ancient greece & rome

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  • 1. Classical Greece and Rome

2. 1. Americans love Greek and Roman ideas. 3. Rome 4. Philadelphia 5. Rome 6. Washington, D. C. 7. The ParthenonAthens, 8. The Philadelphia Art MuseumPhiladelphia 9. The Acropolis (2,000 years ago)Athens, http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/videos#the-acropolis-deconstructed 10. FairmountPhiladelphia 11. The Pantheon, Rome. 12. Jefferson Memorial, Washington, D.C. 13. http://www.zippycreativeservices.com.au/images/blank-world-map2.jpg 14. Europe http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/t humb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereogr aphic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px- Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_proje ction%29_cropped.svg.png 15. Europehttp://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png Greece 16. Europehttp://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png Rome 17. 2. Ancient Greece 18. 2. Geography of Greece Today, a small country in Europe. near the Mediterranean Sea. main part of Greece: on a peninsula. 19. 2. Geography of Greece small country in Europe. near the Mediterranean Sea. main part of Greece: on a peninsula. (peninsula: land surrounded by water on three sides.) 20. 2. Geography of Greece small country in Europe. near the Mediterranean Sea. main part of Greece: on a peninsula. (peninsula: land surrounded by water on three sides.) the rest of Greece: many islands. 21. 2. Geography of Greece small country in Europe. near the Mediterranean Sea. main part of Greece: on a peninsula. (peninsula: land surrounded by water on three sides.) the rest of Greece: many islands and many mountains 22. 2. Geography of Greece small country in Europe. near the Mediterranean Sea. main part of Greece: on a peninsula. (peninsula: land surrounded by water on three sides.) the rest of Greece: many islands and many mountains 23. Greek City-States 24. Greek City-States Greek City-States were isolated. 25. Greek City-States Greek City-States were isolated because of mountains and islands. (isolated: alone.) 26. 3.Greek City-States Greek City-States were isolated because of mountains and islands.(isolated: alone.) City-states were like countries with their own laws, leaders & money. 27. 3. Two ImportantGreek City-States:Sparta & Athens Athens Sparta 28. 4. Spartas focus: Military Strengthhttp://www.history.com/topics/ancient- 29. 4. Spartas focus: Military Strength Government: Kings Not important: reading, writing, art. Very important: training to become good soldiers. Boys: 7 years old boys left their parents to study warfareand athletics. Girls: trained to be good athletes and to bemothers of soldiers. 30. 5. Athens Focus: Art, Culture, Democracy 31. 5. Athens Focus: Art, Culture, Democracy Government: People of Athens voted for leaders (democracy). Important: art, architecture, beauty and military power. Boys from rich families: went to school and trained to besoldiers. Adult men could become citizens and vote. Girls: learned how to take care of their homes. Adult womenhad no rights. 32. 6. Athens v. SpartaThe City-States of Athens and Sparta fought to control all ofGreece in the Peloponnesian War.After 27 years of fighting, Spartadefeated Athens. 33. Famous Greek Philosophers 34. Philosophy **= love= wisdom 35. *7. Philosophy Philosophers = seekers of wisdom. Philosophers are teachers. They use reasons and questions to study theworld and explain life.*philo= lovesophia = wisdom 36. SocratesSocrates was a famous teacher who taughthis students it is important to do the right thing. think for yourself Socrates way of teaching: ask questionsto discover true ideas. (Socratic method.) 37. The children now love luxury;they have bad manners, contempt forauthority; they show disrespect for eldersand love chatter in place of exercise. Children are now tyrants, not the servantsof their households. They no longer risewhen elders enter the room. They contradicttheir parents, chatter before company,gobble up dainties at the table, cross theirlegs, and tyrannize their teachers. 38. Plato student of Socrates. started the worlds first university. wrote about fair governments and fairleaders in a book called The Republic. 39. SocratesSocrates and his student, PlatoDetail of The School of Athens by Raffaello 40. AristotlePlato was Aristotles teacher.He wrote books about science art law poetry government. 41. Plato and his student, young AristotleDetail of The School of Athens by Raffaello 42. 8. Famous Greek Writers 43. Aesop a slave of Greece. wrote fables (stories) thatteach lessons. many were animal stories. Aesops Fables: stillpopular today. 44. Aesops Fables 45. Herodotus wrote the firsthistory books 46. 9. Famous Greek Leaders 47. Pericles Democratic leader of Athens. Constructed the Parthenon and the Acropolis 48. Alexander the Great son of King Phillip II. young, strong military leader 49. Aristotle was his teacher. young, strong military leaderAristotle teaching young Alexander 50. Alexander the Great made Greece a large empire. conquered Persia, Egypt, theMiddle East, Northern India. spread Greek ideas all over theworld Alexander the Great did all ofthis by the time he was 33. 51. The Empire of King Philip(Father of Alexander the Great) 52. Alexander the Great spread Greek culture far across Europe, Asia & Africa. 53. The Roman Empire 54. Europehttp://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png Rome 55. 10. The Romans conquered Greece.They controlled Greece, but they loved Greek ideas and copiedthem.For example, they loved Greek gods.They changed the gods names to Roman names.king of the gods queen of the gods god of the seagod of war goddess of wisdomgoddess of loveZeusHera Poseidon AresAthenaAprhroditeJupiterJunoNeptuneMars MinervaVenus 56. Rhea was the twins mother.Her uncle, the king, was afraid that thetwins would try to take his power.Rome is named for Romulus.11. How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 57. The kings order: Drown the babies inthe Tiber River.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 58. Tiberinus, the river god, put the twins onland.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 59. Lupa the wolf found thetwins and raised them.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 60. The image of the mother wolf raisingthe twins Romulus and Remus is apopular image in ancient art.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 61. How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 62. How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 63. How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 64. A shepherd found the twins...How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 65. and brought them home.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 66. How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 67. Romulus and Remus grew up. They often arguedHow Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 68. and had bitter fights.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 69. They decided to work together andestablish a city on the hill where Lupafound them.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 70. They argued and fought about building a wall around the city. Remus died. Romulus named the new city after himself, Rome.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus 71. The Roman Empire: Before Caesarhttp://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png 72. The Roman Empire: Before Caesarhttp://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png 73. 12. Julius CaesarExcellent military leader.He never lost a battle.He conquered a lot of land for Rome andmade the empire very large.Vini, vidi, vici. 74. Julius CaesarExcellent military leader.He never lost a battle.He conquered a lot of land for Rome andmade the empire very large. I came, I saw,I conquered. 75. The Roman Empire: Before Caesarhttp://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png 76. The Roman Empire: After Caesar 77. Julius CaesarSoldiers loved him.The Romanpeople loved him.Became leader of Rome in 55 B.C.E. 78. Did you know these facts about Julius Caesar?Pirates kidnapped him when he was 16.He escaped.He improved the Roman calendar(July is named for Caesar.)Set up the first newspapers (news signs). 79. Did you know these facts about Julius Caesar?Caesar and Cleopatra of Egypt loved each other. 80. Other leaders in Rome were afraid of Caesars popularity andpower.They assassinated him. 81. 13. Roman Military StrengthRoman soldiers were very tough.People said the Roman army was like a fighting machine.They conquered a lot of land for Rome. 82. 14. Roman Roads Each time Roman soldiers conquered a city, they built a new road connecting the city to Rome. 83. Roman RoadsRomans built over 53,000 miles of roads. Most of the

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