challenges in the digital humanities
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Digital Humanities Digital humanities umbrella term for the use of
digital methods in such humanities subjects as linguistics, history, literature, theology, etc.
Ranges from approaches akin to media studies to specialist linguistic computing
Earlier focus on method (methodological commons); I will focus more on domain content (will emphasise humanities challenges, and less the digital)
Our challenge is the human Humanities studies human behaviour and culture
Human behaviour and culture is complex, messy, contradictory, deceptive and rich in layers of meaning
The humanities explores these complexities, and never reaches firm conclusions (or wishes to)
V.H. Galbraith: The past itself is dead, and the books we write tombs of learning, except insofar as they live in the consciousness of their readers. So conceived, we travel pleasantly, but by the nature of things we never arrive
Stuart Hall: humanities data is always reread in the light of the past, the present and the future
@NUMBER = VITELLIUS C.XV@NOTE = RENUMBERED: NOW FAUSTINA C.V @NUMBER = VITELLIUS C.XVI, VOLUME ONE@NOTE = CONTAINS FOLIOS 1-302 @NUMBER = VITELLIUS C.XVI, PART TWO@NOTE = CONTAINS FOLIOS 308-545 @NUMBER = VITELLIUS C.XVII @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.I (ARTICLES 2-7 ONLY) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.II @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.III (ARTICLES 3, 4 AND 9 ONLY) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.IV (ARTICLES 3, 5 AND 7 ONLY) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.V (ARTICLES 5-6 ONLY) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.VI @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.VII @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.VIII (ARTICLE 6) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.IX@NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.X @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.XI (ARTICLES 1, 3, 8 AND 11 ONLY) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.XII (ARTICLES 1-4 AND 10 ONLY) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.XIII (ARTICLES 5-12 ONLY) @NUMBER = @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.XIV@NOTE = BURNT IN 1731 @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.XV (ARTICLES 2 AND 4 ONLY) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.XVI @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.XVII @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.XVIII @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.XIX@NOTE = MISSING: WANTING IN 1696 @NUMBER = VITELLIUS D.XX (ARTICLES 3 AND 10 ONLY) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS E.I @NUMBER = VITELLIUS E.II (ARTICLES 22-23 ONLY) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS E.III @NUMBER = VITELLIUS E.IV (ARTICLES 8-9 ONLY) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS E.V @NUMBER = VITELLIUS E.VI @NUMBER = VITELLIUS E.VII (ARTICLES 1, 3, 6, 8 ONLY) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS E.VIII @NUMBER = VITELLIUS E.IX (ARTICLE 3 ONLY) @NUMBER = VITELLIUS E.X @NUMBER = VITELLIUS E.XI @NUMBER = VITELLIUS E.XI, OLD COVERS
@NUMBER = OTHO D.VI@NOTE = MISSING: WANTING IN 1696 @NUMBER = OTHO D.VII @NUMBER = OTHO D.VIII @NUMBER = OTHO D.IX @NUMBER = OTHO D.X @NUMBER = OTHO D.XI@NOTE = CONTAINS ARTICLES 1-3, 8, 9 AND 11 ONLY@NUMBER = OTHO E.I@NUMBER = OTHO E.II@NOTE = BURNT IN 1731 @NUMBER = OTHO E.III @NUMBER = OTHO E.IV @NUMBER = OTHO E.V@NOTE = BURNT IN 1731 @NUMBER = OTHO E.VI @NUMBER = OTHO E.VII @NUMBER = OTHO E.VIII @NUMBER = OTHO E.IX @NUMBER = OTHO E.X @NUMBER = OTHO E.XI @NUMBER = OTHO E.XII @NUMBER = OTHO E.XIII @NUMBER = OTHO E.XIV @NUMBER = TIBERIUS A.I@NOTE = TRANSFERRED TO BRITISH LIBRARY ORIENTAL COLLECTIONS @NUMBER = TIBERIUS A.II@NUMBER = TIBERIUS A.III @NUMBER = TIBERIUS A.IV @NUMBER = TIBERIUS A.V @NUMBER = TIBERIUS A.VI @NUMBER = TIBERIUS A.VII@NOTE = ARTICLES 5*, 5**, 5*** ARE PLACED SEPARATELY @NUMBER = TIBERIUS A.VII, ARTICLES 5*, 5**, 5***@NOTE = FORMERLY APPENDIX XXXIX, ARTICLES 1-3
Cotton MS Otho E.xiv was added to the collection between 1695 and 1734, probably by Casley. Not in Smith or Planta so has remained effectively
concealed until recently.
Galba E.xiv also added after 1695 and before 1734, and not in Smith or Planta.
However, probably never owned by Cotton.
Map showing location of bombs falling on London during the Blitz, 1940-1941:
Unstructured time-based media (film, sound, tv) very important in many domains,
but presents complex problems of representation
Extract from a visual field analysis of Ken Loachs Poor Cow (1967). Even if we can locate the placing of
the camera, it is the direction of the shot which is significant.
Cinematic location comprises many different components (time, space, gaze, sequence, etc.) but
cinematic geographies are still fictitious.
In the humanities, no such thing as good or bad data. It is the exploration and interrogation of data which is at the heart of the humanities
Bowker (2006): Raw data is both an oxymoron and a bad idea; to the contrary, data should be cooked with care
Huggett (2014): Data are not 'out there', waiting to be discovered; if anything, data are waiting to be created. Information about the past is situated, contingent, and incomplete; data are theory-laden, and relationships are constantly changing depending on context.
Kitchen and Lauriault (2014): Data are situated, contingent, relational, and framed, and used contextually to try and achieve certain aims and goals
Over-arching themes of the humanities
Layers of Meaning: shifts in meaning, patterns of meaning, close reading, thick description, intertextuality
Archaeologies: the accumulations of data, meaning and significance; the layered meaning for place
Power: structures of power (gender, class, race); canonicities; cultural forms
The gaze: how do we as readers / observers / creators interact with cultural objects?
Materialities: in a manuscript, music or painting, there is no separation between information and the medium carrying it. The information is shaped by and dependent on its material carrier. Transforming the carrier transforms the information