basic photography workshop

Download Basic Photography Workshop

Post on 06-Nov-2015

27 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Credit : Chevron Photography ClubMerupakan Presentasi Pengenalan Dasar Fotografi dimana pembaca bisa mengenal tentang komponen dalam membuat sebuah fotografi mulai dari penjalasan Kamera, Pencahayaan, Shutter, Cara memfoto yang benar, dll.

TRANSCRIPT

CPC Goes to School

Basic Photography Workshop CPC Goes to School Duri, 19 February 2015Chevron Photography Club Duri in collaboration with SMU Cendana & SMU IT Mutiara Photography Club

Basic Photography

What is PhotographyExposure TheoryPhotography EquipmentHow to Get a Proper Camera SettingBasic Composition

Workshop OutlineWhat is PhotographyPhoto = lightGraphine = drawingThe art or practice of taking and processing photographs Landscape ModelingFashion Human InterestJournalisticWeddingMacroStreetEtc.

How to Get Started in PhotographyDevelop or have a desire to learn the art of digital photographyGet equipmentLearn about your equipmentLearn about photographyGet out and take picturesLearn how to use post-processing programsSign up for a free photo sharing siteDownload photography podcasts

A key element in digital photography is obtaining a correct exposure

Exposure is the amount of light reaching a photographic media (sensor)Shutter Speed the amount of time that the shutter is openAperture the size of the opening in the lens when a picture is takenISO the measure of a digital camera sensors sensitivity to light

Exposure Theory

Exposure TheoryExposure TheoryShutter SpeedThe amount of time for which the camera shutter remains open

Exposure TheoryThe shutter speed serves two purposes: Controlling the duration of the exposure: (Low Light or Bright Light)Controlling the subject movement: (Fast movement or slow movement)

Exposure TheoryApertureThe size of the opening in the lens when a picture is taken

Exposure TheoryThe aperture serves two purposes: Controlling the duration of the exposure: (Low Light or Bright Light)Controlling the Depth of Field (DoF) : (Shallow DoF or Deep DoF)Depth of Field is the distance in front of and beyond the subject that appears to be in focus.

http://www.dofmaster.com/dofjs.html

Wide Aperture Low F-NumberShallow Depth of FieldNarrow Aperture High F-NumberDeep Depth of Field

Exposure TheoryISOThe measure of a digital camera sensors sensitivity to lightThe lower the number the less sensitive your camera is to lightISO settings are often rated at 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400, or even more on some models Higher ISO tend to produce higher noise Principle : Set the lowest setting possible to avoid noise

Wrap-upStart a photography with passion/desire. Make it fun guysShare & get/give feedbackUse high speed to freeze motion & low speed record motionUse wide aperture for shallow Dof & use narrow aperture for deep DoFISO is first set & last change parameterUse the lowest ISO to avoid noisePractice & practice & practice

Photography Equipment

CameraLensFlash TripodWireless TriggerShutter ReleaseFilterEtc.

Photography EquipmentCamera

Point and shoot (pocket)

SLR (Single Lens Reflector)

Range Finder

Medium Format

Large Format

Instant

Photography EquipmentSLR (Single Lens Reflector)Uses a mirror and prism system (hence "reflex", from the mirror's reflection) that permits the photographer to view through the lens and see exactly what will be captured

Analog SLR use film as mediaDigital SLR use digital sensor as media

Photography EquipmentDigital SLR Use digital sensor as the recording mediaCCD sensors : create high-quality, low-noise images. CMOS sensors :traditionally, are more susceptible to noise

A full-frame DSLR is a fitted with a 35mm format (3624mm) image sensorAdvanced Photo System type-C (APS-C)

Digital single lens mirrorless (DSLM) : This type of camera do not have a mirror reflex optical viewfinder

Photography EquipmentLensPrime Lenses : have one focal length only (35mm, 50mm, 85mm, etc.)Zoom Lenses : have variable focal lengths (10-24mm, 24-70mm, 70-200mm, etc.)

