bhel haridwar summer training report 2014 (by...jaat)
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INDUSTRIAL TRAINING REPORT
(JUNE JULY 2014)
Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirementsOf the degree ofBachelor of TechnologyInMechanical Engineering
(School of Civil and Mechanical Engineering)GALGOTIAS UNIVERSITYGREATER NOIDA2011-2015
An engineer with only theoretical knowledge is not a completeEngineer. Practical knowledge is very important to develop and apply engineering skills. It gives me a great pleasure to have an opportunity to acknowledge and to express gratitude to those who were associated with me during my training at BHEL.I am very grateful to Mr. JAIKESH SINGH for providing me with an opportunity to undergo training under his able guidance.Furthermore, special thanks to Mr. Raj Singh for his help and support in Haridwar. Last, but not the least, I would also like to acknowledge the support of my college friends, who pursued their training with me. We shared some unforgettable moments together.I express my sincere thanks and gratitude to BHEL authorities for allowing me to undergo the training in this prestigious organization. I will always remain indebted to them for their constant interest and excellent guidance in my training work, moreover for providing me with an opportunity to work and gain experience.
In the era of Mechanical Engineering, Turbine, A Prime Mover ( Which uses the Raw Energy ofa substance and converts it to Mechanical Energy) is a well known Machine most useful in thethe field of Power Generation. This Mechanical energy is used in running an Electric Generatorwhich is directly coupled to the shaft of turbine. From this Electric Generator, we get electricPower which can be transmitted over long distances by means of transmission lines andtransmission towers.In my Industrial Training in B.H.E.L., Haridwar I go through all sections in TurbineManufacturing. First management team told me about the history of industry, Area, Capacity,Machines installed & Facilities in the Industry.After that they told about the Steam Turbine its types , parts like Blades, Casing, Rotor etc. Thenthey told full explanation of constructional features and procedure along with equipement used.Before telling about the machines used in Manufacturing of Blade, they told about the safetyprecautions, Step by Step arrangement of machines in the block with a well defined properformat. They also told the material of blade for a particular desire, types of Blades, Operationsperformed on Blades, their New Blade Shop less with Advance Technology like CNC ShapingMachine.I would like to express my deep sense of Gratitude and thanks to MR. JAIKESH SINGH in charge of training in Turbine Block in B.H.E.L., Haridwar. Without the wise counsel and ableguidance, it would have been impossible to complete the report in this manner. Finally, I amindebted to all who so ever have contributed in this report and friendly stay at Bharat HeavyElectricals Limited (BHEL).
SR NO TOPICPAGE NO.
4.TYPES OF STEAM TURBINE
BHEL is the largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise in India in the energy related infrastructure sector today. BHEL was established more than 40 years ago when its first plant was setup in Bhopal ushering in the indigenous Heavy Electrical Equipment Industry in India a dream which has been more than realized with a well recognized track record of performance it has been earning profits continuously since1971-72.
BHEL caters to core sectors of the Indian Economy viz., Power Generation's & Transmission, Industry, Transportation, Telecommunication, Renewable Energy, Defense, etc. The wide network of BHEL's 14 manufacturing division, four power Sector regional centers, over 150 project sites, eight service centers and 18 regional offices, enables the Company to promptly serve its customers and provide them with suitable products, systems and services efficiently and at competitive prices. BHEL has already attained ISO 9000 certification for quality management, and ISO 14001certification for environment management. The companys inherent potential coupled with its strong performance make this one of the NAVRATNAS, which is supported by the government in their endeavor to become future global players
B.H.E.L- An Overview
BHEL or the Bharat Heavy Engineering Limited is one of the largest engineering and manufacturing organizations in the country and theBHEL, Haridwar is their gift to Uttaranchal. With two large manufacturing plants, BHEL in Haridwar is among the leading industrial organizations in the state. It has established a Heavy Electrical Equipment Plant or HEEP and a Central Foundry Forge Plant or CFFP in Haridwar.The Heavy Electrical Equipment Plant in Haridwar designs andmanufactures turbo generators, AC and DC motors, gas turbines and huge steams. The Central Foundry Forge Plant in Haridwar deals withsteel castings and manufacturing of steel forgings.The BHEL plants in Haridwar have earned the ISO - 9001 and 9002 certificates for its high quality and maintenance. These two units have also earned the ISO - 14001 certificates. Situate in Ranipur near Haridwar, the Bharat Heavy Engineering Limited employs over 8,000 people.
BHEL is an integrated power plant equipment manufacturer and oneof the largest engineering and manufacturing companies in India in terms of turnover. BHEL was established in 1964, ushering in the indigenous Heavy Electrical Equipment industry in India - a dream that has been more than realized with a well-recognized track record of performance. The company has been earning profits continuously since 1971-72 and paying dividends since 1976-77 .BHEL is engaged in the design, engineering, manufacture, construction, testing, commissioning and servicing of a wide range of products and services for the core sectors of the economy, viz. Power, Transmission, Industry, Transportation, Renewable Energy, Oil & Gas and Defence. BHEL has 15 manufacturing divisions, two repair units, four regional offices, eight service centres, eight overseas offices and15 regional centres and currently operate at more than 150 project
sites across India and abroad. BHEL places strong emphasis oninnovation and creative development of new technologies. Ourresearch and development (R&D) efforts are aimed not only atimproving the performance and efficiency of our existing products,but also at using state-of-the-art technologies and processes todevelop new products. This enables us to have a strong customerorientation, to be sensitive to their needs and respond quickly to the changes in the market.The high level of quality & reliability of our products is due toadherence to international standards by acquiring and adapting some of the best technologies from leading companies in the world including General Electric Company, Alstom SA, Siemens AG and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., together with technologies developed in our own R&D centres. Most of our manufacturing units and other entities have been accredited to Quality Management Systems (ISO 9001:2008), Environmental Management Systems (ISO 14001:2004) and Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems (OHSAS 18001:2007).
BHEL has a share of around 59% in India's total installed generating capacity contributing 69% (approx.) to the total power generated fromutility sets (excluding non-conventional capacity) as of March 31, 2012. We have been exporting our power and industry segment products and services for approximately 40 years. We have exported our products and services to more than 70 countries. We had cumulatively installed capacity of over 8,500 MW outside of India in 21 countries, including Malaysia, Iraq, the UAE, Egypt and New Zealand. Our physical exports range from turnkey projects to after sales services.
BHEL work with a vision of becoming a world-class engineeringenterprise, committed to enhancing stakeholder value.Our greatest strength is our highly skilled and committed workforce of over 49,000 employees. Every employee is given an equal opportunity to develop himself and grow in his career. Continuous training and retraining, career planning, a positive work culture and participative style of management - all these have engendered development of a committed and motivated workforce setting new benchmarks in terms of productivity, quality and responsiveness.
A steam turbine is a mechanical device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam, and converts it into rotary motion.Its modern manifestation was invented by Sir Charles Parsons in 1884. It has almost completely replaced the reciprocating piston steam engine primarily because of its greater thermal efficiency and higher power-to-weight ratio. Because the turbine generates rotary motion, it is particularly suited to be used to drive an electrical generator about80% of all electricity generation in the world is by use of steamturbines. The steam turbine is a form of heat engine that derives much of its improvement in thermodynamic efficiency through the use of multiple stages in the expansion of the steam, which results in