Basic DSLR Photography and Videography for AITians

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  • Pakistan Students Association (PSA AIT)Fawad and Adnan

    DSLR Photography, Videography and Photo/Video Editing

    A Workshop on

  • Why this Workshop?

    Note: Our prior apology from those who find the contents too basic.

  • Workshop Contents

    Part 1: DSLR Photography

    Part 2: Photo Editing (Adobe Lightroom)

    Part 3: DSLR Video Shooting

    Part 4: Video Editing (Cyberlink Power Director)

  • Workshop Contents

    Part 1: DSLR Photography

    Part 2: Photo Editing (Adobe Lightroom)

    Part 3: DSLR Video Shooting

    Part 4: Video Editing (Cyberlink Power Director)

  • Part 1: DSLR Photography The basics and 3 Elements of Exposure (shutter

    speed, aperture and ISO)

    Lenses and Focal Lengths

    Summary

    A Quick Settings Slideshow

  • Part 1: DSLR Photography The basics and 3 Elements of Exposure (shutter

    speed, aperture and ISO)

    Lenses and Focal Lengths

    Summary

    A Quick Settings Slideshow

  • Types of Digital Cameras

    3 Main classifications

    Point and Shoot

    Prosumer

    Digital SLR

  • Point and Shoot digital Cameras (P&S)

    Commonly referred to as consumer digital cameras.

    Represent probably 90% of all digital cameras on the market

    Typically small, compact and lightweight

    Targeted at broad majority

    Typically very User-Friendly

    Image Quality has improved drastically

  • Prosumer Digital Cameras

    Common term used to describe advanced models of P&S (now also used to describe many entry level DSLR's)

    Similar in shape and appearance to Digital SLR's

    Typically have extended zoom range (8-12X)

    Typically combine user friendly P&S features with more advanced manual features.

  • Digital SLR (DSLR)

    SLR Stands for Single Lens Reflex

    Have larger sensors, resulting in greater image quality

    Tend to favor manual control

    Much larger and heavier

    Ability to interchange system lenses

  • Entry Level DSLRs

    Canon EOS 100D

    Canon EOS 1200D

    Canon EOS 600D

    Canon EOS 650D

    Canon EOS 700D

    Canon EOS 60D

    Nikon D3200

    Nikon D3300

    Nikon D5200

    Nikon D5300

    Nikon D5500

    Olympus E-PL6

    Fujifilm X-A1

    Sony a3000

    Sony 5000

    Sony 5100

  • Exposure Modes

    There are several modes available which offer a combination of automatic and manual controls.

    Auto, sometimes represented by an A, or simply a green square, is fully automatic functioning. True point and shoot where the camera decides all the settings for you

  • The Manual Mode

  • Know your Camera

  • The Manual Mode The 3 Pillars of Photography

    Shutter Speed

    Aperture, f-stop

    ISO

  • Variables to play with

    Exposure

    Shutter Speed

    ISO ApertureAmount of Grains/Noise

    Depth of field

    Motion Blur

  • Light meter

    Proper Exposure

    Under-exposed Over-exposed

  • The 3 Pillars of Photography

    Shutter Speed

    Aperture, f-stop

    ISO

  • The Shutter Speed

    Shutter Speed

    How long the shutter remains open, exposing the image sensor to light.

    How long the camera sees the picture

    Measured in Seconds, from 30 sec to 1/8000 sec

    The more the shutter speed (bigger denominator of the fraction the lesser time light is allowed to enter the camera), the lesser the exposure.

    30 sec . 10 sec. 1 sec . sec ..1/5 sec . 1/10 sec 1/25 sec ... 1/100 sec ...1/500 sec 1/2000 sec . 1/4000 sec 1/8000 sec

    Shutter Speed is getting higher

    The image is getting darker

    Less amount of light is allowed to enter in the camera

    Shutter opens and closes quickly

  • Shutter Speed

    Fast Shutter Speeds (600 and up) are used to stop motion and will freeze the subject.

  • Shutter Speed

    If the shutter speed is such a low value that the object or camera moves/changes position before the shutter closes, you will get Motion blur.

    Slow Shutter Speeds (1/60 or slower) can be used to portray movement or speed

  • Shutter Speed Very Slow Shutter Speeds (5 sec. or slower) can be used in very low light

    situations to obtain correct exposure, or achieve dramatic effects.

    As your shutter speed decreases, your chances of getting a blurry image increase because you must hold the camera steady for a longer period.Maximum zoom is hard to hold camera steady for a sharp pictureSlowest shutter speed without a tripod is 1/focal length of lens

  • Slow Shutter Speed Fast Shutter Speed

  • Slow shutter speed Fast shutter speed

  • Panning

    During the exposure, the camera is moved in the same direction as the subject.

