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  • 02 2017 BfR ConsumerMONITOR

  • Imprint BfR Consumer Monitor 02 | 2017

    Publisher: German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) Max-Dohrn-Straße 8–10 10589 Berlin bfr@bfr.bund.de www.bfr.bund.de/en Photo: Choreograph/Fotolia Layout/Realisation: tangram documents GmbH, Rostock Print: Druck- und Verlagshaus Zarbock GmbH & Co. KG, Frankfurt am Main Translation: ABC Sprachschule und Übersetzungsbüro, Niederkassel-Mondorf

    Use of the results published here is possible with mention of the source “BfR Consumer Monitor 02 | 2017”. This text version is a translation of the original German text which is the only legally binding version.

    ISBN 978-3-943963-53-3

    http://www.bfr.bund.de/en

  • 3BfR Consumer Monitor | February 2017

    Introduction

    The BfR Consumer Monitor is a major instrument of consumer health protection, providing answers every six months to the question of how the general public perceives topics from the field of consumer health protection on the basis of a representative population survey. Which topics are important in the view of the consumer? Which topics are they familiar with and what don’t they know so much about? And above all – to what extent do differenc- es exist between the public perception and scientific estimation of health risks?

    In this first survey of 2017, it can be seen that – as in previous years – consumers regard smoking, climate and environmental contamination, unhealthy or wrong eating habits and alcohol as the biggest health risks. Huge differences can again be seen where the level of awareness of health and consumer topics is concerned. The vast majority of the population is aware of ge-

    netically modified foods, antibiotic resistance, food fraud and res- idues of plant protection products in food. There has also been a sharp increase with regard to glyphosate in food compared to last year’s survey, with a slim majority of respondents now being aware of the topic. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in herbal teas and teas are still relatively unknown, as is genome editing, which ranks last in the awareness scale surveyed here.

    If you want to find out more about any of these topics, you will find links to more detailed information on the BfR website on the last page of this booklet.

  • BfR Consumer Monitor | February 20174

    >>Which topics do you personally regard as the biggest health risks for consumers? You can state a maximum of three topics.

  • 5BfR Consumer Monitor | February 2017

    Health Risks for Consumers

    Spontaneous mentions Shown: Mentions ≥ 5 % (multiple mentions possible)

    (+1)

    (–2)

    (–3)

    (+2)

    (–2)

    (+5)

    (+1)

    (+3)

    (+2)

    (+1)

    (+4)

    Basis: 1,023; figures given as percentages (compared to 2016: percentage points)

    0 64

    Don't know, no answer

    Drug consumption

    Lack of exercise

    Problems caused by agriculture

    Unhealthy/contaminated foods

    Alcohol

    Unhealthy/wrong diet

    Climate/environmental pollution

    Smoking

    Political/economic interest

    Genetic engineering/modification

    19 17

    14 14

    9 9

    7 7

    6 6

    28

    Compared to 2016

  • BfR Consumer Monitor | February 20176

    >>Have you already heard about the following health and consumer topics or have you never heard of them?

  • 7BfR Consumer Monitor | February 2017

    Awareness of Health and Consumer Topics

    Basis: 1,023; figures given as percentages (compared to 2016 refers to „already heard about“: percentage points); * not asked in 2016; 1 Wording in 2016: Plant protection product residues in fruit and vegetables; 2 Wording in 2016: Glyphosate

    1

    1

    Yes, I've already heard about them Don't know, no answerNo, I've never heard of them

    (*) (+1) (*)

    (–6)1

    (*) (+7) (*)

    (+32)2

    (*) (+6) (*)

    Genetically modified foods

    Genome editing Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in herbal teas and teas

    Acrylamide in food Glyphosate in food2 Mineral oils in food

    Microplastics in food Pathogens/bacteria in raw sausage products

    Residues of plant protection products in food1 Food adulteration, food fraud

    0 64

    Antimicrobial resistance 93

    88 83 82

    74 70

    68 54

    49 34

    14

    6 11 17 17 26 30

    31 44 50 66 84

    Compared to 2016

  • BfR Consumer Monitor | February 20178

    >>To what extent are you personally concerned or unconcerned about the following food safety topics? Please use a scale of 1 to 5 for your answer, with 1 representing “not concerned” and 5 representing “concerned”. You can graduate your opinion with the values in between.

