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  • Ken MeterCrossroadsResource Center(Minneapolis)

    Building Food security

    in Alaska

    Alaska Food Festival & ConferenceAnchorage, AlaskaNovember 7, 2014

  • Sponsor

    Alaska Department of Health & Social Services

  • Finding Food in Farm Country Studies

    plus Maui & HawaiiFairbanks & Alaska

    107 regions in 36 states & Manitoba

  • Angoon

  • Johnson Family Farm, Fairbanks

  • Johnson Family Farm, Fairbanks

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Wasilla

  • Palmer

  • Palmer

  • Centers for Disease ControlDelivery to the Country

  • Angoon

  • Chena Hot Springs

  • Chena Hot Springs

  • Chena Hot Springs

  • Chena Hot Springs

  • Chena Hot Springs

  • Chena Hot Springs

  • Taco Loco, Anchorage

  • Taco Loco, Anchorage

  • Taco Loco

    Photo: Anabel Galindo

  • Calypso Farm, Ester

  • Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Tim Meyers Farm, Bethel

  • Build:Health WealthConnectionCapacity

    Vision for local food economies

  • The current food system takes wealth out of our communities

  • Local foods may be the best path toward economic recovery in U.S.

  • Photo: DSC

    Local is a shorthand....

  • Goal: to buildCommunity-Based Food Systems

    Photo: DSC

  • Selawik 1982

  • Map by Adam Cox

  • Alaska731,449 residents

    Anchorage garden 1982

  • Bureau of Economic Analysis

  • 0

    5

    10

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    1969

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    2010

    2011

    2012

    $ billion

    s (20

    12)

    Personal income in Alaska, 1969 2012 (adjusted)

    Bureau of Economic Analysis

  • Bureau of Economic Analysis

    40% public!

  • 149,000residents (22%) earn less than

    185% of poverty

    Census Bureau

  • OneinfiveAlaskachildren(20%)arefoodinsecure

    Hunger is prevalent

    Feeding America, 2014

  • LowincomeAlaskansreceivesome$185million ofSNAPbenefitsfromthefederal

    government

    Thisis13times thevalueofallfoodproductsproduced

    byfarmsinthestate

    Low-income access

    Bureau of Economic Analysis & Census of Agriculture, 2012

  • FoodisanimportantbusinessinAlaska,generatingmorethan$5billion insales

    Food is an important business

    Meter & Phillips Goldenberg, Building Food Security in Alaska, 2014

  • Alaska consumers...

  • Alaskanspurchase$2billionoffoodeachyear

    Visitorspurchaseevenmore

    Estimated from Bureau of Labor Statistics data, 2011

    Alaskans depend on Outside

  • $millionsMeats,poultry,fish&eggs 242Fruits&vegetables 230Cereals&bakery 150Dairyproducts 128Other 412

    Estimated from Bureau of Labor Statistics data, 2011

    Food purchased for home use

  • AlaskaFood & Farm Economy

    762farms

    Source: USDA Agriculture Census 2012

  • $millions1 Ornamentals 13.02 Hay 4.43 Vegetables 3.34 Misc.Livestock 2.85 Potatoes 2.56 Cattle&calves 1.77 Dairyproducts 1.38 Barley 1.0

    Totalforhumans $14 of$30million

    Top Alaska farm products

    Census of Agriculture, 2012

  • 95%ofthefoodAlaskanspurchaseissourcedoutsidethestate

    James Drew, former Dean of the agriculture school at UAF, 1977

    Alaskans import most food

  • Alaskansspend$1.9billion peryearbuyingfoodsourcedOutside

    Estimated from Bureau of Labor Statistics data, 2011

    Alaskans depend on Outside

  • Palmer

  • Source: Census of Agriculture 2012

    241farmsselldirecttoconsumers

    (32%offarms)

    AlaskaFood & Farm Economy

  • $2.2million ofsalesdirectlyfromfarmerstoconsumers

    Thisrivalsthevalueofthestatespotatocrop

    Census of Agriculture, 2012

    Alaskans more likely to connect

  • Directsalesrose32% overthepastfiveyears,and

    nowrunat13timesthenationalaverage

    Census of Agriculture, 2012

    Alaskans more likely to connect

  • Directsalesbringinoneofeverysixdollarsearnedbyfarmerswhoraise

    foodforconsumeruse

    Census of Agriculture, 2012

    Alaskans more likely to connect

  • Consumers matter

    farmswouldearn$188millionofnewrevenue

    (Fourtimescurrentsales)

