American Literature & Its Art, Final

Download American Literature & Its Art, Final

Post on 08-May-2015

484 views

Category:

Education

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li>1.Presented by Elizabeth Maxwell-Carlson, Jacquie Cullen and Robert Ward</li></ul><p>2. Christopher Columbus&amp; America 3. 4. 1.Which figure is Columbus? 5. 2.What things are the Indians holding or carrying?List as many as you can. 6. 3. Given those items you just listed, what conclusions can you draw about the nature of the Indians as the artist is portraying them? 7. 4.See the guy to the left of Christopher Columbus? What is he wearing?Look closely! 8. 5.Given those details, what conclusions can you draw about who this man is? (his societal position) 9. 6.Where are the flag and cross positioned in the painting?Describe their placement. 10. 7.What does the placement of the flag and cross suggest about Christopher Columbus and his mission? 11. 8.How scary do the Indians look?Support your answer with 3 specific details from the painting. 12. 9. As portrayed in the painting, how do the Indians feel about Christopher Columbus?Support your answer with 3 specific details from the painting. 13. 10. So, overall, what is this artist saying about Christopher Columbuss arrival in America through his painting? 14. 11.Compare and contrast this paintings depiction of the Indians with what Columbus wrote in his Journal. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. What would Howard Zinn say we should do when we look at paintings like this? 20. What would Howard Zinn say we should do when we look at paintings like this? What role can paintings like these play in the formation of our ideologies? 21. Picturing America </p> <ul><li>http://picturingamerica.neh.gov/ </li></ul><ul><li>The accompanying resource book is also available online.Search for the art work and look for a pdf file. For example: </li></ul><ul><li>http://picturingamerica.neh.gov/downloads/pdfs/Resource_Guide_Chapters/PictAmer_Resource_Book_Chapter_15A.pdf </li></ul><p>22. 23. </p> <ul><li>Cole isconsidered the Father of the Hudson River School of Art. </li></ul><ul><li>Cole was born in England in 1801 and emigrated to the United States in 1818. </li></ul><ul><li>Coles paintings were of a Romantic nature which demonstrated the power of nature through the visible hand of God </li></ul><ul><li>Hudson River School of Art was the first Native School of American Art. </li></ul><ul><li>The subject matter focused on the unique American landscape starting in the New York region of the Hudson River. </li></ul><ul><li>The paintings were allegorical in nature capturing the hopefulness of the American experiment and the celebration of the American landscape </li></ul><ul><li>The art concentrated on the power of nature and its place in American culture. </li></ul><p>24. </p> <ul><li>Comment on the colors used in this piece. What does the artist wish to express as a theme with the colors he uses? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the panoramic view that the artist creates. What was the artist attempting to capture? What do you notice about the size of the objects in this painting? </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the clarity of the picture. What can you see? What is hazy? What emotions does the image create? </li></ul><ul><li>Art critics have stated that landscape artists must decide what we should see. What do you think the artist wants his audience to see? </li></ul><ul><li>In this painting, there are no humans. What do you think the artist is making as a commentary about mans relationship to the environment? If there were humans in this painting, what would be the size of the humans and what would be the humans relationship to the environment? </li></ul><p>25. 26. </p> <ul><li>Bingham was a self-taught painter of the American frontier. </li></ul><ul><li>Bingham focused on the unique nature of Americans not influenced by European traditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Binghams characters are detailed and precise which is opposite the landscape paintings. </li></ul><ul><li>Bingham develops a story in his painting. </li></ul><ul><li> The County Election is one of a series of paintings from Binghams Election Series paintings. </li></ul><ul><li>This painting depicts Election Day in Saline County, Missouri when Bingham was running for state legislature. </li></ul><ul><li>The painting depicts the democratic process and the political life of the Western Frontier.</li></ul><p>27. </p> <ul><li>Compare The County Election to a landscape painting. What do you see as similarities and/or differences in the approaches that the artists use? </li></ul><ul><li>Choose one person or a small group that caught your attention and develop why this person or group caught your attention. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think this picture is crowded with people? </li></ul><ul><li>How would the election process in this painting compare with todays election process? What does this election process suggest to us aboutdemocracy in America at this time? </li></ul><ul><li>What people are votingin this election? </li></ul><p>28. 29. </p> <ul><li>Bierstadt was born and educated in Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>He was a romantic and landscape painter. </li></ul><ul><li>Bierstadt was captivated by the majesty of the American West and his works satiated American curiosity about the West. </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape painting focuses on the expression of mood through the depiction of nature unencumbered by man. </li></ul><ul><li>The landscape painting uses color to depict the reality of emotion. </li></ul><ul><li>The landscape artist does not focus on shape and form as he/she would with portraits. </li></ul><p>30. </p> <ul><li>Write down three to four words which come to mind when viewing the painting. Explain why these were the first words which came to your mind. </li></ul><ul><li>When you look at the painting, what do you see? Comment on the form used by Bierstadt in this painting. </li></ul><ul><li>If you were in the middle of this picture, what would be your initial impression of this environment?