  • 9BfR Consumer Monitor | February 2017

    Concern About Food Safety Topics

    Shown: Percentage “concerned” (4 + 5 on the scale) Basis: 1,023; figures given as percentages (compared to 2016: percentage points); * not asked in 2016

    0 64

    Antimicrobial resistance Genetically modified foods

    Residues of plant protection products in food Food adulteration, food fraud

    Microplastics in food Food additives

    Mineral oils in food Pathogens/bacteria in raw sausage products

    Health risks of dietary supplements Food hygiene in gastronomy

    Glyphosate in food Acrylamide in food

    Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in herbal teas and teas Food hygiene at home

    Genome editing

    59 56

    52

    49 44

    42 39

    36 34 34

    32 20

    16 13

    7

    (–7) (–7) (–8) (*)

    (–8) (*) (*) (*) (*)

    (–5) (+4) (*)

    (–12) (+3) (*)

    Compared to 2016

  • BfR Consumer Monitor | February 201710

    >>Which of the following three statements on consumer health protection would you tend to agree with most?

  • 11BfR Consumer Monitor | February 2017

    Consumer health protection

    55

    121

    33

    (±0)

    (+1)

    (±0)

    (±0)

    Basis: 1,023; figures given as percentages (compared to 2016: percentage points)

    I assume that I can assess health risks by myself and do not need any state institutions for this.

    The state should provide scientifically validated information on the basis of which I can protect myself against health risks.

    The state should take more concrete measures such as bans and restrictions to protect me as a consumer from health risks.

    Don't know, no answer

    Compared to 2016

  • BfR Consumer Monitor | February 201712

    >>Are the quality and safety of our foods increasing, decreasing or staying the same?

  • 13BfR Consumer Monitor | February 2017

    Changes in the Quality and Safety of Foods

    2

    34

    18

    46

    Slight increase

    Remain the same

    Slight decrease

    Don't know, no answer

    Basis: 1,023; figures given as percentages

  • BfR Consumer Monitor | February 201714

    >>And how do you estimate in general the safety of the following products which you can buy in Germany?

  • 15BfR Consumer Monitor | February 2017

    Safety of products offered for sale in Germany

    Cosmetics

    Toys

    Textiles

    0 64

    Percentages “Unsafe” + “More unsafe than safe”

    3

    (+1)

    (+4)

    (–5)

    9 39 26 22

    48

    13 34 24 22 7

    12

    47

    9 29 28 22

    38

    Compared to 2016

    Basis: 1,023; figures given as percentages (compared to 2016: percentage points)

    Unsafe More unsafe than safe Don't know, no answerMore safe than unsafe Safe

  • BfR Consumer Monitor | February 201716

    >>To what extent do you trust that state authorities in Germany protect the health of consumers?

  • 17BfR Consumer Monitor | February 2017

    Trust in state authorities to protect health

    10

    34

    17

    39

    I trust them

    I tend to trust them

    I tend to distrust them

    I don't trust them

    Don't know, no answer

    Percentages “I trust them” + “I tend to trust them”

    51

    Compared to 2016

    (+2)

    (–5)

    (+1)

    (+3)

    (±0)

    (–3)

    Basis: 1,023; figures given as percentages (compared to 2016: percentage points)

    1

  • BfR Consumer Monitor | February 201718

    How were the data collected?

    Date of the survey: 31 January to 2 February 2017 Random sample: 1,023 Presentation of results: All figures in percent, rounding differences possible Population: German-speaking population aged 14 years and over in private households in the

    Federal Republic of Germany Sampling: Samples drawn at random from land line and mobile telephone numbers which can

    also include telephone numbers not listed in directories (in line with standards set by the Association of German Market Research Institutes – ADM)

    Methode: Telephone interview (CATI omnibus survey, Dual Frame) Conducted by: KANTAR EMNID Previous study: BfR Consumer Monitor 02 | 2016

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