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  • Cambodia Labour Force and Child Labour Survey 2012

    Child Labour Report

    November 2013

    International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)

    National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning

    International Labour Organization (ILO)

  • Copyright International Labour Organization and National Institute of Statistics (NIS) of Cambodia 2013 First published 2013 For rights of reproduction application should be made either to the ILO: ILO Publications (Rights and Permissions), International Labour Office, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland, or by email: pubdroit@ilo.org ; or to the National Institute of Statistics, # 386 Preah Monivong Blvd., Sangkat Beoung Keng Kang I, Khan Chamkar Mon, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. For rights of translation application should be made to the ILO, acting on behalf of both organizations, to the address mentioned above. Libraries, institutions and other users registered with reproduction rights organizations may make copies in accordance with the licences issued to them for this purpose. Visit www.ifrro.org to find the reproduction rights organization in your country.

    ILO-IPEC; NIS Cambodia Labour Force and Child Labour Survey 2012: Child Labour Report / International Labour Organization, ILO International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC), National Institute of Statistics (NIS). Cambodia: ILO, 2013. ISBN: 978-92-2-128203-7 (print); 978-92-2-128204-4 (Web PDF) ILO International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour; Cambodia, National Institute of Statistics child labour / children / child worker / working conditions / labour force participation / survey / data collecting / methodology / Cambodia - 13.01.2

    Also available in Khmer:

    (ISBN: 978-92-2-828203-0 (Print); 978-92-2-828204-7 (Web PDF), Phonm Penh, 2013.

    NOTE

    The analysis presented here is based on data from the Cambodia Labour Force and Child Labour Survey 2012 conducted by the National Institute of Statistics (NIS) of Cambodia, with technical and financial assistance from the ILO's International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) through its Statistical Information and Monitoring Programme on Child Labour (SIMPOC).

    Funding for this publication was provided by the United States Department of Labor (Project

    GLO/09/56/USA and GLO/10/55/USA).

    This publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the United States Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the United States Government.

    The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of data therein do not imply the

    expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the ILO and NIS concerning the legal status of

    any country, area or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers.

    ILO and NIS do not accept any responsibility in case of inaccuracy, error or omission of for any consequence related to the use of this data.

    Printed in Cambodia Photocomposed by Sunway Publishing Shop.

    mailto:pubdroit@ilo.org

  • iii

    CONTENTS

    Foreword....................................................................................................... i Preface.......................................................................................................... ii Executive summary....................................................................................... x Chapter 1. Introduction............................................................................... 1 1.1 Background............................................................................ 1 1.3 Objectives of the survey.................................................................................. 2 1.4 Contents of the report...................................................................................... 3

    Chapter 2. Survey methodology................................................................ 4 2.1 Scope and coverage........................................................................................ 4 2.2 Concepts and definitions................................................................................. 4 2.3 Questionnaire................................................................................................. 9 2.4 Sampling design.............................................................................................. 10 2.4.1 Sampling weight............................................................................... 11 2.4.2 Estimation method............................................................................ 12 2.5 Pilot survey...................................................................................................... 14 2.6 Training of enumerators and supervisors and field work................................. 16 2.7 Data processing............................................................................................... 16

    Chapter 3. Characteristics of the child population................................... 18 3.1 Overall characteristics of the children population............................................ 18 3.2 Child population aged 517 years: Distribution by sex and area.................... 19 3.3 School attendance of children aged 517 years............................................. 20 3.4 Reasons for never attending school................................................................ 24 3.5 Childrens interest in additional work............................................................... 25 3.6 Economically active children, child labourers and

    children in hazardous labour........................................................................... 26 3.7 Economically active children, child labourers and

    children in hazardous labour by province........................................................ 28

    Chapter 4. Characteristics of children engaged in economic activity.... 33 4.1 Number of economically active children.......................................................... 33 4.2 Employment status.......................................................................................... 36 4.3 Types of employers......................................................................................... 40 4.4 Working hours................................................................................................. 41 4.5 Wage/salary of child employees...................................................................... 44 4.6 Economically active children by sector of economic activity........................... 47 4.7 Children seeking work..................................................................................... 50 4.8 Household chores performed by economically active children........................ 50 4.9 Occupational health and safety....................................................................... 52 4.9.1 Work-related injury and illness.......................................................... 52 4.9.2 Exposure to hazardous elements at work......................................... 53 4.9.3 Abuse and violence at work.............................................................. 55 4.10 Marital status................................................................................................... 56 4.11 Child domestic workers................................................................................... 57 4.12 Migration.......................................................................................................... 59

    Chapter 5. Child labourers and children in hazardous labour................. 61 5.1 General characteristics of child labourers and children in hazardous work..... 61 5.2 Education status.............................................................................................. 64

  • iv

    5.2.1 Education level and school attendance of child labourers................ 64 5.2.2 Reasons for never attending school and for dropping out................. 65 5.3 Employment aspects....................................................................................... 72 5.3.1 Status in employment........................................................................ 72 5.3.2 Sector of employment....................................................................... 75 5.3.3 Main place of work............................................................................ 79 5.3.4 Number of hours worked in a week................................................... 80 5.3.5 Children in hazardous labour in notified hazardous

    occupations and industries................................................................ 82 5.4 Types of health and other hazards child labourers experienced..................... 84

    Chapter 6. Other activities of children...................................................... 87 6.1 Economic and other activities.......................................................................... 87 6.2 Activities of children not economically active................................................... 90 6.3 Vocational training........................................................................................... 93

    Chapter 7. Economically active children, child labourers and children in hazardous labour and characteristics of head of household............. 95

    Chapter 8. Conclusions and recommendations....................................... 101 8.1 Conclusions..................................................................................................... 101 8.2 Recommendations...............................................................................

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