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  • 1.Benelli Shotgun Basic M1 Super 90 LETAC Law Enforcement Tactical Concepts

2. Basic Shotgun

  • Time allotted: 24 hours
  • Target group: Basic and In Service Officers
  • Instructors: LETACStaff
  • Method of instruction: Lecture, demonstration, Discussion & Practical exercises

3. Instructional Objectives

  • Instructional Goal:
  • To provide sufficient information and instruction so that the student will be knowledgeable in the safe and effective application of the Benelli shotgun.

4. Instructional Objectives

  • Instructional objectives:
  • At the conclusion of this block of instruction the student will:
  • 1. Identify the components of shotgun - Benellispecifically.
  • 2. List the 4 firearms safety rules
  • 3. Demonstrate the disassembly / reassembly and function check
  • 4. Identify the 6 shotgun firing positions
  • 5. Identify the difference between cover and concealment
  • 6. List the 3 main causes of shotgun malfunctions
  • 7. Identify the model firearm policy and use of force, as it applies to the shotgun

5. Instructional Objectives

  • Practical Objectives:
  • At the conclusion of this block of instruction the student will demonstrate proficiency in:
  • 1. 6 shotgun-shooting positions
  • 2. Loading and unloading the shotgun
  • 3. Use of cover and concealment
  • 4. Shotgun malfunction clearance
  • 5. Alternative weapon use
  • 6. Engagement of multiple targets
  • 7. Low light shooting
  • 8. Decision shooting
  • 9. Weapon retention
  • 10. Moving Targets
  • 11. Shoot score of 80% or above on the shotgun proficiency course of fire / shot & slug

6. General Information

  • The shotgun in its usual forms comes in (3) types of actions.
  • 1. Slide action / pump
  • 2. Self loader / semi-automatic
  • 3. Hinge action / single or double barrels
  • This course is the Benelli Auto-Loading Shotgun specifically


  • The police shotgun is considered a "triple threat" weapon.
  • As a shotgun using shot-shells
  • As a rifle when using slugs and
  • As a gas launcher in riot control or in tactical situations againstbarricaded criminals.
  • When used as an anti-personnel weapon, the 12-gauge shotgun with buckshot is a sure hitter and an effective man-stopper as compared with the pistol.
  • Atclose rangeno other arm matches its shocking power.
  • In police situations, such as a rapidly moving target, or when there is little time to sight, nor sufficient lighting to sight properly, the shotgun with its high potential shows its superiority.

8. Buck Shot

  • At close range (25') the shot charge of buckshot may smash through the side of a vehicle door.
  • It will penetrate a woodenapartment house door.
  • It will also penetrate the trunk of a vehicle.
  • At six feet the shot charge can tear a lock off of a heavy door, and two more well placed shots at the same distance carry away the hinges and the door itself.
  • The maximum effective range of the riot type shotgun is forty yards.

9. Slugs & Sabots

  • Also utilized by many departments is the rifled or sabot slug.
  • This cartridge contains one projectile weighing 1 oz. And is 70 (slug) caliber.
  • Due to its large size, it has great shocking power.At close range it will penetrate vehicle doors.
  • It is very effective in passing through light barricades.
  • This projectile, due to its lands and groves (or sabot) is very accurate up to 100 yards.

10. Psychological Advantage

  • The shotgun, like the sub-machine gun, has a distinct psychological effect on persons who believe it may be used against them.
  • The muzzle of the shotgun when viewed from the business end resembles theentrance to the Holland tunnel.

11. Operation

  • The Benelli model M1 Super90 auto-loading shotgun features fixed barrel inertia operation using kinetic energy fromgun recoil .
  • This system requires no gas outlet or barrel recoil, but operates by means of by means of a free moving spring between bolt head and bolt.
  • As the gun is fired and recoils, the breech blocks inertia makes it move forward in proportion to the cartridge power, (approximately 0.16).
  • This action compresses the spring. Once the spring is fully compressed it forces the breach block back and the cartridge case to be expelled and another round chambered as in any other auto-loading shotgun.


  • Spring load is calibrated so that the opening of the action is delayed until the shot or slug has left the barrel and so that the different pressures produced by cartridges of varying power can be regulated automatically and without breakage.
  • The inertia system is complemented by a simple and robust revolving bolt head, which provides a positive lock for the breech with only two locking lugs.
  • The loading system features a special cartridge drop lever, the outer portion of which protrudes below the receiver and is thus easily reached by the trigger finger.The end of the cartridge drop lever is marked with a red dot.When the dot is visible the hammer is cocked and the gun is ready to fire.
  • Note:the gases produced by cartridge combustion carry residues which can foul the magazine tube, particularly when the firearm is subjected to: cold or damp conditions, over-lubrication, or use of sub-standard ammunition (cheap, non clean-burning).

13. Shotgun Components

  • Assemblies:
  • 1. Trigger Group Assembly


  • 2. Breech Bolt Assembly


  • 3. Barrel & Receiver Assembly

16. Loading

  • The magazine will hold 6 or 7 cartridges, depending on the cartridge length.
  • Total firing capacity is 7 or 8 rounds, including the one in the chamber.
  • To load, proceed as follows:
  • Point the firearm in a safe direction.
  • Engage the safety, red band will not show.
  • Pull the operating handle fully rearward to check and clear the chamber.Close the bolt.
  • Insert a cartridge under the carrier and into the magazine tube and push it forward with the weak hand thumb until it is retained by the carrier latch.
  • Continue this operation until the magazine is full.

17. Unloading

  • Point the firearm in a safe direction.
  • Engage the safety, red band will not show.
  • Pull the operating handle fully rearward, removing any round from the chamber. Dump any round from the carrier through the port.
  • Return the bolt to the closed position.
  • Overturn the gun and, pushing the carrier down, press the front of the carrier latch with the index finger of your right hand.
  • The cartridges will be released one by one into your hand.The carrier latch must be pressed for each released cartridge.
  • Do not work the cartridges through the gun chamber; this has the potential for an accidental discharge.

18. Safety

  • Firearms safety rules:
  • 1. All guns are always loaded
  • 2. Never point the muzzle at anything that you are not willing to destroy
  • 3. Keep your finger off the trigger until your sight is on the target
  • 4. Be sure of your target and what's beyond

19. Weapon Retention

  • As the attempt to disarm an officer, in and of itself, is not accepted by most courts as sufficient cause for the officer to resort to the use of deadly force, it is necessary for the officer to train in weapon retention.
  • Weapon retention tactics are not guaranteed success in keeping your firearms out of the hands of your opponent; however, a good portion of these tactics will succeed and save you the need to justify your actions to a court.
  • It is just as important to know, you do not have to continue to struggle with your opponent should the tactic fail to effect release (there are individuals with sufficient strength to defeat any tactic).
  • Once you have performed the tactic and release is not successful, you have established sufficient cause to believe your life is in imminent danger and you may engage the opponent with deadly force.


    • The Inverted "J"
    • Lower center by bending at the knees and keeping head overhips.
    • Raise the barrel of the weapon sharply.
    • Force the barrel of the weapon toward the ground (away for the direction of the attack) in the shape of an inverted J".
    • Pull the weapon toward you.
    • Use loud repetitive verbal commands throughout.
    • Repeat technique one or two times if n