    Resulting in a reasonably sharp subject and a blurred background

  • Movement Compensation

    Refers to the cameras ability to correct small movements by the user while taking a picture, in order to reduce the blur caused by camera shake.

    Represented differently by different companies:

    Nikon VR Vibration Reduction

    Canon IS Image Stabilization

    Pentax SR Shake Reduction

    Sony SSS Super Steady-Shot

  • Moving Object Shutter Speeds - NO Blur

    Which shutter speed to use for subjects depends on 3 factors:

    How big the object appear in the frame

    Which direction it is moving

    How fast it is moving

  • Moving Object Shutter Speeds - NO Blur

  • Moving Object Shutter Speeds For Blur

    Blur can be used to emphasise movement

    Amount of blur depends on speed of movement of subject and shutter speed

    Shutter Speed (sec)

    Subject Moderate Blur Extreme Blur

    Person Walking 1/30 sec sec

    Person Running 1/60 sec 1/15 sec

    Horse Trotting 1/30 sec 1/8 sec

    Horse Galloping 1/125 sec 1/30 sec

    Car at 30mph (50kph) 1/125 sec 1/30 sec

    Car at 70mph (110kph) 1/250 sec 1/60 sec

    Water 1-2 sec 3 sec +

  • The 3 Pillars of Photography

    Shutter Speed

    Aperture, f-stop

    ISO

  • Aperture f/stop

    Size of the lens opening - Controls the brightness of light that reaches the film

    STOP refers to a change in exposure, whether the shutter speed or aperture is changed

    one stop more exposure means to double the light reaching the film

    one stop less exposure means to half the light reaching the film

    Each f/stop number can be though of as the bottom part of a fraction

    The larger the f/stop number, the smaller the lens opening

    f/11 is a smaller opening than f/4

    f/1.4 f/2 f/2.8 f/4 f/5.6 f/8 f/11 f/16 f/22

  • For example, if you shoot at f/stop 5.6, and then change it to f/8, you are letting exactly half as much light strike the film or sensor.

  • f/stop

    f/stop is getting higher

    The image is getting darker

    Less amount of light is allowed to enter in the camera

    Size of lens opening is getting smaller

    f/1.4 f/2 f/2.8 f/4 f/5.6 f/8 f/11 f/16 f/22

    Depth-of-field is increasing

    BUT

    The area of a scene from foreground to background that will remain acceptably sharp when we focus on a subject is called the depth of field.

    f/22 provides more depth of field than f/4

  • You determine what you want to draw your viewers attention to.

    shallow depth of field

    f/4

    Focus Point on b

  • increased depth of field

    f/22

  • Depth of field

    Compare depth of field at f/3.5 and f/22.

  • Smaller aperture (f/22), deep depth of field Larger aperture (f/4), shallow depth of field

    A wide aperture (small #) will give a shallow DOF which can be used to isolate a subject.

  • Depth of field Depth of Field is not divided equally

    You should note that Depth of Field is roughly divided 1/3 in front of where you are focused and 2/3 behind where you

    are focused

  • The 3 Pillars of Photography

    Shutter Speed

    Aperture, f-stop

    ISO

  • ISO

    Measure of sensitivity of your camera to light.

  • ISO: General Rules and tips

    ISO settings are often rated at 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, and even 3200 on some models

    Use an ISO of 100 or 200 when taking photographs outside in sunny conditions.

    If the sky is overcast or it is evening time, or in a darkened room, then use an ISO within the range of 400 to 800.

    Night time or in cases of low light you might need to set your digital camera ISO to 1600. If not your photo will appear too dark, if at all.

    Using High ISO values causes the sensor to produce much more heat, which creates digital noise in images.

  • ISO Setting

    ISO measures the sensitivity of the image sensor. The lower the number the less sensitive your camera is to light and the finer the grain.

    Set the lowest setting possible to avoid noise

    ISO 100 ISO 3200

  • ISO Setting

  • The fourth Element - White Balance

    White Balance is essentially the camera compensating for the color cast of the light in order to reproduce the correct colors.

    The color cast of light is referred to as its Color Temperature and is rated in degrees Kelvin

    Ranges from Cool to Warm

    Most Digital cameras have Automatic White Balance, but also specific options for different sources of light.

  • Part 1: DSLR Photography The basics and 3 Elements of Exposure (shutter

    speed, aperture and ISO)

    Lenses and Focal Lengths

    Summary