Blueprint for Sustainable Consumption and Production

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  1. 1. Blueprint for European Sustainable Consumption and ProductionANEC Environment Working Group meeting 24-25 November 2009 Doreen FedrigoEU Policy Unit Coordinator
  2. 2. Outline EEB who we are Blueprint for European SustainableConsumption and Production Roadmap forward European Environmental Bureau Bureau Europen de lEnvironnement
  3. 3. EEB who we are Created in 1974 to represent itsmembers interests to the EUinstitutions,and to help them monitor and respond to EU policies LargestEuropean federation of environmental citizens organisations > 145 member organisations in > 30 countries Aim to protect and improve theenvironment of Europe and to enablethecitizens of Europe to play their role in achieving this goal Topical policy work: e.g. Air,Biodiversity, Chemicals, Noise, Products, Waste, Water, etc. Horizontal issues: SustainableDevelopment, 6th Environmental Action Programme, SCP Governance(democracy and public participation): Aarhus Convention European Environmental Bureau Enforcement Bureau Europen de lEnvironnement(= implementation and application of EU legislation)
  4. 4. Why the Blueprint? SCP mentioned since Rio (1992) but with littlepolitical attention Formal SCP agendas developed in EU countriesso far often suggest convenient truths Focus on marginal changes and/or technicalprogress Sustainable development since 1987, butindicators show overall were heading in thewrong direction Social, environmental and economic crisesillustrate problems of the concept of limitlessgrowth on a finite planet 20th century expansion approach is no longeracceptable or possible SCP policies have not yet addressed this reality Collaboration between environmental and socialNGOs and the research community (products,sustainable consumption)European Environmental BureauBureau Europen de lEnvironnement
  5. 5. Goals for change transition to living better, equally, within limits Peak Oil, climate change, finiteresources Peak Everything From expansion to contractionand simplification Will societies contract and simplifyintelligently or in an uncontrolled,chaotic fashion ? Planned, intelligent change requiresa sustainability transition approach European Environmental Bureau Bureau Europen de lEnvironnement
  6. 6. Goals for change A sustainability transition approach One Planet Living From lower to low or noenvironmental impact Focus on well-being, dignity andequality, enabling engagement inshaping society Quality not quantity, especially ineconomics Serious need for political leadership Societal, collective action Development of a sustainableconsumption agenda Innovation is social too, not justtechnological European Environmental Bureau Bureau Europen de lEnvironnement
  7. 7. A vision on change Type of change Living within limits Food & drink/agriculture Transportation and tourism Housing (including energy-using products) Shaping a sustainable society, not asustainable consumer Addressing the public as citizens insociety, not simply as consumers Addressing production andconsumption Creating the systems that lead tosustainable behaviourEuropean Environmental BureauBureau Europen de lEnvironnement
  8. 8. A vision on change Finding the path forward Characteristics of change to SCP Beyond marginal adaptations andtechnical fixesIn part fundamental adaptationof structures and paradigms. and high complexity anduncertainty due to long timeframes Hence a program of 3 blocks:A. Establish a basic institutionalframeworkB. Lead change that can be realisedwithin existing structuresC. Develop inspiring approachestowards change still resisted now
  9. 9. Block A: Establish a basic institutionalframework Develop policy frameworks covering EU, Member all the belowstatesHandle SCP at strategic levels inEU, Member government statesDevelop monitoring systems for SCP EEA, Eurostat Transform UN Resource Panel into an EU, UN IPCC for SCPFacilitate networking and access EU, Member to resources and knowledge states
  10. 10. Block B: Lead change that can be realisednow Characteristics (Political/scientific) consensus onproblems and solutions Measures legitimised by prevailingparadigms, public expectations, or(multiple) crises Examples include goals reflected bythe UN Global Compact andMillennium Development Goals Courageous, inspiring political andbusiness leadership still required Always some resistance Usually due to affected interests Subdivided into Driver oriented Policy Business Consumers Society in general/Green new deal Consumption area oriented
  11. 11. Block B: Lead change that can be realised now driver oriented (1) Policy-driven: maximise use of instrumentsalong the production-consumption chain Setting emission and resource use caps,standards and charges, energy performancetargets Shifting taxes from labour to resources Limiting advertising Scaling up sustainable procurement Abolishing perverse subsidies and fair taxation Enforcement of UN agreements on HumanRights and ILO standards Articulating sustainable industrial policy Articulating sustainable innovation beyondlower environmental impact