Wide angle : 28mm or less, good for interiors and landscapesStandard : from 35mm and 85mm, good for general use and portraitsTelephoto : from 100mm to 300mm, good for sports, portraits and wildlife

Special purpose lens : Macro lens, Fish Eye lens

Photography EquipmentLens IdentificationFocal Length : express in mm, in photography focal length determines the angle of view for a photo

Photography EquipmentLens IdentificationMaximum ApertureFix Lens : 50mm f1.8, 50mm f1.4, 56mm f1.2, 135mm f2.0

Zoom Lens : 18-200mm f3.5-5.6, 18-70mm f3.5-4.5 24-70mm f2.8, 70-200 f2.8

Wrap-upThe best photography gear is the one you ownLearn about your gear, love it, maintain it, & explore itPhotography is not a collecting hobbyMore expensive gear not always result on better image. The most important is YOU.Practice & practice & practice

How to Get a Proper Camera SettingShooting Mode (Exposure Mode)

Canon Dial Nikon Dial

How to Get a Proper Camera SettingShooting Mode (Exposure Mode)Program

How to Get a Proper Camera SettingShooting Mode (Exposure Mode)Shutter Priority (S or TV Mode) You Select The Shutter Speed Camera will evaluate the light and select the apertureSuitable for : Taking a picture of high movement object (for freezing) by selecting high shutter speedTo capture objects movement by selecting slow shutter speed

How to Get a Proper Camera SettingShooting Mode (Exposure Mode)Aperture Priority (A or AV Mode) You Select The Aperture Camera will evaluate the light and select the shutter speedSuitable for : Modeling photography, food photography, etc. to get shallow DoF

How to Get a Proper Camera SettingShooting Mode (Exposure Mode)Manual Mode (M) You Select The Aperture and The Shutter SpeedCamera will evaluate the light and let you know when you got the right exposureSuitable for :All shooting condition, because you will fully control the cameraTo train your photography skill

How to Get a Proper Camera SettingMetering ModeMetering is the process of calculating the best exposure from the existing light conditions.When your digital camera meters a scene, it measures the amount of light in the scene and calculates the best-fit exposure value based on the metering mode

4 Metering Mode :Spot MeteringPartial MeteringCenter-weighted MeteringMatrix or Evaluative Metering

How to Get a Proper Camera SettingMetering ModeSpot MeteringSpot metering is a method of metering that only uses a small spot in the center of the composed scene. The size of the spot typically ranges from 1% to 3.5% of the image area. Suitable for subjects that require precise measurement, such as modeling or close-up photography.Partial MeteringSame with Spot Metering, but size of the spot typically ranges from 9% to 10% of the image area. Suitable for subjects that require precise measurement, such as modeling or close-up photography.Center-weighted MeteringCenter-weighted metering is averaged over the entire scene with emphasis placed on the center area (typically 75% based on lighting conditions at the center and 25% outside). Suitable for most average picture taking situations, when there are no extreme contrasts of light in the main area that is being metered.Matrix or Evaluative MeteringThe evaluative or matrix metering mode measures light in multiple areas of the entire frame. Suitable for most situations and is more accurate than the center weighted mode.

How to Get a Proper Camera SettingMetering Mode

How to Get a Proper Camera SettingFocusing ModeProper focusing mode will help you to create a sharp imageOne Shot Focusing Mode - AF (Canon)/AF-S (Nikon)In this mode, when you depress the shutter release halfway, the camera focuses on the subject just once. Suitable for steady subjects / subjects that arent movingContinuous Focusing Mode - AI Servo AF (Canon)/AF-C (Nikon)In Continuous focusing mode, the camera detects the subjects movements and refocuses accordingly to keep the object sharp as a tack. Suitable for moving subjects. As soon as you begin to depress the shutter release, the camera goes into action and begins to focus. Suitable for moving subjects.Automatic Autofocus Mode - AI Focus AF (Canon)/AF-A (Nikon)In this mode the cameras focusing computer jumps back and forth between AF-C and AF-S (Nikon)/One-Shot AF and AI Servo AF (Canon) depending on the situation. Suitable for moving subjects and dynamic situation.

How to Get a Proper Camera SettingWhite BalanceWhite balance (WB) is the process of removing unrealistic color casts, so that objects which appear white in person are rendered white in your

Wrap-upUse Manual Mode as much as possible to train skillUse Shutter Priority if you want to control shutter speed (high speed photography & low speed photography)Use Aperture Priority Mode if you want to control DoF Aim your subject but dont forget to look over your Exposure MeterPractice & practice & practice

Basic CompositionCompositionComposition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art, as distinct from the subject of a work

5 Component of CompositionPatternSymmetryTextureDeep Of FieldLines

Basic CompositionPattern

There are patterns all around us if we only learn to see them. Emphasizing and highlighting these patterns can lead to striking shots as can high lighting when patterns are broken.

Basic Composition Symmetry

A symmetrical shot with strong composition and a good point of interest can lead to a striking image but without the strong point of interest it can be a little predictable.

Basic Composition Texture

Images a two dimensional thing yet with the clever use of texture they can come alive and become almost three dimensional.

Basic Composition Deep Of Field

The depth of field that you select when taking an image will dr