Assessment of Technologies for Hazardous Waste Site Remediation

Download Assessment of Technologies for Hazardous Waste Site Remediation

Post on 31-Jan-2017

227 views

Category:

Documents

10 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • _?) _, _ _) Association for Information and Image Management

    Centimeter1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 mm

    l,,,,i,,,,I,,,,i,,,,i,,,,i,,,,I,,,,I,'"l""l''"l''"l"",1 2 3 4 5

    LILil'Inches 1.0 ,_lilll " IIIIIgIIIIINIIIII_lllil_

  • ASSESSMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE

    SITE REMEDIATION: NON-TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES AND

    PILOT SCALE FACILITY IMPEMENTATION--

    EXCAVATION--STORAGE TECHNOLOGY--

    SAFETY ANALYSIS AND REVIEW STATEMENT

    Final Report

    Work Performed Under ContractNo.: DE-FC21-92MC29467

    For

    Raymond J. Lovett, Principal Investigator

    Environmental Technology Division

    West Virginia University

    National Research Center For Coal And Energy

    Q PO Box 6064Morgantown, WV 26506-6064

    And

    U.S. Department of EnergyOffice of Fossil Energy

    Morgantown Energy Technology CenterMorgantown, West Virginia

    ByHarry R. Johnson, Project Manager

    William K. Overbey, Jr.George J. Koperna, Jr.

    BDM Federal, Inc.1199 Van Voorhis Road, Suite 4

    Morgantown, WV 26505

    FEBRUARY 1994

    DISTRIBUTION OF THIS DOCUMENT IS UNLIMITED

    .... p , i , ,

  • ASSESSMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTESITE REMEDIATION: NON-TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES AND

    PILOT SCALE FACILITY IMPLEMENTATION --EXCAVATION TECHNOLOGY

    Final Report

    Work Performed Under ContractNo.: DE-FC21-92MC29467

    For

    Raymond J. Lovett, Principal Investigator _ :;>Environmental Technology Division ._ _

    West Virginia University _ c=National Research Center For Coal Annd Energy -< _:__-J:_

    P.O. Box 6084 _ ......,.Morgantown, West Virgimia 26506 ':-_'-_

    ;/J -T I

    And -- ;_U.S. Department of Energy _'_

    Office of Fossil EnergyMorgantown Energy Technology Center

    Morgantown, West Virginis

    ByHarry R. Johnson, Project Manager

    William IC Overbey Jr.George J. Koperna Jr.

    BDM Federal Inc.1199 Van Voorhis Rd. Suite 4

    Morgantown, West virginia 26505

    DISTRIBUTION OF THIS DocUMENT IS UNLIMITED

  • DISCLAIMER

    This work was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the UnitedStates Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, norany of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legalliability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of anyinformation, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would notinfringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product,process, or services by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does notnecessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by theUnited States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authorsexpressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Governmentor any agency thereof.

  • I I i

    /

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Section Page No.

    1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ......................................................................... 1

    2.0 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................... 1

    2.1 Purpose and Scope .................................................................... 12.2 Background ............................................................................... 12.3 Study Technical Approach ........................................................... 4

    2.3.1 Winfield Characterization Studies .................................. 42.3.2 Literature Review .......................................................... 4

    2.3.2.1 Open Literature ................................................... 42.3.2.2 Federal GovernmentProjects Literature ........... 62.3.2.3 Patent Literature .................................................. 62.3.2.4 Atmosphere Monitoring for Fugitive Dust

    and Waste Gases ................................................... 62.3.3 Excavation Technologies ................................................. 6

    2.3.3.1 Bulk-Pit Excavation ............................................ 72.3.3.2 Bulk Wide-Area Excavation .............................. 72.3.3.3 Loose Bulk Excavation ....................................... 72.3.3.4 Limited-Area, Vertical Excavation .................... 72.3.3.5 Trench Excavation ............................................... 72.3.3.6 Tunnel Excavation ............................................ 72.3.3.7 Dredging ............................................................... 82.3.3.8 LongwaU Mining .................................................. 8

    2.4.3 Unknowns/Uncertainties .................................................... 82.4.4 Assumptions ......................................................................... 8

    3.0 EXCAVATION TECHNOLOGY - REVIEW ........................................ 8

    3.1 Loose Bulk Excavation ................................................................... 93.2 Bulk-Pit Excavation ...................................................................... 93.3 Bulk Wide-Area Excavation .......................................................... 103.4 Trench Excavation ......................................................................... 113.5 Limited-Area, Vertical Excavation ............................................... 11

    4.0 FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS ....................................................................... 12

    4.1 Evaluation Criteria for Excavation Technology .......................... 124.1.1 Performance ........................................................................ 124.1.2 Reliability ............................................................................. 124.1.3 Implementability ................................................................ 134.1.4 Environmental Safety ......................................................... 134.1.5 Public Health Considerations ............................................ 134.1.6 Legal and Regulatory Compliance ................................... 134.1.7 Cost ....................................................................................... 144.1.8 Interferences ........................................................................ 14

    i iii

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS(Continued)

    Section Page No.

    4.2 Analysis ............................................................... .. . ..... ... ... ... .. .. ..... . 144.2.1 Performance ................................................................. 144.2.2 Reliability ......................................................................... 154.2.3 Implementability ............................................... . . .. . . . ... .. 154.2.4 Environmental Health Considerations .............................. 154.2.5 Legal and Regulatory Compliance .................................... 154.2.6 Cost .................................................................................... 164.2.7 Interferences ....................................................................... 164.2.8 Results .............................................................................. 16

    5.0 SCREENING CRITERIA ......................................................................... 16

    5.1 Health and Safety Concerns ...................................................... 185.2 Contaminant Issues ........................................................................ 18

    6.0 IDENTIFICATION OF PROBLEMS FOR FUTURE R&D ................. 18

    6.1 Generic Problems ............................................................................ 186.1.1 l_leumatic Excavation System ........................................... 196.1.2 Teleoperated Equipment .................................................... 196.1.3 Excavation Within a Temporary Shelter ........................ 196.1.4 Fugitive Dust Suppression .............................................. 19

    6.2 Winfield Site .................................................................................... 20

    7.0 SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS28

    8.0 REFERENCES ........................................................................................... 20

    9.0 APPENDICES ............................................................................................. 20

    9.1 Appendix A - Open Literature Search .......................................... 219.1.1 Book Titles ........................................................................... 219.1.2 Periodical Titles ................................................................... 22

    9.2 Appendix B - Government Reports Literature Search .............. 1369.3 Appendix C - Patent Literature Search ........................................ 204

    iv

  • LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

    Figure Page No.

    Figure 2.1 Former ACF Site Location Map ....................................... 3

    Figure 2.2 Keyword Tree ....................................................................... 5

    Figure 4.1 Functional Analysis Criteria Ranking .............................. 17

  • 1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    A copy of the Core of Engineers Characterization and Cost Evaluation Report forthe Winfield site was obtained and examined in detail. A technical approach wasdetermined whereby a functional analysis was prepared to determine the functions to beconducted during the excavation phase of the remediation operations, a literature searchwas conducted using the key words generated as a results of the functional analysis. Anumber of excavation technologies were identified from the literature. A set of screeningcriteria was developed that would examine the utility and ranking of the technologieswith respect to the operations that needed to be conducted at the