baroque sculpture

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  • BAROQUE SCULPTURERevision

  • SculptureIt is one of the most popular arts.The clients are the church and the nobility.It is the way of expression of different religious believes.It was used as a way of advertising powerWorks are located in public places, such as courtyards and fountains.

  • Sculpture: CharacteristicsCreation of images that can be seen from different points of view.Tendency to open structures.Complicated lines, being the diagonal the most used.Interest for the effects of light: different treatment of surfaces Resource to breaking wall to get the ideal illumination

  • Sculpture: CharacteristicsCombination of different materials in the same workGrandiloquence of the gesturesHuman treatment of the depicted charactersMythological and religious images frull of humanities and passionsPerfect organisation of the volumes to obtain the desired effect

  • Eskultura: EzaugarriakTension and drama: moment of maximum tensionViolent contrast of light and shadowsRegional differences

  • Sculpture: CharacteristicsTypes of sculptures:ReliefPortraitEquestrian portraitAllegoriesMythological storiesReligiousEaster sculptures (Spain)FountainsPantheons

  • Sculpture: ItalyBerniniHe created a new style in sculptureSources of inspiration were the paintings of his contemporariesSense of drama and naturalism (following Caravaggio)Captured in stone frozen moment of human bodies in motionWorks:Apollo and DaphneSainte Therese EcstasyFountain of the Four RiversFountain of the Triton

  • Sculpture: FranceGirardonQuite classical conceptionHe worked for Louis XIVAuthor of fountains (Apollo Tended by Nymphs), pantheons (Richelieu)

  • Eskultura: FrantziaPugetImpassioned workFormed in ItalyExpressed physical vigour and emotional intensityWork: Milon of Crotona

  • Sculpture: SpainReligious sculpture had an important developmentIt is realised for the Easter parades.Characteristics:Humanity (passions, mainly sufferance)Symbols of sufferance: bloodIndividual or group imagesWood is the most used material (polychrome)Additional elements: real clothes, glazed eyes, hairCommon images:Painful Virgin (Dolorosa)Ecce Homo (Christ tied up to a column)Death ChristCalvary

  • Sculpture: SpainCastilian School: Gregorio FernandezHis style evolved from the refinement and elegance of Court Mannerism to Baroque naturalismMaster in depicting the human body with anatomical detail, tension in muscles, strength of bones and softness of flesh and skinClothing heavy and flat, with rigid and angular folders, producing contrast of light and shadowsDramatic expressionsSimple polychromes (flat colours)Works: Virgin with the Dead Christ, Road to the Calvary, Saint Theresa

  • Sculpture: SpainAndalusian School:Greater classical traditionArtist maintained the aesthetic of latter Mannerism (athletic figures, elegant composition, and idealised beauty)Incorporation of the effects of naturalism in emotionsArtists: Martinez Montaes, Alonso Cano, Pedro de Mena, Jose de Mora

  • Sculpture: SpainAndalusian School:Martinez Montaes: The God of WoodCombined love of beauty and serenity of the Mannerism with the naturalism of the BaroqueElegant figures in restful posesHuman and contained emotionsSaint John the Evangelist

  • Eskultura: EspainiaAndalusian School:Alonso CanoCombines classicism and BaroquePurity of form, delicacy and contaiment of expressionCareful anatomy and slender outlineOval faces, eyes with melancholic and pensive gazeSaint John the Baptists

  • Sculpture: SpainAndalusian School:Pedro de Mena:Greater simplification of formSpiritual contentPure sentiments or states of mind: ecstasySaint Peter of Alcntara, Ecce Homo

  • Sculpture: SpainAndalusian School:Jose de Mora:Simplicity and expressionRealistic painFaces with expression of introspection and sad gazesImpossibility of consolationVirgin of Solitude

  • Sculpture: SpainPasos or processional scenesMade of light but fragile materials at the beginningWooden carvings popular since 17th centuryPolychrome and with fake additions: glass eyes and tears, ivory teeth, hairViewpoints should be taken into accountDifferent work in characters:Goodies: meticolous, pretty to look, dressed in timeless clothingBaddies: less detail, no additions, ugly and unpleasant, clothing from the time they were made

  • Sculpture: SpainMounted in wooden platforms: scenes seemed almost alive with the movementMain images desmounted and put in altars and baddies packedThere were famous those of Valladolid, made by Gregorio FernandezDecadence during the 18th century

  • Sculpture: SpainIn the late Baroque there were French and Italian influencesCreation of a new classicismMurcia took relevance: SalcilloInfluenced by the Neapolitan school (Belen tradition)Movement, delicacy and tender beautyPerfection of form, serch of elegance and refinementGreat dynamismAdded materials and polychromeLuisa RoldanLarger sife sized an small terra-cotta compositions

  • Rococo SculptureThere is not a breaking with the formerThe tune was set by courts and it is decorativeStaircases, columns with atlantes become commonGardens and parks were adorned more than ever before with statues. These isolated and groups were placed on fountainsThe social role of sculpture increased to show the power of dynasties and nobility, mainly when cities expanded

  • Rococo SculptureTaste for technical virtuosity, sheer brilliance of mannerAllegory was used because it had an elaborate system of symbolsReligion was a bit less used during the EnlightementPortraits give importance to reallity with psychological quirksFemale portrait were less austereCult of great menIncrease of the number of equestrian statuesFuneral monuments

  • Rococo SculptureBouchardon:Clean forms, can and harmonious rhythmsPrecursor of the Neoclassicism Works: Louis XIV

  • Rococo SculptureHoudon:Charming images a bit ambiguous Works: Voltaire, La Frileuse

  • Rococo SculpturePigalle: The Negro Paul, Tombe of Marshl Saxony

  • Rococo SculptureFalconet: Equestrian statue of Peter the Great