</li></ul><p>31. 32. </p> <ul><li>Homer was born in Boston, Massachusettsand was hired by The Harpers Weekly to create sketches depicting The Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>The sketches focused on common activities of the soldier during the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, Homer shifted his artistic medium from sketches to oil paintings and water color art. </li></ul><ul><li>Realism is a form of art which is visible to the eye. </li></ul><ul><li>Typically, the artist of realism would focus on the common man. </li></ul><ul><li>The art would bind the artist to the subject matter the artist is doing the seeing. </li></ul><p>33. </p> <ul><li>What are the different interpretations for the phrase A New Field? </li></ul><ul><li>What object does this man have in his hand and what does this object symbolize? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the field of grain represent? </li></ul><ul><li>How is the color scheme arranged in this painting? </li></ul><ul><li>With the end of the Civil War, what message does Homer wish to convey to his audience? </li></ul><p>34. 35. </p> <ul><li>Saint Gaudens was born in Dublin, raised in New York, and trained as an artist in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>The 54th Massachusetts Memorial took fourteen years to produce. </li></ul><ul><li>To depict each soldier as an individual, Gaudens made forty different portrait studies to create this memorial.</li></ul><ul><li>Gaudens was a pioneer in relief work focusing on two kinds of art: monumental public sculpture and small scale portrait reliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>BAS RELIEF </li></ul><ul><li>A term from the Italian basso-relieve meaning low relief. The sculpture is a technique in which figures and other elements are barely more prominent than the flat surface. The artist creates this piece by either carving away material or adding material on top of a smooth surface.</li></ul><p>36. </p> <ul><li>HISTORICAL COMMENTS: </li></ul><ul><li> Who would be free, themselves must strike the blow. -Lord Byron</li></ul><ul><li> Whenever I hear anyone arguing for slavery, I feel a strong impulse to see it tried on him personally. Abraham Lincoln </li></ul><ul><li>A striking feature of the work is that this memorial took fourteen years to complete. Another aspect to the work is the detail and precision of this monument. Why would this work take fourteen years to complete? You should focus your response on the artistic nuances of this memorial along with the historical commentary for a comprehensive response regarding this artistic piece. </li></ul><p>37. 38. </p> <ul><li>Gardner became known as a photographer of Civil War soldiers leaving to fight in the war. He also took candid photos of President Lincoln. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln was the first American president to use photography for political purposes.</li></ul><ul><li>Photography created a sense of intimacy between viewer and subject that was different than a painting. However, the photo took several minutes to make an exposure. </li></ul><ul><li>This photo was taken in February 1865, the final year of the Civil War. </li></ul><p>39. </p> <ul><li>What do you notice about his clothing? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you notice about his physical appearance? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you describe the expression on his face? </li></ul><ul><li>How old do you think he was in the photo? </li></ul><p>40. 41. </p> <ul><li>He was commissioned by the Ford Motor Company to photograph the Detroit factory over a six week period. </li></ul><ul><li>Afterward, he was inspired to paint this picture using geometric shapes to capture the modern industrial landscape.It was viewed as a triumph of American ingenuity. </li></ul><ul><li>Sheeler created the term Precisionism which captured the emotional detached feeling of the modern world. </li></ul><ul><li> According to Sheeler, factories had become a religious substitute for expression. This is in direct contrast to the earlier paintings of Bierstadt and Cole. </li></ul><p>42. </p> <ul><li>What colors stand out in the painting? </li></ul><ul><li> This is a valley of ashes--a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesques gardens, where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and finally, with a transcendent effort, of men who move dimly and already crumbling though the powdery air. (Chapter 2 ofThe Great Gatsby ). </li></ul><ul><li>What does this painting suggest about the Valley of Ashes? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the tone of this painting? </li></ul><p>43. 44. </p> <ul><li>This cover appeared on the first printing in 1925. </li></ul><ul><li>The artists image preceded the finished manuscript and Fitzgerald requested that the publisher save the painting for his novel. </li></ul><ul><li>There is evidence in the text to suggest that Fitzgerald wrote in the images of the cover into the novel. </li></ul><ul><li>Cugat was paid $100 for the painting. </li></ul><p>45. </p> <ul><li>What colors stand out in the picture? </li></ul><ul><li>What details do you notice in the picture? </li></ul><ul><li>What feeling does the picture suggest? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think the book will be about based on this picture? </li></ul><p>46. 47. </p> <ul><li>What colors stand out in the picture? </li></ul><ul><li>What feeling does the picture suggest? