An Introduction to the History of Czechoslovak Thought and Science: A Critical Bibliography

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<ul><li><p>An Introduction to the History of Czechoslovak Thought and Science: A Critical BibliographyAuthor(s): Miloslav Rechcigl, Jr.Source: Isis, Vol. 62, No. 1 (Spring, 1971), pp. 79-95Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science SocietyStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/229002 .Accessed: 09/05/2014 11:21</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>The University of Chicago Press and The History of Science Society are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize,preserve and extend access to Isis.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.78.108.114 on Fri, 9 May 2014 11:21:18 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=ucpresshttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=hsshttp://www.jstor.org/stable/229002?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>An Introduction to the History f </p><p>Czechoslovak Thought and Science: </p><p>A Critical ibliography </p><p>By Miloslav Rechcigl, Jr.* </p><p>IN RECENT YEARS there has been an increased emphasis on the study of Slavic and East European affairs, in practically every major field of human endeavor. These </p><p>studies for the most part concern the U.S.S.R., while relatively little attention has been devoted to other East European countries. The field of history of science is no excep- tion in this regard. The present compilation has been undertaken in an effort to fill-at least partially-the gap which has so long existed. To my knowledge this is the first comprehensive, although necessarily selective, bibliography of fundamental sources dealing with the history of Czechoslovak thought and science, here as well as abroad. It is intended as a working bibliography for scholar, student, teacher, librarian, and the like, and it is hoped that it will stimulate historians of science to take a serious look into the brilliant and oft-unexplored past of Czechoslovak science. </p><p>How many of our contemporaries realize that such illustrious names as Agricola, Jessenius, Tycho Brahe, Marci, Kepler, Comenius, Kekule, Barrande, Matthioli, Rokitansky, Skoda, Bolzano, Mendel, Freud, Purkinje, and Cori have been associated with Czech lands, either through their birth, national origin, or by their work there? Not too many, I am sure. By the same token, only a few students of the history of science are cognizant of the fact that the first engineering school in Europe was located in Prague; or that the etymological origin of the word dollar can be traced to the Czech thaller, which had been coined in Jaichymov mines between 1519 and 1670 and which served then as a gold monetary unit in Central Europe. </p><p>If these words will arouse doubt and skepticism, so much the better; then my effort will not have been in vain. Such doubt in a scholar's mind can mark the beginnings of a serious future study. </p><p>Contents of the Bibliography </p><p>A. Intellectual and Cultural Life in General 1. Bibliographies 2. Biographical Materials 3. Reference Works and Collections of Works </p><p>B. Academies and Learned Societies and Institutions 1. Serials 2. Histories, Activities, and Publications </p><p>*Agency for International Development, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C. 20523. </p><p>79 </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.78.108.114 on Fri, 9 May 2014 11:21:18 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>80 MILOSLAV RECHCIGL, JR. </p><p>C. Philosophy 1. Bibliographies 2. Histories and Surveys </p><p>D. Scientific and Technological Thought 1. Bibliographies 2. Serials 3. Historical Development </p><p>E. Science Policy and Organization of Research 1. Bibliographies 2. Descriptive and Analytical Surveys </p><p>BIBLIOGRAPHY </p><p>A. INTELLECTUAL AND CULTURAL LIFE IN GENERAL </p><p>1. Bibliographies </p><p>1. Miloslav Rechcigl, Jr. "Czechoslovakia and Its Arts and Sciences: A Selective Bibliography in the Western European Languages," pp. 555-634 in The Czecho- slovak Contribution to World Culture (see 7). </p><p>A comprehensive bibliography of books and important articles concerning Czechoslovakia with emphasis on its cultural accomplishments and influences throughout history. Altogether there are 1,318 entries in classified arrangement, covering the humanities, arts, social sciences, natural sciences, technology, and Czechs and Slovaks in the United States and other countries. </p><p>2. Miloslav Rechcigl, Jr. "Czechoslavakia in Bibliography: A Bibliography of Bibliographies," pp. 1693-1801 in Czechoslovakia Past and Present. Vol. II: Essays on the Arts and Sciences. The Hague/Paris: Mouton, 1969. </p><p>A bibliography of general bibliographies and related reference materials on Czechoslovakia, regardless of language and place of publication. It comprises bibliographies of