Biodiversity and Waste disposal. Waste Disposal in Egypt Egypt’s waste production The problem of the black cloud The predicted waste amount of Egypt’s

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Biodiversity and Waste disposal </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Waste Disposal in Egypt Egypts waste production The problem of the black cloud The predicted waste amount of Egypts population </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Types of wastes - Main types of wastes which include Solid and Liquid wastes. According to Toxicity wastes may be Of no danger of environmental Pollution Not toxic or hazardous in unmodified form Inherently toxic or hazardous Some wastes are more harmful because they contain heavy metals </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Wadi Digla Protected Area Wadi Digla was declared as a Protected Area in 1999, with an area of 60 km 2. It is desert land located 10 km away from Cairo. -Over 75 wild flowering plants have been recorded. -At least 20 species of reptiles are known from Wadi Degla. -At least 12 species of birds typical of the Eastern Desert have been found. Biodiversity </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> The current situation in the wadi Wadi Digla and the problem of waste disposal </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Waste disposal and recycling impact on ecosystems </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Importance of Caper Plant Environmental importance Culinary Uses Medicinal Uses Caper (Capparis spinosa L.) Family: Capparidaceae. Common names: Arabic: English: caper, caperberry, caperbush Origin Ecology and Habit </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Caper and the problem of waste disposal Disposal of plastic wastes in the wadi Accumulation of plastic bags over and around caper bushes Decay of plastic and precipitation of heavy metals in soil Absorption of heavy metals from soil by the plant root system Plant eaten by animals or man, or used by Bedouin for treatment of rheumatoid Heavy metals cause toxicity, cancer and death to man </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Effect of waste disposal on tourism Conclusion, goals and suggested solutions The first goal is to eliminate all the accumulated wastes from the protectorate. The second goal is to move the recycling activity based within or near the protectorate to another area. The third goal is to encourage local people, NGOs and students to visit the wadi and help to remove the wastes. The Cairo Governorate should take positive steps to achieve three main goals: </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> What can we do Reduce use of plastic bags and bottles Separate plastic waste at home Recycle plastic bags and bottles </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Thank you for listening </li> </ul>