ati cbdp in darjeeling himalayas

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  • Community Based

    Disaster Management Programme

    Few Attempt with Community participation and Technology application.

  • The name DARJEELING means the Place of the DORJE or THUNDERBOLT

  • The tantra of the DARJEELING HIMALAYA speaks of the Spirits that live in its MountainsBenevolent at most times, they endow the land with rain, wind & sunshine, pouring life into all living creaturesIf angered, they become malevolent & fling storms & thunder into the world. Upheaval occurs everywhere

  • LANDSLIDES IN THE DARJEELING HIMALAYA HAVE BEEN A COMMON PHENOMENONMajor landslides have occurred at least 16 times in the past 138 years between 1880-1998

    Over 1300 lives have been recorded as lost

    Major landslides have recurred once every 8.6 years, with an average of 9.4 deaths being recorded during every incidence

    But with increasingly dense settlement over time, the casualty rate has risen

  • THE LANDSLIDE TIMELINE1860, 1880, 1899

    1910, 1932, 1942, 1943, 1944

    1950, 1854, 1968, 1980, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1998THE TISTA COURSE CHANGES1787, 1881, 1892, 1902, 1906, 1922, 1923, 1948, 1952, 1969, 1972

  • THE UNSOLVED RIDDLE 1779 - Major Rennels first maps show the Tista draining into the GANGA

    1787 - The river switched course completely during the Great Tista Flood to drain into the BRAHMAPUTRA

    DID FAR WORSE LANDSLIDES HIT DARJEELING & SIKKIM IN 1787 ?

  • The story of a tremendous Flood in the TISTA VALLEY is preserved by the Lepchas in the Legend of Sacred Mt.TENDONGDARJEELING , when annexed by the British in 1835, lacked a population but showed signs of having been formerly occupiedIn his 1854 tour, Sir Joseph Hooker noted the scars of huge landslides all over the regionPlace-names in the RANGIT VALLEY speak of: RANGIROON [=the Place where the River Turned] or RANGLI-RANGLIOT [=the Place of Receding Waters] THE EVIDENCE

  • 1998 Landslides

  • Monitoring of landslidesMonitoring form containing information on 26 indicators for early warning of landslides

    Forms filled up and submitted fortnightly to GP, BDO and District

    Information compiled, collated and action taken

  • Interaction with communityA member of the community explains the events of the 1998 landslide. The boulders in the picture are those that rolled down during the landslide

  • Sensitization programme - Field visitDr Jeta Sankratayan explains a technical point of landslides to Jude Henriques, Programme Communication Officer, UNICEF and officers from Darjeeling district

  • People involved in monitoringCracks in the wall - early warning sign for a landslide

  • Dance drama to mobilize community

  • Tasks completedA COMPLETE DIGITAL SPATIAL DATA BASE FOR THE HILL REGION OF THE DISTRICT WHICH CONTAINS:

    1 AN ELEVATION MODEL2. ALL ROADS AND RIVERS3. LOCATION OF ALL LAND SLIDES 4. ROCK COMPETENCY5. RAIN FALL RECONDS6. BLOCK BASE/ GP BASE SETTLEMENTS AND TOWNS7. AGRICULTURE, TEA, CINCONA AND FOREST DISTRIBUTION

  • THE SECOND PHASE COLLECTION OF INFORMATION ON THE FOLLOWINGFOR EACH LAND SLIDE: ITS YEAR OF OCCURENCE , AREA OR NAME OF THE SLIDE, VILLAGE AND POPULATION EFFECTED BY EACH LAND SLIDES, ITS SEVERITY, LOSS IN ROAD CONNECTIVITY

    ROADS: ITS CONNECTING VILLAGE, SENSITIVENESS IN LAND SLIDES TYPES OF TRANSPORT IT CARRIES

    IMPORTANT LOCATIONS: SCHOOLS, RAILWAY SYATIONS, POST OFFICES, GP OFFICES, HEALTH SUBCENTERS

    4. DISASTER RELATED INFORMATION: DEATHS, INJURED, RELIEF

  • Rivers and Jhoras and Landslide locations of Darjeeling District

  • KURSEONG BLOCK OF DARJEELING DISTRICT

  • KURSEONG BLOCK OF DARJEELING DISTRICT ELEVATION MODEL OF KURSEONG BLOCK OF DARJEELING DISTRICT

  • ELEVATION MODEL OF KURSEONG BLOCK OF DARJEELING DISTRICT GAYABARI-II G.P. OF KURSEONG BLOCK OF DARJEELING DISTRICT

  • SETTLEMENT LOCATION OF GAYABARI-II G.P. OF KURSEONG BLOCK OF DARJEELING DISTRICT

  • No. of Landslide Occurrance Since 1995

  • CAUSE OF LANDSLIDE

  • SEVERITY OF LANDSLID

  • No. of Landslide 36Year 1998No. of Landslide 10Year 2002No. of Landslide 24Year 2003Year wise Landslide of Kurseong Block1 9 9 82 0 0 22 0 0 3

  • No. of days Closed Nearest Roads

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  • Few examples of other areas withcommunity as the main driver

    Case Study: Assam

  • PLANNINNG POLICIES PLANNINNG POLICIES What it should beWhat it is Now=Development?