  12. 12. Block B: Lead change that can be realisednow driver oriented (2) Business-driven: maximise implementation of initiatives upstream CSR, sustainable private procurement Company level integration of sustainability (social too)into decision-making, ecodesign and innovation, investingin more radical sustainable innovation, informationprovision on products/services impacts Downstream information provision, choice editing,coherence between product performance and marketing/comms, business models Consumer-oriented: maximise (opportunities for) sustainableconsumption political consumerism pressure on companies andgovernments Awareness-raising campaigns for consumer-citizens Educational programmes for consumer-citizens Infrastructure supportive to sustainable consumption Society-oriented: Develop more equal societies (re)distribution systems,structures for societal engagement, ensuring basic needscan be met while respecting diversity Economic recovery or stimulus packages to becomeeconomic transition packages
  13. 13. Block B: Lead change that can be realisednow consumption area oriented Built environment and housing: performance standards, retrofitting for sustainability, zero-energy housing, resource useimplications via sustainable land-use /planning, sustainable building objectives Electronic products: progressive energy performance targetsand benchmarks Mobility / tourism: emissions and energy performance targets, fuel taxes, road pricing, Etc. Food & drink/agriculture: sustainable farming with organic as startingpoint low environmental impact diets
  14. 14. Block C: Develop inspiring approaches towards change still resisted now (1) What is the problem?Fundamental, paradigmaticcontroversies about the wayforwardLack of knowledge about theway forwardWe need hence process-oriented approachesenhancing legitimacy andreducing uncertainty on long-term changeWhat strategies can be effective?1. Provide inspiring, practicalexamples of radical change2. Provide convincing evidencewhere change is mostneeded, and how it can beorganised3. Organise a process ofdeliberation, learning andanalysis on pieces deresistance
  15. 15. Block C: Develop inspiring approaches towards change still resisted now (2) Provide practical, inspiringexamples Powerful way to break deadlocks due to opposing views and uncertainty about how to realise change Show what is possible, create legitimacy for institutionalisation of measures that mainstream Usually bottom-up Lead role for CSOs, front runnerbusinesses, and government WWFs One Planet Futures programme Movements such as Transition Towns, Slow (Food, Cities, etc) Covenant of Mayors Individuals walking the talk, e.g. the low impact man
  16. 16. Block C: Develop inspiring approaches towards change still resisted now (2) Provide convincing evidence Reduces uncertainty Provides legitimisation Lead role for EU/UN, CSOsand think tanks Assessing environmental and resource limits (IPCC for SCP) Develop indicative roadmaps on change in key consumption domains Perform paradigm challenging research new economic foundationsHappy Planet Index, National Accounts of Well-being; UK SDCs ProsperityWithout Growth, RedefiningProsperity
  17. 17. Block C: Develop inspiring approachestowards change still resisted now (3) Informed deliberation on leading examples Complement of former point Creates a joint search process reducing uncertainty and creating legitimacy for change Bring insight into how change can be organised in a credible way Thinking outside the box Lead role for CSOs, EU, Member states and front runner businesses EU Beyond GDP conference Science/CSO lead Degrowth conference Sarkozys Stiglitz Commission on new metrics for prosperity
  18. 18. Roadmap forward (1) A clear transition based on 21st century realities climate change, biodiversity loss, water, naturalresources, etc From weakened positioning on environmentalprotection to clearer and more central role forenvironmental sustainability from pillars toconcentric circles paradigm shift in approach limits, from lower tolow or no, etc European Project needs EU, national and publicsupport Recognise tension between economic/green growthand SD/SCP -> Beyond GDP; wellbeing/prosperity,not just growthEuropean Environmental BureauBureau Europen de lEnvironnement
  19. 19. Roadmap forward (2) SCP is not just another challenge of SD, it is anunderpinning objective reposition SCP Develop a sustainable consumption agenda positive,well-being, engaging; not negative, doom, fear Focus on big impact areas: transport (and tourism),housing (and electronic products) and food & drink/agriculture Slow things first infrastructure


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