Bengaluru Commuter Rail - Promise of Growth Beyond Bengaluru

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A comprehensive analysis of Technical, Sociol and Economic benefits of 'Bengaluru Suburban/Commuter Rail Services'.

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<ul><li><p>BENGALURU COMMUTER RAIL SERVICE </p><p>Compiled By </p><p>Khader Basha Syed </p><p>Praja RAAG (Research, Analysis and Advocacy Group) www.praja.in </p><p>NAMMA RAILU </p></li><li><p>Bengaluru Commuter Rail Service The Promise of growth beyond Bengaluru </p><p>1 </p></li><li><p>Bengaluru Commuter Rail Service The Promise of growth beyond Bengaluru </p><p>2 </p><p>Contents PREFACE ........................................................................................................ 4 </p><p>ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS .................................................................................... 5 </p><p>1 Introduction .............................................................................................. 6 </p><p>1.1 The Need ............................................................................................ 6 </p><p>1.2 Growth Center paradigm .................................................................. 7 </p><p>2 Namma Railu - The Proposal by Praja-RAAG ................................................. 9 </p><p>2.1 Background ......................................................................................... 9 </p><p>2.2 Namma Railu - What is it?................................................................... 10 </p><p>2.3 Growth centers .................................................................................. 10 </p><p>2.4 Catchments ....................................................................................... 11 </p><p>2.5 Blue Print of Namma Railu .................................................................. 12 </p><p>2.5.1 Routes ........................................................................................ 12 </p><p>2.5.2 Upgraded stations and trains ......................................................... 12 </p><p>2.5.3 Basic Commuter Amenities ............................................................ 13 </p><p>2.5.4 Information Systems .................................................................... 14 </p><p>2.5.5 Bulk Goods Transportation Facilities ................................................ 14 </p><p>2.5.6 New services &amp; increased frequency ............................................... 14 </p><p>2.5.7 New Signaling system ................................................................... 14 </p><p>2.5.8 Enhance Hubs .............................................................................. 15 </p><p>2.5.9 New identified stations on all routes ............................................... 16 </p><p>2.5.10 Integration with Other PT Modes .................................................... 17 </p><p>2.5.11 Last mile connectivity to stations .................................................... 18 </p><p>2.5.12 Enhance accessibility to stations ..................................................... 18 </p><p>3 2012 RITES Report - A Techno-Feasibility Report......................................... 20 </p><p>3.1 Leveraging the strength of Indian Railways ........................................... 20 </p><p>3.2 CRS and Its importance for Bengaluru .................................................. 20 </p><p>Source 2012 RITES Report ....................................................................... 21 </p><p>3.3 CRS Demand and Supply Assessment ................................................... 21 </p><p>3.4 CRS Implementation Infrastructure Development ................................ 22 </p><p>3.4.1 Terminal Enhancements ................................................................ 22 </p><p>3.4.2 Sectional Enhancements ............................................................... 24 </p><p>3.4.3 Automatic Signaling ...................................................................... 24 </p><p>3.4.4 Electrification, Doubling and Quadrupling ........................................ 24 </p><p>3.4.5 Station Enhancements .................................................................. 24 </p></li><li><p>Bengaluru Commuter Rail Service The Promise of growth beyond Bengaluru </p><p>3 </p><p>3.4.6 Rakes for Commuter Rail Service ................................................... 25 </p><p>3.4.7 ROBs / RUBs ................................................................................ 25 </p><p>3.5 Challenges The Land ........................................................................ 25 </p><p>4 Socio-Political Considerations .................................................................... 26 </p><p>4.1 Moving growth beyond Bengaluru ........................................................ 26 </p><p>4.2 Reach and its coverage ....................................................................... 26 </p><p>4.3 Profile of the Benefiting Population ....................................................... 27 </p><p>4.4 Comparison with similar mass transit systems ....................................... 28 </p><p>4.5 Social, Economic Empowerment ........................................................... 29 </p><p>4.5.1 Social Empowerment .................................................................... 