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BUDDHISM

BUDDHISMReport by: Rio Jessa Evelyn TareReal Name: Siddhartha Gautama AKA: Buddha meaning "the awakened one", or "the one who knows", used when he was already 35 years old.

Siddhartha Gautama the PrinceSearch for the TruthSpreading his teachingsBUDDHA1.Buddhism began with the Buddha, but who was he?There are two aspects of the Life of Siddhartha Gautama - the historical way and the legend, which has embroidered the story of this amazing man.

2Siddhartha Gautama the PrinceWas born into the feudal kingdom of the Sakya clan where the Gautama family ruled.Lived a luxurious life without any hardshipsHis father protected/shielded him from contact with ugliness, sickness, old age and death.Married at sixteen to a woman named Yasodhara and soon had a son.Siddharta in his early twenties became discontented. WHY?The FOUR EncountersFirst: Siddhartha saw an old man, bent and trembling, and discovered old age.Second: He saw a sick man suffering from disease. Third: He witnessed a funeral procession and a corpse.Fourth: He met a wandering monk who had an inner tranquillity despite living an austere life, suggesting to Siddhartha that he had come to terms with old age, sickness and death.*On his 29th birthday, Siddharta renounced his regal life leaving behind his family and went out of the palace.The Search for the TruthLived as a monk and eventually called Sakyamuni or sage of the Sakyas.Tried to live an austere life, starved and punished his body to subdue its worldly desires which he thought was an obstacle to spiritual development.He lost his five followers. 1.5Buddha under the Bodhi TreeOn the night of the full moon in May, complete Enlightenment came to him.

The Four Noble TruthThe Four Noble TruthsThe first truth is that life is suffering.

In "The Vision of the Buddha by Tom Lowenstein, the Buddha says:"What, monks, is the truth of suffering? Birth is suffering, decay, sickness and death are suffering. To be separated from what you like is suffering. To want something and not get it is suffering. In short, the human personality, liable as it is to clinging and attachment brings suffering."

The second noble truth is that suffering in its broad sense, comes from desire, and specifically, desire for meeting our expectations and for self fulfilment as we see it. By desiring for ourselves rather than the whole, we will always have suffering.

*Or in the language today Life sucks.

The third noble truth tells us that if our attachment to desire ends, so too will the suffering. Specifically, if we change our perception and reduce our attachment to desire, suffering will also reduce.This is not intended to lead to a cancellation of the zest for life, but to an understanding of the nature of life and to controlling those desires which come from that lack of understanding.

10The fourth noble truth shows the way to the ending of suffering. The Buddha said that the way to cease suffering is to follow the middle way, the Noble Eightfold path. This provides the guidelines for day to day living. The Eightfold PathRight Understanding or Right Viewseeing the world and everything in it as it really is, not as we believe it to be or want it to be.I must state clearly that my teaching is a method to experience reality and not reality itself

Right IntentRight Intent must come from the heart and involves recognising the equality of all life and compassion for all that life, beginning with yourself.Right Intent means persistence and a passion for the journey. Right SpeechInvolves recognition of the truth, and also an awareness of the impact of idle gossip and of repeating rumours.By resolving never to speak unkindly, or in anger, a spirit of consideration evolves which moves us closer to everyday compassionate living.

Right ActionRecognises the need to take the ethical approach in life, to consider others and the world we live in. Also encompasses the five precepts which were given by the Buddha, not to kill, steal, lie, to avoid sexual misconduct, and not to take drugs or other intoxicants.Right Livelihood Certain types of work were discouraged by the Buddha, in particular those where you deal in harmful drugs and intoxicants, those dealing in weapons, and those harmful to animal or human life.Also implies that a Buddhist who is able, will undertake some work, either as part of a Buddhist community, or in the workplace, or, alternatively, do home-based or community service.

Right EffortRight Effort means cultivating an enthusiasm, a positive attitude in a balanced way. In order to produce Right Effort, clear and honest thoughts should be welcomed, and feelings of jealousy and anger left behind. Right Effort equates to positive thinking, followed by focused action.Right MindfulnessRight Mindfulness means being aware of the moment, and being focused in that moment. Right Mindfulness asks us to be aware of the journey at that moment, and to be clear and undistracted at that moment. Right Mindfulness is closely linked with meditation and forms the basis of meditation.

Right ConcentrationRight Concentration is turning the mind to focus on an object, such as a flower, or a lit candle, or a concept such as loving compassion. The benefits of Right Mindfulness and Right Concentration are significant as they teach the mind to see things, not as we are conditioned to seeing them, but as they really are.

By being in the moment and being able to concentrate effectively, a sense of joy in the moment is felt. . ,

Release from the control of past pains and future mind games takes us closer to freedom from suffering.

The Three Characteristics of ExistenceSuffering

As defined before, comes from life, as sickness, loneliness, old age, or just a general feeling of life not being what it should.

Impermanence

We wish life to be permanent when all existence is impermanent, everything is subject to continuous change. Birth and death are part of that process of change.

No Unique Self

Each self has no fixed reality, but is a constantly changing self and dependant on changing conditions.While we are not permanent and fixed entities, we are certainly part of the on-going reality.

Each self has no fixed reality, but is a constantly changing self and dependant on changing conditions.While we are not permanent and fixed entities, we are certainly part of the on-going reality.

22Dependant OriginationDependant Origination is also called the law of causality and was the other main revelation which came to Buddha at his enlightenment. In this teaching, he says that nothing exists on its own, but always has come from earlier circumstances.

The Buddha said that to become enlightened, you need only to understand The Four Noble Truths and Dependant Origination.

23Continuation . . . Everything is always a consequence of something before, that is, the origin of everything is not unique, and it is dependent on a particular set of circumstances having happened.

In essence, the Buddha did not see a separate and benevolent creator who could act on our behalf. He saw the interdependence of all life and the cause and effect of actions which create their own future.

This is why Buddhism, at its inception, was more of a way of life than a religion. Certainly, now it is accepted as a religion by many followers who seek divine guidance from the Buddha nature.

24KARMA AND INTENTION"What we are today comes from our thoughts of yesterday, and our present thoughts build our life of tomorrow. Our life is the creation of our mind".Karma means intended action, and is a dynamic concept. It is not fate or predestination, but a consequence of what has gone before.

Intention is a major part of Karma!Rebirth and NIRVANAThe Concept of RebirthBuddhists understand life as samsara, meaning perpetual wandering, and describe the transition like a billiard ball hitting another billiard ball.

Rebirth is different from Reincarnation.Reincarnation implies the transfer of an essence, or a soul, while Rebirth follows the law of causality, or dependant origination, where this arises because of circumstances which happened before.

NIRVANAGoalA primary aim of Buddhism is to break free of the wheel of samsara, and to reach a new level called Nirvana.MisconceptionThose in the West recognise the term as meaning Heaven, or a Heaven on Earth, or perhaps a famous rock band.TruthNirvana literally means extinguishing or unbinding. The implication is that it is freedom from whatever binds you, from the burning passion of desire, jealousy, and ignorance. The Buddha described Nirvana as the ultimate goal, and he reached that state during his enlightenment. At this point, he chose to teach others so that they might also experience this realisation, and so when he died, forty-five years later, he then passed through pari nirvana, meaning completed nirvana.29

BUDDHISM: PHILOSOPHY OR RELIGION?Buddhism is a philosophy, a moral code, and, for some a religious faith which originated 2,500 years ago in India. It offers a diagnosis of the suffering of mankind and provides a formula for individuals to resolve that suffering.

It is more of a way of life than a religion.Peace comes from within. Do not seek it without.-Buddha

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