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Public Ignorance, Rejection and Denial
2. What does it mean to be anti-science?
Broad range of definitions and meanings in the literature
Includes pseudoscience and junk science
To be actively against the values and process of science
An umbrella term that means many things.
3. Anti-science history
Not new problem
Comes in waves
Persistent rests just under the surface waiting for opportunity
Long term trends of progress and knowledge overrun short term trends against it
4. Resistance to change
Fear of reaching beyond comfortable boundaries
Refusal to acknowledge an uncomfortable reality
Common in all aspects. Examples: new ways of doing things, safety implementation, new knowledge, technology
Tie between anti-science and neo-Luddism
Stop change, stop progress?
Forward into the past
Fear of consequences
6. Troubled by modern science
Dehumanized, not informed by morality
Out of control
Removing mystery and transcendent beauty
Expensive what is the benefit?
Ignorance of benefits
7. Off limits
8. Troubled by modern science
Western, masculine, white
9. Dichotomy of the public
Positive about the good from science
Use to solve world problems
Trustworthiness of scientists as experts
Science is dangerous and causes problems
Scientists are industry shills or greedy
Conspiracy of experts and government
10. Science literacy
Distorted view of science process, goals, scientists
Poor foundation prone to deconstructing
Incompatible with what science tells us about the world
Religion more important than science to peoples worldview
Science as a means to battle about contested values
Power and control
Use of rhetoric, straw man of science, and the blame game
13. Science and humanities
Two cultures (C.P. Snow)
Gap is wide
14. Philosophical anti-science
The academic left
Equal views. Science is a point-of-view.
A social construction, a product of the person and times.
Science is biased and exclusionary
16. Science Wars
Science vs humanities
Gross & Levitts Higher Superstition, conferences, journals
Dismissing established knowledge
Unmoved by data & evidence
Appeal to fairness
Ignores rules of science
18. Republican War on Science
Distortion & suppression
Industry interest to preserve the status quo
Hired guns to contort and manipulate scientific data
Bible as authority/truth rejection of knowledge
Using science strategically for political gains
20. Environmental extremism
Science has destroyed earth
Data not an issue
Simpler life, eschew technology
21. Global climate change
Confusion/Crisis of public confidence
Attacking science and scientists
Promotion of controversy
Difficult to interpret data
Is it about science?
Or about the ability of people to understand and be able to participate in society?
Feel science is no longer for the public good but for individual interests.
23. Against more than science
24. Spreading anti-science
Distrust of science in one area spreads to another
25. Countering anti-science
Exposure of anti-science errors and misinformation
Positive public relations
Anti-science is against science values, community and results
Science illiteracy is a factor
Anti-science is only a part of the social rejection of information
The public is easily swayed by rhetoric and deliberate deception.
Call for more scientists to be active in countering these views
What happens when society doesnt use science-based knowledge to inform their decision? People suffer. (Sherman)
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