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  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR

    1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION

    Jie Ren (Jessica) 539452_Studio Air

  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION

  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR _ INTRODUCTION

    Hi all,

    my name is Jie Ren. You can call me Jess. I am from China. I am a third year student in Bachelor Of Environ-ments, majoring in Architecture. I did virtual Environment on my first year, found Rhino program quite hard but interesting. I am looking forward to exploring more about rhino and grasshopper.

    My life statue at the moment is: FORTUNE FAVOURS THE BRAVE!

  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION

    Understanding the course

    ARCHITECTURE AS DISCOURSE

    Architecture is a product of the desire on the part of social and political authorIity to update the pub-lic realm in the context of unprecedented prosper-ity.

    Richard Williams, 2005

  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION

    Understanding the courseArchitecture as discourse

    How do we define architecture?

    Since the late 19th, architecture always has a dominant social statue in history. Compare to poetry, painting and sculpture, architecture defines itself as unique, more professional and more sophisticated. This is due to its variation to different perspectives, which maintains artistic innovation, geometry, mathematics, techni-cal drawing, material use, and now-days digitalization. As a discourse, there are always unlimited contexts adding on to architecture theory.

    Richard Willians stated that archi-tecture needs to be thought of less as a set of special material products and rather more as range of social and professional practices that some-times, but by no means always, lead to buildings.(Richard Williams, 2005)Whether in my understanding of ar-chitecture, architecture in discourse is always renewing and changing due to different aspects of impacts around it. Apart from social and visual context, architects also need to consider their design referring to economic, moral, religious environments and so much more.

    Therefore architecture is in-tegrated into different aspects and varieties of representa-tions in the society. It could be a Greek or a Roman temple, it could be a monument gather-ing all the remembrance of the World War 2, or it could be a millionaires villa residence showing luxury and richness. Buildings with no capacity to change can only become slums or ancient monuments. ( bbc Productions, 1966)Thus, architecture is no longer just a building, but has to be flexible with vary aspects of context.

    ARCHITECTURE AS DISCOURSE

  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION

    The Beijing national aquatic center tbuilt: 2004 - 2007Architects: PTW Architects, CSCEC, CCDI and Arup

    ARCHITECTURE AS DISCOURSE

  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION

    The Beijing national aquatic center is located in Beijing Olympic Green for the use of the 2008 summer Olympic swimming competition. This piece of work is also nicknamed as water cube, in terms of its overall cubic form. This building is designed to compromise a variety of purposes, functional, sustainable and specially, it achieved the sense of visual cul-ture. (Richard Williams, 2005)

    In terms of visual culture, in or-der to highlight Beijings culture and identity, it formed itself a perfect cuboid box in relation to the traditional Beijing quadran-gle courtyard. Then the designers create bubbles to symbolize wa-ter flowing.

    In terms of functionality and sus-tainability, it is using a steel space frame, and it also involved ETFE clad structure. This ETFE clad structure is the bubbles system, which was covering the whole cubic surface. The bubble skin functions as not only a simple faade. But also enables the struc-ture to gather more light and heat penetration than traditional glass, resulting 30% decrease in energy costs.

    Thus, Architecture in discourse in this case will be the engage-ment of the environment, the Chinese culture, Olympic game, art and sustainability.

    ARCHITECTURE AS DISCOURSE

    Richard Williams men-tioned architecture is as much a philosophical, so-cial or professional realm as it is a material one, and it is through the consid-eration of architecture as discourse that one can en-gage with it as visual cul-ture. (Richard Williams, 2005)

    Each bubble includes a filter in-side it that can also control the temperature, when it gets really hot and releases heat when it needs to dissipate from build-ing. It also gathers rainfall on the roof of the building and pushes in within the building.

  • BMW Welt, Munich, Germany, 2003-2007Architect: Coop Himmelb

    ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION

    BMW Welt is situated in Munich Germany. Similar to the water cube, it successfully achieved its purpose of a unique, geometrical functional and sustainable structure. More importantly, it is con-structed on the purpose of respecting and engaging more with the environment and landscape.

    In terms of its visual cul-ture, BWM Welt has an eye-catching irregular shape of the architecture is a torque, achieved by triangular geom-etry. It is actually inspirited by the Acropolis in Athens. We translated the geometry of constantly changing cloud into architecture says wolf D. Prix. T The BMW Welt could be an example of a modernist archi-tecture, according to its plain shape, use of large amount of glass, and the lack of orna-mentation.

    ARCHITECTURE AS DISCOURSE

    ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION

  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION

    BMW Welt, Munich, Germany, 2003-2007

    It is described as a dynamic construction of semitransparent glass structure with corrugated steel roof and one ending in a double twist in form of a cone in official website of designers. Its semi transparency unified itself as a visionary architecture, to gather maximum sunlight, and create maximum view to the surrounding.

    In terms of sustainability, BMW Welt managed varies groups of 16,500 square meters of solar panels in-stalled on the roof, to receive nature solar energy for daily basis.

    ARCHITECTURE AS DISCOURSE

    1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR

    1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION

  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION

    SPIRAL EXERCISE

    PYLLOTAXIS AND EXPRESSION

  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.1 CASE OF INNOVATION

  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.2 CASE OF INNOVATION

    COMPUTATION

    It is possible to claim that designers creativity is limited by the very program that are supposed to free their imagination

    Terzidis, Kostas, 2009.I disagree! Computation will not limit designerss imagination, but absolutely in opposite, it pushed designers ideas into extreme, and create more opportunities.

  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.2 CASE OF INNOVATION

    COMPUTATION

    What is the difference between computerization and computation?

    Computerization helps to digitalize concepts in ones mind, while manipulate and store this data into computer system. For example, scan a existing drawing into a computer, or putting an essay into a world document. Whereas, computation belongs to a more technical designing field, allows more opportunities, more imagination, and more efficiency, accuracy and sophistication. In other words, computation could be argued as an integrated design tool, which satisfies different designing desires and innovations.

    Whereas,Computation could be used in different design fields, such as 3d model construction, design tool cre-ation, and generate and explore architecture and space.

    In order of function,

    Computational technique is accurate and sophisticated. It is not only smart in dealing with num-ber data, but also more importantly flexible enough to be able to adapt changing environment. It helps designers to stimulate building performance, including materials, tectonics, and parameter of production machinery. It is also good at dealing with the complex, which one dominating example would be digital fabrication. It involves great calculation, which the human would take forever to cal-culate.

    In order of imagination, Computation create a free space for designers to develop and experiment their design in practice. It gives designers more opportunities to produce more response design, because it allow designers with more design options, and also helps them to analyse architecture decisions during design process.

  • ARCHITECTURE STUDIO AIR 1.2 CASE OF INNOVATION

    COMPUTATION

    Foster + Partners, National Bank of Kuwait Headquarters, Kuwait City, Kuwait, 2007

    The National Bank of Kuwait Headquarters is an environmentally responsive building which involves complex geometry. The fin of the architecture is not only a visual component, but also holding an important role in functionality.

    In this example, designers achieved a complex building by starting with shape, and adding and refining details to form such a massive fluent shaped architecture. Computation is contributing to a great part of the structural process. Computation is in use to produce a parametric model, to show overall building in a 3d view and also extract all 59 floor plans and many sections. This purpose is to have multiple va