canals, roads, steamboats, r rs
Post on 13-Jul-2015
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Transportation RevolutionFaster, cheaper, farther
Throughout the 1800s, new inventions improved the speed and cost of transporting people and goods across the countryThe United States continued to invest in building improved transportation networks. Canals, roads, and railroads were built across the country to connect regions and markets, improving the economyTransportation Revolution
What good are manufactured products if you cant get them to customers?
Lets take a quick look at some major changes
Canals man made water routesConnected the East with the Western Great Lakes states. Provided cheap, efficient transportation. Transporting goods by canal was faster than by wagon. (3 mph vs. 2 mph)Barges could carry more than 10 tons, while wagons could handle just over 1 ton.Barges were much cheaper, charging 4 per ton per mile. Wagons charged 12 per ton per mile.wagons = slower, carry less, cost morebarges = 50% faster, carry 10X as much, cost 63% less
Barges in action
Canals and Roads
The SteamshipIn 1807, Robert Fulton demonstrated his steamship. His new invention was faster than sailboats and could travel in any direction, regardless of wind conditions. This new vessel made upstream river travel faster and more affordable.
The SteamshipRobert Fulton invented steamshipFaster, more affordable travel by water
Railroads who needs a river?
Railroads As fast as steamshipsNot limited to existing rivers, could be built anywhereConnected distant region of the U.S. increased settlement of the western territories
Railroads connect the North
Use the previous slide (#14) and email me your results
In 1860, John has taken over his parents family farm. Using the new railroad, he ships 2 tons of wheat 710 miles to New York City. 1. Compare the costs of shipping the wheat via wagon vs via railroad. Which costs less? How much less?
2. Compare the time it takes the rail shipment to arrive to the time it took the wagon shipment. How much faster is the trip by railroad?