automation: lessons learnt from sesar by michael standar


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  • 1. AUTOMATION:LESSONS LEARNT FROM SESARALIAS Conference, 1-2 October 2014, Florence, ItalyMichael StandarChief Strategies & International Relations

2. Implementing the Single European Sky (SES) SES established in 5 Pillars with a focus on Performance Technology Pillar R&D managed by the SJU2 3. The Fundamental Changes to ATM3INTEGRATION OFAIRPORTSJust 5 Changes then Integrating airports -time synchronisedoperations of surfacetrajectories and flightturn-aroundTHE 4D TRAJECTORYPRINCIPLEIntegrating airspaceusers flight systems tobuild predictable timesynchronised flightSimple!!?precisionAUTOMATIONHuman operatorsconcentrate on highvalue-added tasksTHE SYSTEM WIDEINFORMATIONMANAGEMENTThe Intranetfor Air TrafficManagementSo what is all the fuss aboutand why does it take solong?COLLABORATIVE NETWORK PLANNINGIntegrated with airport operations planning andairspace user flight planning 4. How the SESAR Programme worksInnovation pipelinePhase 1Phase 2/1Phase 2/2Phase 3Delivery4 5. The Pipeline: Exploring the Possibilities Low maturity research with Universities, SMEs &Research Centres Theme 1: Towards Higher Levels of Automation in ATM Theme 2: Mastering Complex Systems Safely Theme 3: System Architecture and System Design Theme 4: Information Management, Uncertainty andOptimization Theme 5: Enabling Change in ATM 40 Projects, 20 PhDs, 2 Networks, an annual eventattracting around 200 researchers, specialised events,summer schools and a Young Scientist Award 6. WP-E Lessons Learnt In very early stages research V0 level (e.g. WP-Eprojects), transfer of research results is difficult intothe SESAR main-stream program Lack of clearly defined criteria that can be used forassessing maturity results at V0 level Limited possibility to pass results at V0 or V1 intoprogramme combined with low level of interest inlong-term research and innovation from the majorityof PPP industrial partners Importance of Gate reviews and regular reporting onR&I results of projects at V0 level6 7. SESAR SC Committee Scientific Committee specifically to provide guidanceand support to the SJU on scientific matters SC members recommendations on HumanPerformance Integration in the Safety Analysis ofComplex systems- quantitative metrics Agent Based Modelling- qualitative opinion could be valuable but limiteddue to subjectivity- Human Performance (HP) measurement in relationof safety of complex systems- HP can be integrated in quantitative safetyassessment (e.g. Human behavior models, etc.)7 8. SESAR Validations/Verifications towards global interoperability8~400 exercises~22 000 days~8000 experts from;ANSPs, Airspace users, Airport operators, Network Manager,Authorities, Military, Manufacturing industry, Staff Associations withan International Validation Team of operational ATCOs, Pilots andATSEPsAs close as possible to real operations on real systems with realoperators(ANSP/Airport/Flight trials/shadow-mode) 9. The Pipeline: Demonstrating Benefits Increase the scale, engage wider range of stakeholders9Environmental fortransatlanticflights (AIRE)SESAR SolutionsDemonstrationsNew YorkOceanicSanta MariaOceanicSource: Google Maps, SJU analysis, simplified for clarity reasonsShanwickOceanic ControlGanderOceanic ControlCanariasRPAS demonstrations30,000+ flight trials /demonstration flights 10. Demonstrating Integration: RPAS 9 RPAS Demonstration Projects underway, to: Demonstrate how to integrate RPAS into non-segregatedairspace in a multi-aircraft flight environment Exploring the feasibility of integration within the wideraviation community by 2016 Identify gaps and provide insight into filling them Improve our knowledge of key operational and technicalissues that will help during the RPAS definition phase10 11. 2015 - Large scale demonstrationsConfirm global interoperability of SESARSolutionsAccelerate operational acceptance andindustrialisation of SESAR solutionsCapitalise on SESAR delivery approach by goingbeyond the SESAR validation activities (V3)De-risk future operations/approval by involvingauthoritiesRaise awareness about SESARs contribution toATM performance 12. 12The Pipeline: Supporting Deployment 68 validation exercises completed with resultspublished indicating cost-efficiency,environmental and safety benefits 20 new validation exercises underway 17 SESAR Solutions (building blocks fordeployment planning): Moving from Airspace to 4D trajectoryManagement Traffic Synchronization Network Collaborative Management and DCB Airport Integration and Throughput SWIM Conflict Management and AutomationDownload SESAR Solution Packs 13. Supporting Deployment: The PCP The need for synchronised deployment and supportfor a sound business case Scope of Pilot Common Project includes six ATMFunctionalitiesAF1 Extended AMAN & PBN in high density TMAAF2 Airport Integration & ThroughputAF3 Flexible Airspace Management and Free RouteAF4 Network Collaborative ManagementAF5 iSWIM functionality & MeteorologyAF6 Initial Trajectory Information Sharing (i4D EPP)13 14. SESAR: 2020 VisionDelivering best-in-class, globally interoperable and high-performing Enabling the delivery of safe, cost-efficient and environmentallyresponsible Air Vehicle & ATM operations, systems and servicesHigh PerformingAirport OperationsCapacity, Safety,Environment, Efficient,Effective, NetworkedAir Transport for Airspace Users and CitizensAdvancedAir Traffic ServicesSynchronisation,Capacity, Safety,Environment, CostOptimised ATMNetwork ServicesCollaboration, BalancingDemand & Capacity,Environment, EfficiencyEnabling the Aviation Infrastructure Providing shared technical services across the aviation domain Communications, positioning, navigation, timing and SWIM information Air vehicle operations, systems & services14 15. Three Research Phases of SESAR 2020 Exploratory Research Concentrates on early maturity Excellent Science and initialapplications to ATM. Uses H2020 open calls. Industrial Research & Validation (Applied Research &Pre-industrial Development) through partnership Concentrates on maturing and validating through AppliedResearch, Pre-Industrial Development and Validation of highbenefit applications for ATM. Uses an industrial PPP with involvement of all stakeholders. Very Large Scale Demonstration Concentrates on taking the concepts and technology to a widergeographic and stakeholder application The bridge to deployment through risk reduction Uses a mixture of industrial PPP and open calls.15 16. Global Cooperation & InteroperabilityICAOIndustryStandardsSESAR NextGenEC/FAA CoordinationStandards built onSESAR and NextGendevelopments willsupport harmonisedImplementation andRegulationProgramme levelcoordination enhancedby interoperability andwider industry buy-in.Global consensus toensure world-wideinteroperability.EU-US MoCSESAR-NextGenCoordination ActivitiesEUROCAE WGRTCA SCICAOGANP/ASBUs16 17. Conclusions Managing change Connecting the Innovation pipeline (scope and time) covering the research gap between exploratoryand industrial research Understand the current and the evolution of business models from infrastructure to services changes to roles and responsibilities Create trust Focus on the transition problems towards a higher level of automation as the goals seems wellunderstood Key Performance areas and KPIs (includes Safety) Understand, agree and confirm the objectives early The devil is in the detail understand the problems of a particular area/domain in the overall context avoid silos or magic fix Design decisions need to be understood and taken early and preferrably before the crossroad Focus on standards regulatory actions if necessary (steer behaviours) Automation is business and innovation driven Find best practices and adapt Aviation and ATM needs of safety and security performance17 18. Thank you for your attention18