29 </p><p>4.5.2 Scope for Poverty Alleviation ......................................................... 30 </p><p>4.5.3 Economic Empowerment ............................................................... 30 </p><p>4.6 Impact of affordable daily commute service .......................................... 31 </p><p>4.7 Decongestion and Fuel Cost Savings .................................................... 31 </p><p>5 Economics and Return on Investment ........................................................ 33 </p><p>5.1 Cost of building Namma Railu .............................................................. 33 </p><p>5.2 Cost comparison with Bangalore Metro Rail ........................................... 34 </p><p>5.3 Outcome of 8000 Crores Investment .................................................... 35 </p><p>5.4 Return on Investment ........................................................................ 35 </p><p>5.5 Employment generation in construction, operations of CRS ..................... 35 </p><p>5.6 Economic growth in adjacent towns ...................................................... 35 </p><p>5.7 Scope for upward mobility of poor and economic weaker sections ............ 36 </p><p>6 Highlights ............................................................................................... 37 </p><p>7 Appendix A: The train ride that turned an eye opener ............................... 38 </p><p>8 Appendix B: Proposed CRS Stops/Halts ................................................... 39 </p><p>9 Appendix C: Operational Cost &amp; Profitability ............................................. 41 </p><p>Glossary ...................................................................................................... 43 </p><p>References ................................................................................................... 44 </p><p>Namma Railu Network Map ............................................................................ 45 </p></li><li><p>Bengaluru Commuter Rail Service The Promise of growth beyond Bengaluru </p><p>4 </p><p>PREFACE </p><p>Since the release of Praja-RAAGs Call to Action Report on Commuter Rail Service </p><p>for Bengaluru in August 2010, there have been several developments on its </p><p>advocacy campaign front. The campaign for Commuter Rail Service in Bengaluru, </p><p>aka, Namma Railu, has been enriched with continuous discussions on its importance, </p><p>socio-politico-economic analysis and regular coverage in the media. In July 2012, </p><p>RITES submitted its 2012 RITES report on Implementation of Commuter Rail </p><p>Service in Bengaluru, endorsing the need and demand of citizens groups for </p><p>commuter rail service in the city. This was followed by several high level interactions </p><p>among the urban development departments of Karnataka Government to consider </p><p>the proposal and accord the necessary approvals at state government level. </p><p>On March 19th, 2013, in a special cabinet meeting, the state government of </p><p>Karnataka has given the in- principle approval to the Namma Railu Proposal. Post </p><p>assembly elections, we should see some positive movement on this front. The work </p><p>is not done yet. This is only a beginning and there are many more hurdles to be </p><p>cleared before the project is finally flagged off. </p><p>Given the work ahead, awareness campaign that is needed for getting approvals </p><p>from Railways and Union Government, it was felt necessary to collate all the </p><p>information on Namma Railu and compile it in one report for easy understanding of </p><p>all aspects of it. It was felt necessary to compile this report for distribution among </p><p>all the stake holders in the state government as well as at the central government </p><p>level especially among MLAs, MPs, urban planners, bureaucrats and political </p><p>establishments. </p><p>This report is a compilation of highlights of Prajas Call to Action Report on </p><p>Bangalore CRS, 2012 RITES Report and Socio-Economic benefit discussions on the </p><p>Praja.in portal. </p><p>It is our hope that readers of this report will be able to easily grasp the information </p><p>presented and be able to relate to the citizens demand for Namma Railu service in </p><p>Bengaluru. </p><p>Looking forward to the sight of Namma Railu trains chugging along the horizons of </p><p>the Bengaluru city soon. </p></li><li><p>Bengaluru Commuter Rail Service The Promise of growth beyond Bengaluru </p><p>5 </p><p>ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS </p><p>This report has been inspired by the outcome of relentless efforts of many </p><p>individuals, entities, NGOs, Civil Society members and the government officials in </p><p>pursuing the proposal for Commuter Rail Service in Bengaluru. </p><p>The progress that this citizen campaign has made would not have been possible </p><p>without the support of Tumkur MP Shri. Basavaraj and Prof. Rajeev Gowda. Their </p><p>support is still continuing. </p><p>A special gratitude is due to Dr. T. G. Sitharam, Chairman, Centre for infrastructure, </p><p>Sustainable Transport and Urban Planning (CiSTUP) and his team for lending the </p><p>support and persuading the government agencies to take up this proposal for </p><p>consideration in recent years. </p><p>Special thanks to Smt. V. Manjula, Commissioner, Directorate of Urban Land </p><p>Transport (DULT), Karnataka, for taking keen interest