bibliographies, general bibliographies on Slavic and East Central Europe, selective bibliographies on Czechoslovakia, bibliographies of publications on and by Czechoslovak emigrants and exiles, library catalogues outside Czecho- slovakia, and Czechoslovak national bibliographies. These are followed by biblio- graphies of incunabula and early printed books, bibliographies of dissertations and other academic publications, and bibliographies of dictionaries and translations. In addition to these true bibliographies there are also sections on general encyclo- pedias and handbooks, biographical materials, and miscellaneous bibliographic aids, such as dictionaries of abbreviations, anonyms, and pseudonyms, information about libraries and archives and the state of librarianship in Czechoslovakia, lists of books on printing and book production, and publications concerning Czechoslovak book art. </p><p>2. Bibliographical Materials </p><p>3. Antonin Dolensky, ed. Kulturni adresar' CSR. Biograficky slovnik zijicich kulturnich pracovnikuz a pracovnic. (Cultural Directory of the Czechoslovak Republic. A </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.78.108.114 on Fri, 9 May 2014 11:21:18 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>A HISTORY OF CZECHOSLOVAK SCIENCE 81 </p><p>Biographical Dictionary of Living Cultural Workers.) Prague: Nakladatelstvi J. Zeibrdlich, 1934. 586 pp., illus., port., col. plts. </p><p>Still the best and, in fact, the only available one-volume reference source, providing 5,500 short biographies of prominent Czechoslovak personalities in various fields of the arts, letters, and science, from the era of the First Czechoslovak Republic. Persons entered are listed according to their field of interest as well as alphabetically. The book includes lists of Czechoslovak cultural and research centers, universities, technical and arts schools, scientific institutions, libraries, museums, archives, societies, academies, foundations, as well as pseudonyms. For the contemporary era one may refer to Heinrich Kuhn and Otto Boss, Biographisches Handbuch der Tschechoslowakei (Munich: Robert Lerche, 1961, 640 pp.). For earlier periods see F. M. Pelzel, Abbildungen boihmischer u. mlihrischer Gelehrten und Kiinstler. Nebst Nachrichten v. ihretn Leben u. Wirken (Prague, 1773-1782, 4 vols.). </p><p>4. Eva Rechcigl, comp. Czechoslovak Society of Arts and Sciences in America, Inc. Directory. New York: Czechoslovak Society of Arts and Sciences in America, 1966. 80 pp. </p><p>Brief biographies of some 1,000 members of the Czechoslovak Society of Arts and Sciences in America representing prominent Czechoslovaks, in just about every field of cultural endeavor, who live in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Australia, and Western Europe. The members are listed in alphabetical order as well as by geographical location and field of interest. A report on the activities and publications of the society for 1956-1966 is appended. </p><p>A revised edition appeared under the title Directory of the Members of the Czecho- slovak Society of Arts and Sciences in America, Inc. (New York, 1969, 100 pp.) </p><p>3. Reference Works and Collections of Works </p><p>5. Vladimir Nosek. The Spirit of Bohemia: A Survey of Czech History, Music and Literature. London: Allen and Unwin, 1926. 379 pp. </p><p>Although somewhat out of date, this book provides a good introduction to Czechoslovakia's culture, character, mentality, and spiritual achievements. Despite the title, information on Slovakia is also given; in particular, Slovak literature is covered in fair detail. May be supplemented with Karel Capek, et al., At the Cross-Roads of Europe. A Historical Outline of the Democratic Idea in Czecho- slovakia (Prague: Pen Club, 1938, 275 pp.). Among contemporary publications of this type, one may refer to Emil Schieche and Friedrich Repp, Die Kultur der Tschechen und der Slowaken (Frankfurt a. M.: Athenaion, 1966, 136 pp.). Slovak culture is dealt with in Stephen J. Palickar's Slovakian Culture in the Light of History, Ancient, Medieval and Modern (Cambridge, Mass.: Hampshire Press, 1954, 283 pp.). The book is partisan in approach, being written by a supporter of the Slovak separatist cause. </p><p>6. Vilem Mathesius, ed. Co daly nase zeme Evrope' a lidstvu. (What our Country Has Contributed to Europe and to Mankind.) 2nd ed., Prague: Sfinx-Bohumil Janda, 1940. 