cetatea taraneasca de la câlnic

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  • S redescoperim ROMNIA !

    Derulare automat sau Click

  • Cetatea Clnic a fost atestat documentar n anul 1269, fiind ridicat de comitele Chyl de Kelling, iniial ca resedin nobiliar sseasc. In prezent, Cetatea se afl pe lista Patrimoniului Mondial UNESCO, avnd o valoare istoric unic. De civa ani, Cetatea Clnic se afl n grija Asociaiei Ars Transilvaniae, care face parte din Centrul Cultural Internaional, patronat de Institutul de Arheologie i Istoria Artei al Academiei Romane din Cluj-Napoca.

  • Localitatea Clnic se afl la 4 Km de drumul european E68 ce leag oraele Sibiu i Sebe

  • Cetatea trneasc de la Clnic, este celebr prin turnul Siegfried, un donjon puternic, atestat nc din 1290. Este amenajat n secolele al XV-lea i al XVI-lea.

  • De proporii monumentale, donjonul de la Clnic, (Turnul Siegfried), a fost construit n jurul anului 1272 din piatr brut, pe un plan patrulater (12,25 x 8,85 m). Grosimea zidurilor donjonului este de un metru. Acesta a avut iniial 14 m nlime, dar a fost ulterior nlat la 20 m. Parterul-pivni i primul etaj ce servea de locuin, au fost boltite n semicilindru. Al treilea nivel, prevzut cu metereze, era foarte scund, iar al patrulea era o camer de locuit fortificat.

  • Turnul de Poart este cea de a doua atracie a Cetii. Acesta are intrarea pe sub o bolt cilindric prevzut cu hers (grtar masiv ce era cobort fulgertor asupra asediatorilor).

  • Dup 1430, ultimul descendent al greavilor, Johann Gereb de Vingard, vinde Cetatea ranilor sai din Clnic. Dup opt ani, sultanul Murad al II-lea o cucerete fr lupt, iar ndat dup aceea, stenii ntresc Cetatea, ridicnd de-a lungul incintei interioare cmri pentru provizii pe trei niveluri.

  • Capela din incint const dintr-o sal dreptunghiular i o absid semicircular spre rsrit, separat printr-un arc triumfal. Portalul de pe latura de apus, sculptat n gresie, are un ancadrament ce aparine stilului gotic trziu.

  • n a doua jumtate a secolului al XVI-lea fortificaia a fost adaptat noilor cerine, o dat cu rspndirea armelor de foc: este ridicat a doua incint.Din 2003 s-au efectuat lucrri de amenajare pentru spaiile expoziionale i pentru cazare, cetatea fiind transformat ntr-un ntr-un centru cultural tiintific internaional.

  • La o mic distan de cetate se afl fosta cas parohial evanghelic, construit n secolul al XVI-lea i mrit n 1779. De la ea se ajunge la biserica din Deal, nconjurat de cimitir. Se presupune c ar fi fost construit n secolul al XIII-lea, dar structura de astzi dateaz din secolul al XV-lea, fiind mult modificat n secolul al XIX-lea, fapt care a determinat aspectul actual neogotic.

  • The Peasant Fortress at Calnic

    In the village of Calnic, first attested in writing in 1269, there is one of the oldest fortresses in Transylvania. Built around the year 1200, it was mentioned in writing around 1267 as owned by the Kelling counts. The name of the village derives from the name of the Kelling noble family, whose property it was during the 13th-14th centuries.

    Of large proportions, the Dungeon at Calnic, also called the Siegfried's Tower, was built with raw stone, and has a quadrilateral plan (12.25 x 8.85 m). Its walls are 1 m thick. Formerly 14 m high, it is 20 m now. The cellar ground-floor and the first floor, which served as a residence house, were vaulted in a semicircular shape, while the other two floors were provided with a ceiling. The third floor, provided with battlements was very low, where as the fourth one made a fortified room.

  • The defence system of the Fortress included also a 3-4 m wide moat that surrounded its walls, being supplied with water from a near-by brook.

    Entrance to the Gate Tower is made through a vaulted covered walk equipped with a kind of grill-gate ended in stakes called "hersa" which, pulled down swiftly, would isolate the besiegers vanguard from the bulk of their army.

    After 1430, Johann Gereb of Vingard, the last descendant of the Kelling noble family, sold the Fortress to the Saxon villagers at Calnic. Eight years later, sultan Murad the 2nd conquered the Fortress without being opposed any resistance. Soon afterwards the villagers strengthened the Fortress by building onto the precinct's walls cells for provisions arranged on three storeys.

    The Peasant Fortress at Calnic was included in the UNESCO world patrimony

  • Fotografii internet

    Muzica - Gheorghe Zamfir - Going Home