Art History: Sources in ?· Art History: Sources in Architecture Library Guide No. 24 ... Dictionary…
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Frick Fine Arts Library
Art History: Sources in Architecture
Library Guide No. 24
"Qui scit ubi scientis sit, ille est proximus habenti." Brunetiere*
Before Beginning Research
FFAL hours: M-H, 9-9; F, 9-5; Sa-Su, Noon 5 Policies:
Food and drink may only be consumed in the buildings cloister and not in the library. Personal Reserve: Undergraduate students may, if working on a class term paper, ask that books be checked out to the Personal Reserve area where they will be placed under your name while working on your paper. The materials may not leave the library. Requesting Items: All ULS libraries allow you to request an item that is in the ULS Storage Facillity at no charge by using the Requests Tab in Pitt Cat. Items that are not in the Pitt library system may also be requested from another library that owns them via the Requests tab in Pitt Cat. There is a $5.00 fee for journal articles using this service, but books are free of charge. Photocopying and Printing: There are two photocopiers and one printer in the FFAL Reference Room. One photocopier accepts cash (15 cents per copy) and both are equipped with a reader for the Pitt ID debit card (10 cents per copy). Funds may be added to the cards at a machine in Hillman Library by using cash or a major credit credit car; or by calling the Panther Central office (412-648-1100) or visiting Panther Central in the lobby of Litchfield Towers and using cash or a major credit card. The printers in ULS libraries also accept the Pitt ID debit card. NOTE: One may also pay for library fees and fines with the Pitt ID debit card or a major credit card. Retrieving Materials in the FFAL: Journals and books will be retrieved for you by student assistants in the Reading Room of the FFAL. Please submit to them a complete citation for the items you need (including complete call number). Use My Account Tab in Pitt Cat to keep track of requests made, know what fees may have accrued in your account, and renew books yourself.
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Notes on Using the Internet for Research
For research purposes, the Internet consists of the free web and Internet resources that are purchased and provided by ULS Libraries on the deep web (i.e., Groves Dictionary of Art and other databases listed below and Pitt Cat, the ULS online catalog).
Web resources on the deep web including many article databases are carefully
chosen to support academic work. Use these resources to locate books, articles, and other resources that you cannot access through the free web. Start on the ULS home page to search Internet resources provided by the ULS.
The free web is a great place to look for factual and introductory information and for
some types of images. Note, however, that only about 6% of the free web is academic in nature. Much of the rest of what is on the Internet is commercial or personal.
Sites on the free web vary greatly in quality and must be critically evaluated. While
books and journals are usually reviewed for substance and accuracy before they are published, anyone can create a web site that says anything at all. Evaluate each web site and choose the best ones for your work. For more on this topic see the ULS web site entitled Surfing the Cyber Library http://www.library.pitt.edu/guides/eval/
Use search engines to search the free web. Each search engine has strengths and
weaknesses and will produce different results. None effectively searches the entire web. Try using more than one search engine for your searches. Use an advanced search more to do more flexible searching.
Navigating the ULS Digital Library www.library.pitt.edu
Login: Pitt User Name and Password
ULS Digital Library includes over 400 databases that are available for your use with your Pitt User Name and Password 24/7 from dorm, office, or home.
Connecting From Home or Dorm Room You can connect from home to the ULS Digital Library and search the online databases to which it subscribes by using a web- based service called SSL VPN. Instructions on doing this are provided at a link in the NEWS section of the ULS Digital Library home page. Click on Accessing Library Resources from Off Campus. No special software is required. If you have problems connecting with SSL VPN, please contact Pitts Technology Department help line at 412-624-HELP (4357) for assistance. NOTE: If you do not connect to SSL-VPN, you will not be able to access any databases to which the ULS subscribes! Part of the fees you pay to attend Pitt pays for the databases, so you will want to put them to good use during your research projects.
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This bibliography is highly selective and is intended only as a guide to follow in beginning the research process. All items listed are either in the Frick Fine Arts Library or Hillman Library, but one must also note whether the title is in the Reading. Reference Room or stacks of the Frick Fine Arts Library or the Reference Department (Ground floor) of Hillman Library.
