australia chapter 16 geography and history. contents geography 1 history 2

Download Australia Chapter 16 Geography and History. Contents Geography 1 History 2

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  • Slide 1
  • Australia Chapter 16 Geography and History
  • Slide 2
  • Contents Geography 1 History 2
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  • Look at the map of Australia carefully and find clues to the following items: size and location regions terrain and topography
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  • Size and Location the sixth largest country in the world located in Oceania, the Southern Hemisphere completely surrounded by water: lying between the Indian and Pacific Oceans north: the Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea and the Torres Strait east: the Coral Sea, the Tasman Sea south: the Bass Strait, the Indian Ocean west: the Indian Ocean
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  • Regions ACTAustralian Capital Territory NSWNew South Wales NTNorthern Territory QLDQueensland SASouthern Australia TASTasmania VICVictoria WAWestern Australia
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  • Terrain and Topography The average elevation: 275m Mount Everest is almost four times as high as Mount Kosciuszko. The highest and lowest point in Australia NameStateHeight (m) Mawson PeakHeard Island2,745 Mount Kosciuszko NSW2,228 Eyre LakeSA-15
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  • Climate an island continent with a diverse range of climate zones north: tropical the interior: arid south: temperate Temperature: 500
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  • Plants and Animals indigenous plants: eucalyptus the golden wattle unique animals marsupials: kangaroo, koala, wombat monotremes: platypus and echidna (the only egg-laying mammals in the world) birds: black swan EMU lyrebird white cockatoo
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  • Natural Landscape Great Barrier Reef Uluru (Ayers Rock) Alice Springs Barossa Valley
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  • History 1234 European Exploration and Settlement Movement toward Federation Influence of the War Australia in Development
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  • European Exploration and Settlement early exploration 1606: Torres, Spanish, Torres Strait 1642: Abel Tasman, Dutch, Tasmania Island 1688: William Dampier, British, northwest 1770: James Cook, British, Botany Bay and named it New South Wales penal settlements 1783: the American Revolution ended and Australia was established as a new penal settlement at Botany Bay in Australia. expanding colonization: Growth of sheep grazing Gold rush treatment of aborigines: 1788: 300,000 Australian aborigines 19th and 20th century: decline steeply
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  • Movement toward Federation 1889: NSW began the movement to replace the Federal Council. Henry Parkes, its premier, announced that the colony would support a new form of federalism. 1900: the six colonies of Australia adopted a federal constitution and the Commonwealth of Australia was established.
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  • Influence of the War WWI: disaster to Australia 1914: total Australian men: 3 million 400,000 volunteered to the war. 60,000 died. tens of thousands wounded 1915: April 25 became the Anzac Day, a day to remind the country s most significant day of public homage. interwar years: uneven years, Great Depression WWII: sense of confidence enhanced survived with a sense of pride postwar peace and prosperity the Snowy Mountains Scheme the Menzies Era
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  • Australia in Development the lucky country: postwar prosperity an employment rate of almost 100% 1967 passed legislation to protect the right of indigenous people 1960s baby boomers 2000 the Sydney Olympic Games and the Sydney Paralympic Games
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