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BASICS OF PRODUCTION SYSTEMS. Title: To Study The Pre-Production And Production Systems In Apparel Industry In nahar. By: Shreya Bahl And Ridhi Kapoor. Objectives. To study various production processes involved in an apparel manufacturing organization. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


<p>Garment Production And Machinery Equipments </p> <p>BASICS OF PRODUCTION SYSTEMSBy:Shreya Bahl And Ridhi KapoorTitle: To Study The Pre-Production And Production Systems In Apparel IndustryIn naharObjectivesTo study various production processes involved in an apparel manufacturing organization.Develop an intellect for clothing manufacture technology with regard to fabric cutting.To study the layouts of the fabric, cutting and sewing department and propose the layouts for to utilize the floor space efficiently.</p> <p>ConclusionsLearning of different steps in production related to the pre production and sewing processes. Ample knowledge about managing production for maximum output how to manage the industries how the work floor and the labour were being under used and how they can be put to best use to get maximum output.The project on the whole helped us learn in a practical way how work is done in a garment producing unit and how efficiently can we process the work.</p> <p>Suggestions Changes required in fabric storage area: Division of storage area into-ready to cut area, surplus fabric area, dead stock areaWell maintained fabric under check area. Well maintained components storage area. Change in off loading technique- equal length of bed required to the loading bay. Prevents miss happening and saves manpower.Proper medical chest required.Workers should be should be provided with metal glove while using straight knife. Prevents cut.</p> <p>Project workFabric receivedFabric storedFabric checkingMarker making and GradingCutting SewingPrimary checkingStain removalMending</p> <p>5Fabric receivingReceived from sister concern-DHANDHARI through truck.</p> <p>Offloading-manual-movement through trolleys and bins.</p> <p>Rolls carried through trolleys and entered in register after weighing them, entry as per challan, ticket attached to the roll, carrying roll#, date, DIA, GSM.</p> <p>ROLL.NOG.S.MDIAWEIGHTDATEFABRIC STORAGE- in racks, after weighing, white-out of the poly bag, colored- covered, trims and collars stored seperately.</p> <p>No inspection of fabric, testing for GSM, DIA.3 Fabric cards maintained:-One stored with the department.One sent to buyer.One to supervisor for approval</p> <p>Marker making and gradingMarkers made through CADGRADING- CAD system used.Spreading It is done manually.Continuous ply laying is the method generally used.Cutting DepartmentHand sheers and vertical straight knife usedPlaid fabrics- cut as one ply, require careful cuttingPlain fabric- cut as many plies through vertical straight knifes.</p> <p>For cutting stripers cutting pasted on the patterns for matching garment parts.</p> <p>Fabric board hanged in the cutting room containing all combos which are being cut.</p> <p>Bundles made and sent to sewing department.</p> <p>Sewing departmentIssue to sewing through computers.</p> <p>Straight line system followed.</p> <p>LAYOUT FOR SEWING DEPARTMENT</p> <p>First sent to moon patch attachment.</p> <p>Making and attachment of sleeve tape.Offline operation is followed</p> <p>Then bundles are then issued to sewing hall. 2 people employed for each operation.STEP 1: Placket making-fusing and attachment. First attached to the front, then sent to fusing. Then stitched</p> <p>STEP 2: Placket box makingIt is done after making the placket to give a better finish.</p> <p>STEP3: Shoulder attachment with overlock machine.</p> <p>STEP4: Collar making</p> <p>STEP5: Side slit making with SNLS machine.</p> <p>STEP6:Hamming with folding machine </p> <p>STEP7: Button hole and button stitch</p> <p>First marking with white Button holes madepencil and marking card. With button hole machine.</p> <p>Button stitchMarking with mark card and white pencil on placket.</p> <p>Marking on placket for Buttons attached withButtons. Placket divided button stitch machine. in 6 halves.</p> <p>Step7: Primary checking</p> <p>Manually, removal of threads and checking for skips in knit or any other kind of holes or cuts or any default in sewing.</p> <p>STEP8: Stain removalWith guns, using benzene solution</p> <p>STEP9: MendingManually with needle</p> <p>Layout for fabric storageLayout for fabric storageActual layout</p> <p>Proposed layout </p> <p>Layout for cutting room</p> <p>Actual layout Proposed layout</p> <p>Thank you</p>