Gathering Information Two important words of advice: Throughout the research process it is essential that you record the complete citations as you find them. Incomplete citations will cause you to spend additional time attempting to locate them later! In addition, when doing research in the field of art and architectural history, it is also essential to keep track of where illustrations are located. Illustrations are not indexed well and keeping a record of where they are located will save you the time of trying to find the illustrations again after you decide you want to use some in your term paper. Creating Your Working Bibliography It is important to create a working bibliography while you search for materials.
E-mail, save to a disk / flash drive or printout the class reserves list E-mail, save to a disk / flash drive or printout Pitt Cat citations; or use the BookBag
feature of Pitt Cat to keep a list of the citations. E-mail, save to a disk / flash drive or printout citations for journal articles in
databases Fully explore footnotes and/or bibliographies in encyclopedia articles, books on
reserve, books found in Pitt Cat, essays and journal articles Keep a list of where illustrations are located that you may want to use in your
Gathering Introductory Information
Locating Introductory Information When beginning research on a topic with which one is unfamiliar, it is sometimes wise to look for background information. This can be accomplished by using specialized dictionaries and encyclopedias as a starting point for research. Their function is two-fold:
To present introductory information clearly and concisely; articles are written by scholars in the field
To lead the reader to further sources of information (by using the bibliographies at the end of each article)
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Encyclopedias Anderson, Janice. The Encyclopedia of North American Architecture. Edison, NJ: Chartwell Books, 2006. Frick Reference On order as of 1/16/2007 Encycopedia of American Architecture. Ed. by Robert T. Packard. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 1995. Frick Reference Encyclopedias NA705/P3/1995 Encyclopedia of Architecture: Design, Engineering & Construction. Ed. by Joseph A. Wilkes. New York: Wiley, 1988 - . Hillman Library Reference Ground floor NA31/E59/1988 Encyclopedia of 20th Century Architecture. Ed. by R. Stephen Sennott. 3 vols. New York: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2004. Frick Reference Encyclopedias NA680/E495/2000
Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World. Ed. by Paul Oliver. 3 vols. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Frick - Reference - NA208/E53/1997 A Global History of Architecture. Ed. by Francis D. K. Ching; Mark M. Jarzombek; and Vikramaditya Prakash. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007. Frick Reference Encyclopedias NA200/C493/2007
Arranged in chronological order, this encyclopedia covers architects and famous buildings throughout the world. Includes black-and-white photographs, floorplans, and timelines of historical periods.
Grove Dictionary of Art. Available for you to search yourself at any electronic device in ULS libraries. Begin at the ULS Digital Library Home Page, click Databases Alphabetically, click the letter G, and then click the title of the database.
This recent full-text encyclopedia for the field of art and architecture provides articles under the names of individual countries, including those in Africa and Asia (i.e., Central Asia, China, et al); biographies of individual artists and architects; and articles on art schools and concepts. Cities can also be searched as can the names of individual buildings. The articles and bibliographies have been written by art and architectural historians around the world. All of the information is current and updated periodically. Groves is particularly good for biographies on all but the most obscure artists -- and it is written in English, unlike many biographical resources on artists. New articles are added to the electronic database periodically (i.e. Contemporary Asian Art was added in Fall 2005). The key feature that sets this encyclopedia apart from all others in the field is that it covers all cultures and all countries. NOTES: Each article includes information on How to Cite the Article (scroll to the bottom of the article). While this database now places illustrations within recently written articles, when the database was first created, the images were located at a separate Links button and then search by subject or artists name.
Harris, Cyril M. American Architecture: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. New York: W. W. Norton, 1998. Frick Reference Encyclopedias NA705/H36/1998 Historic Architecture Sourcebook. New York: McGraw Hill, 1977. Frick - Reference Encyclopedias - NA31/H67
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International Dictionary of Historic Places. Ed. by Trudy Ring. 5 vols. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1995 - . Hillman Library Reference Ground floor CC135/I585/1995 Lampagnani, Vittorio. Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century Architecture. 3 vols. New York: Abrams, 1986. Frick - Reference Encyclopedias - NA680/H3913/1986 MacMillan Encyclopedia of Architects. 4 vols. New York: Free Press, 1982. Frick - Reference Biography NA40/M25/1982
The standard, comprehensive biographical dictionary.