430 pp. </p><p>An excellent collection of articles and essays written by leading Czech scholars </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.78.108.114 on Fri, 9 May 2014 11:21:18 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>82 MILOSLAV RECHCIGL, JR. </p><p>of the prewar era. Probably the best single-volume work in the Czech language dealing with various aspects of Czechoslovak culture and its influences on other civilizations, from the beginnings of the Great Moravian Empire up to the Second World War. May be supplemented by Ferdinand Tadra's Kulturni styky Cech s cizinou az do valek husitskych (The Cultural Contacts of Bohemia with other Countries up to the Hussite Wars) (Prague: Krailovska' Ceska' spolecnost nauk, 1897, 436 pp.). The latter publication is a thorough and objective survey, based on primary sources, of the mutual relations of Bohemia and other countries, covering all fields of human endeavor, including scholarship, the arts, and commerce. </p><p>7. Miloslav Rechcigl, Jr., ed. The Czechoslovak Contribution to World Culture. The Hague/London/Paris: Mouton, 1964. 682 pp., figs., plt., tbls., index, bibl. </p><p>An English counterpart of Mathesius' volume (6). A collection of 57 papers, most of which were originally presented at the First Congress of the Czechoslovak Society of Arts and Sciences in America. A wide variety of topics is covered under the following headings: literature and literary criticism, linguistics, music and fine arts, history, political science and philosophy, sociology, economics, law, science and technology, Czechs and Slovaks abroad, and bibliography. Appendices include biographies of authors and a detailed name and subject index. Of a similar arrange- ment are the Proceedings of the Second Congress of the Czechoslovak Society of Arts and Sciences in America, Czechoslovakia Past and Present, ed. Miloslav Rechcigl, Jr. Vol. I: Political, International, Social, and Economic Aspects. Vol. II: Essays on the Arts and Sciences (The Hague/Paris: Mouton, 1969). </p><p>8. Ceskoslovenskd vlastivMda. Dil X: OsvcVta. (Book of Knowledge on Czechoslovakia. Vol. X: Learning.). Edited by Otakar Ka'dner. Prague: Sfinx-Bohumil Janda, 1931. 650 pp., index, illus. </p><p>An authoritative survey of the advances in education, scholarship, and science in Czechoslovakia with emphasis on the preceding fifty years, since the time of the National Revival. Covers education, theology, law literature, historical literature, philology, literature of natural sciences (including mathematics, physics, chemistry, mineralogy, geology, geomorphology, botany, zoology, geography), travel, cultural contacts with other countries, tourism, physical education and sports. The book is a sequel to an earlier, equally authoritative publication, Pamatnik na oslavu padesdtileteho panovnickeho jubileajeho veli6enstva a krale Frantiska Josefa L Vedeckj a umelecky rozvoj v narode ceskem 1848-1898 (A Festschrift Commemorat- ing the 50th anniversary of the Reign of His Majesty the Emperor and King Franz Josef I. The Scientific and Artistic Advances of the Czech Nation 1848-1898.) (Prague: Nakl. Ceske akademie cisaire Frantis'ka Josefa pro vedy, slovesnost a umeni, 1898, 1089 pp.). </p><p>9. Karol Rosenbaum, ed. Slovenska kulti2ra 1945-1965. (Slovak Culture, 1945-1965.) Bratislava: Obzor, 1965. 156 pp. </p><p>Six essays by different authors presenting an official evaluation of the 20-years' progress in Slovakia after the Second World War. Significant contemporary achievements in literature and the arts are attributed to the favorable policies of the present socialist government in Czechoslovakia. For a Marxist interpretation of cultural developments in Slovakia from the time of the Great Moravian Empire up to the present, see Stefan Pasiar and P. Paska, Osveta na Slovensku. Jej vznik, pociatky a vjvoj (Learning in Slovakia. Its Origin, Beginnings and Development) (Bratislava: Osveta, 1964, 352 pp.). </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.78.108.114 on Fri, 9 May 2014 11:21:18 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>A HISTORY OF CZECHOSLOVAK SCIENCE 83 </p><p>10. Kultura-Dodatky. Sbornik pradvnich predpisu. (Culture-Supplements. Collection of Legal Regulations.) Compiled by Karel Neumann. Prague: Orbis, 1968. 1306 PP. </p><p>A compendium updating three similar editions previously published on legal provisions concerning Czechoslovakia's cultural establishment. </p><p>B. ACADEMIES AND LEARNED SOCIETIES AND INSTITUTIONS </p><p>1. Serials </p><p>11. Ceskoslovenska akacdemic ved. Vestnik. (Bulletin.) Vol. I-, 1891-. Prague: Nakladatelstvl Ceskoslovenske akadeniie ved. Bimonthly. </p><p>The official journal of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, reporting on research and publishing activities, with information on officials and organization changes. Issues of October 1891 to October 1952 by Ieskal akademie ved a umeni (called through June 1918 Ceska' akademie cisarie Frantis'ka Josefa pro vedy, slovesnost a umeni). Indices: Vols. I-XXV, 1891-1916, in Vol. XXV. </p><p>2. Histories, Activities, and Publications </p><p>12. The Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences; the Slovak Academy of Sciences. Handbook, 1964. Prague, 1964. 246 pp., index. </p><p>Prepared by the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, this handbook provides data concerning the academy and the Slovak Academy of Sci...</p></li></ul>

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