Ancient Greece Birthplace of Western Civilization.

Download Ancient Greece Birthplace of Western Civilization.

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Slide 1 Ancient Greece Birthplace of Western Civilization Slide 2 Slide 3 Slide 4 Greek Geography Ancient Greece sets on a Peninsula (water on three sides) Mediterranean Sea Many Islands River Valleys are scattered among mountainous terrain Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7 Slide 8 Slide 9 Slide 10 Slide 11 Slide 12 Slide 13 Impact of Geography Excellent Sailors Trade is Crucial Isolated Communities: become very independent Rivalry among Greek communities creates warfare. Slide 14 The Minoans Civilization on the Island of Crete Knossos Capital huge palace structure Powerful Trading People Civilization disappeared Destroyed by Tidal Wave? Conquered by Mycenae? Slide 15 Slide 16 Slide 17 Slide 18 Slide 19 Slide 20 Slide 21 Slide 22 Slide 23 The Mycenae The 1 st Greeks Fortified Cities, Surrounded by giant walls Warrior people Civilization collapses Greeks enter dark ages Slide 24 Slide 25 The Polis: Center of Greek Life Polis: A town or city and its surrounding country side. Acropolis: meeting place for the people of the polis. Surrounded by a wall, people went here in an attack. Public buildings Agora: open area usually held a market Slide 26 Slide 27 Slide 28 The Community Citizens with Rights: Adult Males ONLY Citizens with out rights: Women and Children Non-Citizens: Slaves or Foreigners All citizens had responsibilities to the state Slide 29 Slide 30 Greek Military Hoplites: Heavily armed foot soldiers, fought as a unit Phalanx: Greek fighting unit, used shields to create a wall Slide 31 Slide 32 Slide 33 Slide 34

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