in the CRS proposal and </p><p>taking up with the higher authorities under which DULT functions. </p><p>Thanks to Senior IAS officer Shri. V Madhu, Former Principal Secretary IDD, </p><p>Government of Karnataka, for his inspiration to take up this challenge under aegis of </p><p>Praja banner. </p><p>Heartfelt thanks to all the news media and their journalists who were very </p><p>considerate in carrying the news and information related to CRS campaign regularly </p><p>in their daily/weekly news editions. </p><p>Thanks to all the individuals and groups who have directly or indirectly supported </p><p>the campaign in different capacities. </p><p>The campaign for Namma Railu, aka Commuter Rail Service for Bengaluru, would </p><p>not have been possible without the Praja.in online debates and discussion on the </p><p>subject. </p><p>Last but not the least, special gratitude goes to Praja-RAAG members, who were </p><p>instrumental in pursuing the Namma Railu campaign vigorously; the campaign is </p><p>continuing. The relentless efforts of Praja-RAAG members Pranav Jha, Muralidhar </p><p>Rao, Ravi D, Sathya Sanakaran, Sanjeev Dyamannavar, Srinidhi, Capt. Naveen </p><p>Chnadra, Vaishnovi Manjari, Hemanth Kumar, Deepak Vijayvergiy and Dr. Sanjay </p><p>Vijayraghavan - remain a testimony to the brilliant work of civic activism currently. </p></li><li><p>Bengaluru Commuter Rail Service The Promise of growth beyond Bengaluru </p><p>6 </p><p>1 Introduction </p><p>Provisioning mass transport for the growing economy has never been so much of a </p><p>priority before. With the kind of visibility Bengaluru has in the international arena </p><p>and the role India is going to play globally, it is important for both central and state </p><p>governments to sit up and take note. Ignoring long-term mass transport needs for </p><p>the city can result in grave consequences. The economy of any city thrives on </p><p>availability of good quality labor at affordable cost. Expensive housing and increased </p><p>travel times can result in severe pressures on productivity from human capital. This </p><p>may ultimately lead to flight of capital and hurt the economy with cascading effects. </p><p>Housing has already become unaffordable in Bengaluru for the lower and middle </p><p>classes, which form a major portion of the workforce today and also in the long-term </p><p>future. The industrial towns around Bengaluru are close to existing railway tracks. </p><p>These tracks can be said to lie wasted to some extent since a viable mass transit </p><p>option is not seriously considered. No amount of connectivity within the city will be </p><p>enough if that connectivity is not supplemented by mass transit to these nearby </p><p>industrial towns. The key is thus frequent, low cost connectivity, which can be </p><p>achieved by utilization and enhancement of the existing train tracks between </p><p>Bengaluru and the many growth centers in the suburbs and towns around it. Multiple </p><p>reports over twenty seven (27) years including many RITES survey reports have </p><p>drawn attention to discussed this fact repeatedly , but with little action and follow-</p><p>up. </p><p>1.1 The Need </p><p>Per McKinsey report on Indias urbanization by 2030 will be as follows: </p><p> 590 million people will live in cities, nearly twice the population of US today </p><p> 270 million people will be the net increase of working age population </p><p> 70% of net new employment will be generated in cities </p><p> 91 million households will be middle class, up from 22 million today </p><p> 700-900 million sqm of commercial &amp; residential space needs to be built, </p><p>or a new Chicago every year </p><p> 2.5 billion sqm of roads will have to be paved, 20 times the capacity </p><p>created in the past decade </p><p> 7400 Km of metros &amp; subways will need to be constructed, 20 times the </p><p>capacity added in the past decade </p><p>Bengaluru is a leader in this growth. Per the report, it will have more than 10 million </p><p>people inhabiting it by 2030, of who a majority will be from the middle and lower </p><p>income group. For them, the urban mobility challenge will only increase as the </p><p>working population increases and hence, commute will become a major quality of </p><p>life indicator. </p></li><li><p>Bengaluru Commuter Rail Service The Promise of growth beyond Bengaluru </p><p>7 </p><p>Further, research by Center for Ecological Sciences, IISc, reveals a 76% decline in </p><p>vegetation cover and a 79% decline in water bodies due to the increase in built up </p><p>space in the urban areas of Bengaluru. This implies that any further significant net </p><p>addition within the urban area will result in a decline in standard of living. </p><p>How Bengaluru builds its infrastructure &amp; manages this growth will determine if it </p><p>will continue to lead in taking the country forward or it will become a failure leading </p><p>to urban chaos. </p><p>1.2 Growth Center paradigm CTTP 2007 commissioned by KUIFDC/IDD of GoK had this to say regarding </p><p>Commuter Rail on existing tracks: With the development of the huge Multiple </p><p>Economic Activity Areas like Electronic City, I.T. Parks, Industrial &amp; Commercial </p><p>Areas with consequent job opportunities on the one hand and availability of </p><p>comparatively cheaper accommodation in surrounding towns like Hosur, </p><p>Raman...</p></li></ul>