Smith George Everard Kidder. Source Book of American Architecture: 500 Notable Buildings from the 10th Century to the Present. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1996. Frick NA705/S578/1996
Updated ed. of: The Architecture of the United States (1st ed. 1981.). Includes a bibliographic essay entitled The Literature of American Architecture by Kazys Varnelis, pp. 637-643.
Stierlin, Henri. Encyclopaedia of World Architecture. New York: Facts on File, 1977 Frick - Reference Encyclopedias - NA202/S76/1977 Dictionaries Dictionaries offer an excellent way to locate the definitions of specialized terminology in the field of architecture.
Burden, Ernest. Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture. New York: Mc Graw Hill, 1998. Frick - Reference Dictionaries - NA31/B83/1998 Carley, Rachel. Visual Dictionary of American Domestic Architecture. New York: Henry Holt, 1994. Frick - Reference - NA7205/C27/1994 Curl, James Stevens. Encyclopedia of Architectural Terms. London: Donhead, 1992. Frick - Reference Dictionaries - NA31/C87/1993 Fleming, John. The Penguin Dictionary of Architecture. 4th ed. New York: Penguin Books, 1991. Frick - Reference Dictionaries - NA31/F55/1991 Harris, Cyril M. Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 1993. Frick - Reference Dictionaries - NA31/H32/1993 A solid technical dictionary. ________. Historic Architecture Sourcebook. New York: McGraw Hill, 1977. Frick - Reference Encyclopedias - NA31/H67 A one-volume handbook with line drawings of architectural details. Harris, John. Illustrated Glossary of Architecture, 850-1830. London: Farber and Farber, 1966. Frick - Reference Dictionaries - NA31/H31
An authoritative dictionary with many black-and-white photographs
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International Dictionary of Architects and Architecture. 2 vols. Detroit: St. James Press, 1993. Frick - Reference Dictionaries - NA40/I48/1993 Lever, Jill. Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture, 800-1914. 2nd ed. Boston: Faber and Faber, 1993. Frick - Reference Dictionaries - NA31/L45/1993 Sturgis, Russell. A Dictionary of Architecture and Building, Biographical, Historical and Descriptive. 3 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1901-1902. Frick - Reference Encyclopedias - NA31/S93
Timeline Archive http://www.factmonster.com/spot/timelinearchive.html Timeline of Art History (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York) http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/splash.htm Timelines of History http://timelines.ws/
Biographical Sources Also consult some of the encyclopedias listed above such as Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Architecture, Groves Dictionary of Art, MacMillans Encyclopedia of Architects and the database entitled Avery Index listed below because it includes obituaries of architectus who are often difficult to find in other resources.
American Architects Directory. New York: R. R. Bowker. Hillman - Rq NA53 A512.
British Architecture Library. Royal Institute of British Architects. Directory of British Architects, 1834-1900. London: Mansell, 1993. Frick - NA967/D57/1993 Campbell, Cindy. Architects: A Guide to Biographical Sources. Chicago: Council of Planning Librarians, 1989-. Hillman - Reference Ground floor - Z674.5 A2 C852 no. 233. Colvin, Howard Montagu. A Biographical Dictonary of English Architects, 1660-1840. 3rd ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995. Frick - Reference Biographies - NA996/C6/1995
Contemporary Architects. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980. Frick - Reference - iNA40/ C76 (3rd ed., 1994 on order as of 5/22/07)
Harvey, John Hooper. English Mediaeval Architects: A Biographical Dictionary Down to 1550, Including Master Masons, Carpenters, Carvers, Building Contractors, and Others Responsible for Design. London: Batsford, 1954. Frick - NA996 H34
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Illustrated Directory of Architects, 1986/87. 2nd ed. London: The Architectural Press, 1986. Frick - NA60 G7 I44 1986
International Dictionary of Architects and Architecture. 2 vols. Detroit: St. James Press, 1993. Frick - Reference Biographies - NA40 I48 1993 Tatman, Sandra L. and Roger W. Moss. Biographical Dictionary of Philadelphia Architects, 1700-1930. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1985. Frick - Reference Biographies - NA735/P5T28/1985 Who's Who...