Ancient Greece Birthplace of Western Civilization

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  • Ancient Greece Birthplace of Western Civilization
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  • Greek Geography Ancient Greece sets on a Peninsula (water on three sides) Mediterranean Sea Many Islands River Valleys are scattered among mountainous terrain
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  • Impact of Geography Excellent Sailors Trade is Crucial Isolated Communities: become very independent Rivalry among Greek communities creates warfare.
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  • The Minoans Civilization on the Island of Crete Knossos Capital huge palace structure Powerful Trading People Civilization disappeared Destroyed by Tidal Wave? Conquered by Mycenae?
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  • The Mycenae The 1 st Greeks Fortified Cities, Surrounded by giant walls Warrior people Civilization collapses Greeks enter dark ages
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  • The Polis: Center of Greek Life Polis: A town or city and its surrounding country side. Acropolis: meeting place for the people of the polis. Surrounded by a wall, people went here in an attack. Public buildings Agora: open area usually held a market
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  • The Community Citizens with Rights: Adult Males ONLY Citizens with out rights: Women and Children Non-Citizens: Slaves or Foreigners All citizens had responsibilities to the state
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  • Greek Military Hoplites: Heavily armed foot soldiers, fought as a unit Phalanx: Greek fighting unit, used shields to create a wall
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