significantly increased in Tongil-type under the high temperature condition, while those in japonica did not show any significant change. Decrease in the percent ripened grain was more severe in the spikelets on SRBs than PRBs in both ecotypes and Tongil-type showed significantly higher decrease in the percent ripened grain than japonica. Therefore, it is concluded that the sink size of Tongil-type cultivars were increased under the high temperature more than japonica cultivars by the significant increase in SRBs, which caused more severe reduction in percent ripened grain.* and ** indicate significance at P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively.. * Corresponding author: Tel. 82-63-840-2158 E-mail: moyj82@korea.kr

    Group (n)DateAccumulated temp. during the treatment (C) (average temp.) Seeding (transplanting)TreatmentHarvestAmbient (a) Treatment (b) b - a (5)Apr 30(May 29)Jul 24Sep 111216.4(24.4) 1275.8(25.5) 59.4(1.1) (9)Sep 281546.3(23.1) 1634.4(24.4) 88.1(1.3) (12)Oct 51671.3(22.6) 1773.9(24.0) 102.6(1.4) (14)Oct 121775.8(21.9) 1893.7(23.4) 117.9(1.5)

    VariablesTraitsx1Number of spikelets per paniclex2Number of rachis-branches per paniclex3Number of primariy rachis-branches (PRBs) per paniclex4Number of spikelets on PRBs per paniclex5Mean number of spikelets on a PRBx6Number of secondary rachis-branches (SRBs) per paniclex7Number of spikelets on SRBs per paniclex8Mean number of spikelets on a SRBx9Ratio of SRBs to PRBsx10Percent ripened grain of PRBsx11Percent ripened grain of SRBsx12Percent ripened grain per paniclex13Head rice percentage

    Ecotype(n)x1x2x3x4x5x6x7japonica(27)145.4az(102~183)37.8a(26~50)11.3a(9~14)65a(53~77)5.8a(5.5~6.0)26.6a(17~36)80.4a(49~111)Tongil(13)188.8b(149~217)48.4b(36~59)11.5a(10~15)62.1b(49~78)5.4b(4.7~5.9)36.9b(25.3~48)126.7b(87~158)Total(40)159.5(102~217)41.3(26~59)11.3(9~15)64.1(49~78)5.7(4.7~6.0)29.9(17~48)95.5(49~158)

    Ecotypex8x9x10x11x12x13japonica3.0a(2.7~3.3)2.3a(1.6~3.0)96.5a(93.8~98.8)94.0a(87.9~97.4)95.1a(90.6~97.9)90.5a(67.3~96.5)Tongil3.4b(3.0~3.8)3.2b(2.3~4.2)91.7b(86.4~96.1)90.6b(84.6~96.1)90.9b(86.2~95.9)77.9b(62.1~90.9)Total3.2(2.7~3.8)2.6(1.6~4.2)95.0(86.4~98.8)92.9(84.6~97.4)93.8(86.2~97.9)86.4(62.1~96.5)

    TraitEigenvectorPrin1*Prin2x10.350.2x20.350.2x30.150.55x40.030.58x5-0.270.1x60.350.13x70.360.07x80.24-0.12x90.34-0.09x10-0.260.23x11-0.240.2x12-0.280.25x13-0.160.27Eigenvalue7.182.52Contributaion (%)55.219.4Cumulative contribution (%)55.274.6

    x2x3x4x5x6x7x8x9x10x11x12x13x10.97**0.61**0.42**-0.36**0.96**0.97**0.58**0.80**-0.30**-0.30**-0.38**-0.21x20.59**0.37**-0.46**0.99**0.95**0.42**0.85**-0.27**-0.32**-0.38**-0.20x30.90**-0.13*0.47**0.42**0.080.09-0.03-0.02-0.020.10x40.31**0.25**0.20**-0.05-0.13*0.070.050.090.26*x5-0.48**-0.48**-0.25**-0.51**0.21**0.17**0.26**0.34**x60.97**0.44**0.91**-0.29**-0.34**-0.41**-0.23*x70.64**0.90**-0.34**-0.34**-0.44**-0.30**x80.46**-0.33**-0.19**-0.32**-0.36**x9-0.32**-0.40**-0.48**-0.29**x100.37**0.74**0.20x110.89**0.15x120.21

    Ecotype(n)x1x2x3x4x5x6x7japonica(27)151.3az(111~222)39.4a(27~57)11.3a(9~14)65.5a(50~83)5.8a(5.5~6.1)28.1a(17~44)85.8a(51.8~145.5)Tongil(13)207.4b(154~258)52.6b(37~67)11.9b(10~16)65.4a(46~88)5.5b(4.5~6.1)40.7b(27~55)142.0b(92~195.7)Total(40)169.5(111~258)43.7(27~67)11.5(9~16)65.5(46~88)5.7(4.5~6.1)32.2(17~55)104.1(51.8~195.7)

    Ecotypex8x9x10x11x12x13japonica3.0a(2.7~3.3)2.5a(1.8~3.4)94.7a(88.4~98.3)90.6a(82.8~99)92.4a(85.8~98.6)76.8a(62.2~87.1)Tongil3.5b(3~3.7)3.5b(2.2~4.6)85.2b(71.4~93.5)80.0b(69.7~90.9)81.6b(72.5~91.9)71.9b(50.2~86.4)Total3.2(2.7~3.7)2.8(1.8~4.6)91.6(71.4~98.3)87.2(69.7~99)88.9(72.5~98.6)75.2(50.2~87.1)

    TraitEigenvectorPrin1Prin2x10.350.19x20.350.15x30.160.57x40.080.61x5-0.210.16x60.350.07x70.360.05x80.28-0.04x90.32-0.18x10-0.250.3x11-0.290.16x12-0.290.22x13-0.10.12Eigenvalue7.172.25Contributaion (%)55.117.3Cumulative contribution (%)55.172.5

    x2x3x4x5x6x7x8x9x10x11x12x13x10.97**0.57**0.45**-0.28**0.96**0.97**0.69**0.76**-0.29**-0.44**-0.44**-0.14x20.54**0.37**-0.42**0.99**0.96**0.55**0.82**-0.28**-0.41**-0.42**-0.18x30.93**-0.110.41**0.37**0.14*-0.030.02-0.12-0.07-0.04x40.27**0.24**0.22**0.08-0.19**0.07-0.040.010.07x5-0.43**-0.38**-0.11-0.46**0.16*0.18**0.20**0.30**x60.98**0.57**0.89**-0.30**-0.42**-0.44**-0.19x70.72**0.88**-0.33**-0.46**-0.49**-0.17x80.55**-0.35**-0.45**-0.48**-0.10x9-0.35**-0.41**-0.46**-0.18x100.72**0.88**0.13x110.96**0.14x120.16

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