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Basics ofPhotographyBy: Prithivi ShresthaShiraz Shrestha

What is Photography?The art or practice of taking and processing photographs. Oxford Dictionary

Form of Art

Using light to take shots

Demonstrate your PERSPECTIVE

Why Photography?

Why Photography?Capture Moments

Why Photography?Share your Perspective

Why Photography?Bring out Creativity

Why Photography?Tell a Story

Why Photography?Make everyone Smile

Why Photography?Go beyond Reality

Why Photography?Earn a lot of Money

Why Photography?Show-off a little bitWhy not ;)

Types of Photography

Types of PhotographyAbstract

Types of PhotographyAnimal / Pet

Types of PhotographyAstrophotography

Types of PhotographyAerial

Types of PhotographyBlack and White

Types of PhotographyEvent / Wedding

Types of PhotographyFashion

Types of PhotographyNature / Landscape

Types of PhotographyLong Exposure

Types of PhotographyMacro

Types of PhotographyMessage

Types of PhotographyMobile

Types of PhotographyNight

Types of PhotographyPortrait

Types of PhotographyProduct / Commercial

Types of PhotographyStill life / Street

Types of PhotographySilhouette

Types of PhotographyWildlife

Types of PhotographySports

Types of PhotographyFood

Tools of PhotographyCameraCamera Lens

Focal LengthDistance between lens and image sensor

Types of Camera Lenses (Rigidity)Prime LensZoom Lens

Types of Camera Lenses (Focal Length)Ultra-Wide: Less than 10 mmExtreme Wide: 10-21 mmWide: 21-35 mmNormal: 35-75 mmMedium Telephoto: 75-135 mmTelephoto: 135 mm and above

Thank you!

Exposure

Under ExposedToo dark

Exposure

Over ExposedToo bright

Exposure

Correct

What is Exposure?How dark or bright the image is.

Controlled by 3 things:

ApertureShutter SpeedExposure TriangleISO

Exposure Triangle

ApertureSimilar to the iris of the eye.

Opening and closing of the lens.

Wide opening = more light = bright photo

Narrow opening = less light = dark photo

F-stop numberAperture represented by F-stop number.

Range from f/1.4 f/32

F-stop 1 Opening of lens

f/1.4 = wide aperture

f/32 = narrow aperture

Understanding Aperture

Understanding Aperture

Understanding Aperture

Depth of Field (DoF)

Area of the image that appears sharp

Understanding DoFSmall f-stop = wide aperture = more light = bright image = SHALLOW DEPTH OF FIELD

Large f-stop = narrow aperture = less light = dark image = DEEP DEPTH OF FIELD

Understanding DoF

Shutter SpeedLength of time shutter remains open.

Measure in fraction of seconds.

Understanding Shutter Speed

Understanding Shutter Speed

Understanding Shutter Speed

Fast Shutter Speed

Fast Shutter Speed

Fast Shutter Speed

Fast Shutter Speed

Slow Shutter Speed

Slow Shutter Speed

Slow Shutter Speed

Slow Shutter Speed

ISOInternational Organization for Standardization.

Sensitivity of the Image Sensor.

Lower ISO = Less Sensitivity = Less Light = Dark Image

Higher ISO = High Sensitivity = More light = Bright Image

Understanding ISO

Drawback of ISO - Noise

Mode Dials

Manual ModeFULL CONTROL OF DSLR

Combining:

ApertureShutter SpeedISO

CompositionGeneral guidelines enhancing a photographPlacement of relative objects and elements

Types of CompositionRule of Thirds

Types of Composition

Types of CompositionLeading Lines

Types of CompositionSymmetry & Pattern