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Animal, Plant & Soil Science. Lesson C7-10 The Poultry Industry. Objectives. List and briefly describe each of the major birds classified as poultry. Define terms used to describe poultry, and identify the external parts of poultry. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Animal, Plant & Soil Science

Animal, Plant & Soil ScienceLesson C7-10The Poultry Industry

1ObjectivesList and briefly describe each of the major birds classified as poultry.

Define terms used to describe poultry, and identify the external parts of poultry.

Compare and contrast the classes, breeds, and varieties of chickens.

2ObjectivesCompare and contrast the popular breeds of turkeys, ducks, and geese.

Recognize the advantages and disadvantages of poultry production.

Identify leading states and nations in poultry production and determine major export and import markets for the United States.

3ObjectivesExamine the impact of the poultry industry on the U.S. and Minnesota economies.

4Terms bantam breed broilers capon chick class cockerel

down drake duckling flock gaggle gander goose5Terms gosling hen poult hen layers poult poultry

pullet rooster spent hens strain tom tom poult variety6What are the major birds classified as poultry?Poultry is the group name for all domesticated birds used for meat, eggs, or feathers.Poultry is also referred to as birds and fowl. These birds have wings, backbones, and feathers; some can even swim. A. The main group of poultry is chickens. Chickens are the largest segment of the poultry industry. These birds are raised for meat and eggs. There are many types and breeds of chickens. Many chickens are raised in commercial settings.

7What are the major birds classified as poultry?B. Turkeys are next largest division of the poultry industry. Turkeys are raised for meat products. The white meat from turkeys is widely consumed in the United States.C. The third sector of the poultry industry is ducks. Meat, eggs, down, and feathers are the main products. Down is the soft, feathery covering that grows under the feathers. Ducks and duck products are notused or consumed as much as chickensand turkeys in the United States.

8What are the major birdsclassified as poultry?D. Geese are raised for several reasons. Meat, eggs, feathers, and down are the main products. Geese provide specialized meat/food products for holiday occasions. They are also used for weeding fields. E. Some other birds are classified as poultry but are not produced in numbers as large as the birds mentioned above. These include peafowl, swans, ratites, and guinea fowl. Several species are raised for specialized products.

9What are the major birdsclassified as poultry?Peafowl

Guinea fowl

Swan

What are the proper terms used in describing poultry, and what are the external parts of poultry?To discuss poultry, familiarity with common terms is important.A. Chickens are classified as layers or broilers. Layers are chickens used to produce large quantities of eggs. Eggs are used for foodand to produce chicks.

11What are the proper terms used in describing poultry, and what are the external parts of poultry?Spent hens are hens that are no longer laying. These hens will go to the meat market and will be used for processed foods. Soups and baked chicken commonly use meat from spent hens. Broilers are six- to seven-week-old chickens weighing about 4 pounds that are used for meat because they are tender.

12What are the proper terms used in describing poultry, and what are the external parts of poultry?B. Chickens are grouped by sex and age. A baby chicken of either sex is a chick. A young male chicken is a cockerel. A castrated (neutered) male chicken is a capon. A mature male chicken is a rooster. A young female chicken is a pullet.A mature female chicken is a hen, as is a mature female duck, turkey, or pheasant. A miniature chicken is a bantam.A group of chickens is a flock.

13What are the proper terms used in describing poultry, and what are the external parts of poultry?C. Turkeys are also grouped by sex and age. An adult male turkey is a tom or a gobbler. A mature female is a hen. A young turkey of either sex is a poult.Commonly, a young turkey is called either a tom poult or a hen poult. A group of turkeys is a flock.

14What are the proper terms used in describing poultry, and what are the external parts of poultry?D. Ducks have down that grows under the feathers. A drake is a mature male duck.A hen is a mature female duck. A duckling is a young duck of either sex.E. A young goose is a gosling. A male goose at maturity is a gander. A female goose at maturity is a goose or a hen. When not flying, a group of geese is a gaggle.

15What are the proper terms used in describing poultry, and what are the external parts of poultry?Externally, most birds are very similar. Features on the head and neck help identify them. Breeds of birds have different colored shanks, and pigments are different if the hen has been laying eggs. Ducks and geese live around water and can swim.Thus, the external structures of their feet are different from those of chickens and turkeys, which cannot swim. Heads of poultry can differentiate birds. Male birds typically will have larger head features, such as the knob in geese, the comb in chickens, and the beard in turkeys.

16What are the proper terms used in describing poultry, and what are the external parts of poultry?

17What are the different classes, breeds, and varieties of chickens?There are more than 300 breeds and varieties of chickens. A breed is a group of animals of the same origin with similar characteristics that differentiate them from other breeds within the same species. A variety is a subdivision of a breed. With poultry, a variety may have a distinguishing color, a particular comb size or type, or the presence of a beard.

18What are the different classes, breeds, and varieties of chickens?A strain is a population within a variety that possesses common traits. Commercial poultry producers use strains for specific purposes in production.A group of birds developed in the same geographic area is categorized as a particular class. In the United States, chickens are commonly grouped into four main classes. The classes are Mediterranean, American, English, and Asiatic.

19What are the different classes, breeds, and varieties of chickens?A. Common Mediterranean breeds:1. The Leghorn is a very common breed used for egg laying. Leghorns prefer to wander around and are good foragers. This breed is also known for its ability to take flight. Leghorns produce white eggs.They express yellow skin, yellow shanks, white earlobes, and reddish-bay eyes. The Leghorn is the most popular breed, with 12 common varieties and the highest production numbers in the United States. The White Leghorn is a popular variety.

20What are the different classes, breeds, and varieties of chickens?2. The Minorca is the largest of the Mediterranean breeds. It has a long tail and large, wide feathers. The Minorca also has a large comb. The Black Minorca is a popular variety. Minorcas produce white eggs. They express white skin, dark slate shanks, white earlobes, and brown eyes. Because of their narrow bodies, they are typically not raised for their meat.

21What are the different classes, breeds, and varieties of chickens?3. The Andalusian has a distinctive blue color produced by the breeding of a black Andalusian and a white Andalusian. Birds of this breed are small in frame, active, and rarely seen in large numbers. They produce white eggs. They express white skin; dark, slaty blue shanks; white earlobes; and reddish-bay eyes. Blue Andalusian birds are typicallyraised for their beauty and ornamentalpurposes.

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What are the different classes, breeds, and varieties of chickens?B. Common American breeds:1. The Plymouth Rock is used for meat and egg production.

It expresses a broad back and a deep, full breast. Other external characteristics include yellow skin, yellow shanks, red earlobes, and reddish-bay eyes.Females are primarily used as commercial broilers. Popular varieties include the Barred Plymouth Rock and the White Plymouth Rock. The breed lays brown eggs.

23What are the different classes, breeds, and varieties of chickens?2. The New Hampshire is known as a medium-sized meat chicken. It is an average egg layer. New Hampshires are aggressive chickens and make good mothers.Their color is a medium to light red. They lay brown eggs. Hampshires have yellow skin, yellow shanks, red earlobes, and reddish-bay eyes.

24What are the different classes, breeds, and varieties of chickens?3. The Rhode Island Red has two varieties: single and rose comb. It is known for being a hardy bird with the ability to produce eggs despite a poor diet and poor housing. The Rhode Island Red is a dual-purpose breed; that is, it is raised for meat and eggs. The breed is dark red and lays brown eggs. Rhode Island Reds have yellow skin, yellow shanks, red earlobes, and reddi