    Ifeachresidentbought$5offooddirectlyfromAlaskafarmseachweek...(&ifsuchfarmersexisted)

  • In2011,Alaskaexported$3.2billionofseafood

    Itisestimatedthat6070%ofAlaskaseafood

    issoldtoexportmarkets

    Alaska exports seafood

    McDowell Group, 2013

  • AlaskanseafoodisshippedtoSeattleforprocessing,then

    backtoAlaskagrocerystores

    Alaska Food Policy Council Town Hall Meetings, 2014

    Alaskans want better local options

  • 95%ofKenaiPeninsularesidentshaveaccesstolocalseafood

    mostlythroughsportorsubsistencefishing

    Only25% purchase locallycaughtseafoodfroma

    commercialfisherorgrocer

    Loring, Gerlach, & Harrison 2013

    Alaskans rely on hunting & fishing

  • Economicvalueofsubsistencefishing,hunting,andgathering$400million/year

    Economicvalueofhunting&fishingforpersonaluse

    $500million/year

    AK Division of Fish and Game

    Alaskans rely on hunting & fishing

  • Alaska

  • Ineversawfinerormorebountifulpasture.Wereitnotforthelongwinters,[Alaska]wouldbecapitalstockcountry,

    equalingTexasandtheprairiesoftheoldWest.

    JohnMuir,1915

    Alaska inspires bold dreams

    Travels in Alaska

  • C.C.GeorgesonestimatedthatAlaskacouldfurnish320acrehomesteadsto200,000

    familiesandsupportapopulationofatleastthreemillion.

    OrlandoMiller,1975

    Alaska inspires bold dreams

    The Frontier in Alaska and the Matanuska Colony

  • This,ofcourse,overlookedNativecommunitiesandtheirconnectiontotheland

    Alaska inspires bold dreams

  • In1916and1917,FarmersandbusinessmeninFairbanksbegantocollaboratetoachieve

    selfsufficiencyinfoodproduction.

    Yetthesehopeswereneverrealized

    PappandPhillips,2007

    Alaskans have long sought security

    Like a Tree to the Soil: A History of Farming n Alaska's Tanana Valley, 1903-1940.

  • SincemuchofAlaskasdevelopmentcamefromvarious mining andnaturalresourcebooms

    transportationsystemsandmarketswere notbuiltaroundagriculturalsystems,butrather

    aroundmining

    Infrastructure works against local

    Meter & Phillips Goldenberg, Building Food Security in Alaska, 2014

  • Theonlyagricultureofanyscaleorindicationofpermanence[inthestate]hasdevelopedin

    the MatanuskaValley.

    Thisprobablydevelopedlargelybecauseitcameabout

    aspartofatotalprogram.

    Gazaway,1960

    Public action has been effective

    Facts and Observations on Agricultural Development in Alaska

  • State of Alaska

    Matanuska Valley 1982

  • Cities often built on best farmland

    Map by Adam Cox

  • Cities often built on best farmland

    Palmer

  • Selawik 1982

  • Whathaspersistedisthecultureofvillages,thededicationofNativepeopletocelebrate

    nature,shareworkwitheachother,andbuildasolidsenseofplacebyhunting,fishing,and

    gathering

    Eventoday,12,000yearsafterthefirstsettlement,thisisthestrongestwaythat

    Alaskansobtainlocallyraisedfood

    What has persisted

    Meter & Phillips Goldenberg, Building Food Security in Alaska, 2014

  • Traditionalfoodsarehighinprotein,butnotincalories

    Traditional foods are valuable

    Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2014

  • AvarietyofpressuresarecombiningtocreateuncertaintyforNativehuntersandfishermen:costoffuel,weatherchange,flooding,shifting

    migratorypatterns,andradiation

    Pressures on subsistence gathering

    Meter & Phillips Goldenberg, Building Food Security in Alaska, 2014

  • Selawik 1982

  • TheAlaskaNativeageadjustedrateofdeathfrompreventablechronicdiseasesran1.4to2.1times

    thatoftheirWhitepeers

    Someanalystsnotethatweightrelatedhealthconditionsarecloselycorrelatedwithmovingaway

    fromtraditionalfoods topurchasedfoods

    Purchased diet invokes public costs

    Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, 2014

  • Widening losses

    Roberta Townsend-Vennel, 2014, representing a tribal position

    Oftenthepeoplewhocaptainedsubsistencehuntingpartieswerealso

    commercialfishers

    Whentheysoldtheirfishing

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