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think the book will be about based on this picture? </li></ul><ul><li>How is this pictures depiction of the book different than the previous cover? </li></ul><p>48. 49. </p> <ul><li>What colors stand out in the picture? </li></ul><ul><li>What feeling does the picture suggest? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think the book will be about based on this picture? </li></ul><p>50. 51. </p> <ul><li>What colors stand out in the picture? </li></ul><ul><li>What feeling does the picture suggest? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think the book will be about based on this picture? </li></ul><p>52. 53. 54. 55. 56. </p> <ul><li>The Migration Series depicts the migration of Blacks from the South to North (Harlem Renaissance). </li></ul><ul><li>The 60 panels tell the story of how the Black community took control of their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>The series was completed between 1940-1941. </li></ul><p>57. </p> <ul><li>What do you notice about the composition of the piece?Comment on the colors and arrangement of items in the picture. Look at the background and the foreground.What do you notice?</li></ul><ul><li>Does the painting have a positive or negative feeling?What feeling does the painting convey to you?What elements of the painting convey that feeling? </li></ul><ul><li>Take one aspect of the painting that captures your eye and explain why that element has captured your imagination.</li></ul><ul><li>What connection exists between this work and the novel?Find one aspect of the artwork and tie it to something in Janies life.Find a quote that relates the two. </li></ul><p>58. 59. </p> <ul><li>One of the first artists to depict black popular culture from an African American perspective. </li></ul><ul><li>This collage was completed in July 1963, one month before the March on Washington and MLKs I have a dream speech. </li></ul><p>60. </p> <ul><li>What do you notice about the composition of the piece?Comment on the colors and arrangement of items in the picture.Look at the background and the foreground.</li></ul><ul><li>What do you think is going on in the collage?Describe the event that is central to the artists work.</li></ul><ul><li>Does the painting have a positive or negative feeling?What feeling does the painting convey to you?What elements of the painting convey that feeling? </li></ul><ul><li>What connection exists between this work and the novel?Find one aspect of the artwork and tie it to something in Janies life.Find a quote that relates the two. </li></ul><p>61. 62. </p> <ul><li>The photo was taken during the largest Civil Rights march in 1965 to bring attention to the Voting Right Act. </li></ul><ul><li>The march included 25,000 marchers who, over four days, marched 54 miles. </li></ul><ul><li>The photograph reveal the strength of hundreds of individuals seeking basic human rights </li></ul><p>63. </p> <ul><li>What do you know about what is going on in the photograph?Describe the event that is central to the photographers work. </li></ul><ul><li>What details did the photographer capture? Does the photograph have a positive or negative feeling? What elements of the photograph convey that feeling? </li></ul><ul><li> What connection exists between this work and the novel?Find one aspect of the artwork and tie it to something in Janies life.Find a quote that relates the two. </li></ul><p>64. 65. </p> <ul><li>The dimensions of the sculpture are 11 inches wide at the bottom, 36 feet tall and 1 inches wide at the top. </li></ul><ul><li>It is suspended three feet off the floor. </li></ul><ul><li>Booker T. Washington was born into slavery but eventually worked for the advancement of his race which he knew would be a long and slow process. </li></ul><p>66. </p> <ul><li>Comment on the colors and arrangement of items in the sculpture.Look at the background and the foreground.</li></ul><ul><li>What do you think the artist was trying to capture in designing this sculpture?Is it a positive or negative experience? </li></ul><ul><li>What connection exists between this work and the novel?Find one aspect of the artwork and tie it to something in Janies life.Find a quote that relates the two. </li></ul><p>67. 68. </p> <ul><li>Although he was born in New Orleans, Motleys artwork depicted life in the Black community in Chicago in the 1930s. </li></ul><ul><li>Nightlifepresents his experience in Bronzeville.It was painted during World War II and captures the movementand energy of a Chicago Jazz Club. </li></ul><ul><li>Motley said of the painting that it is "an expression of the numerous shades and colors which exist in such great variety" among African Americans in Chicago. </li></ul><ul><li>The painting is on display at the Art Institute of Chicago. </li></ul><p>69. </p> <ul><li>What does the artist want us to focus on? </li></ul><ul><li>What colors stand out in the painting? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you conclude about the people in the picture? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of music might they be listening to while they dance? </li></ul><ul><li>What feeling does the painting convey?What contributes to the feeling? </li></ul><p>70. A Visual Journey 71. </p> <ul><li>How does the use of light impact the portrayal of Washington? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you know the soldiers &amp; their general are determined towin this battle? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you see straight lines?What is accomplished by theuse of straight lines? </li></ul><p>72. </p> <ul><li>How does this bronze relief show men united by a cause? </li></ul><ul><li>Visually, how are the soldiers depicted differently than Colonel Robert Shaw (the man on horseback)? </li></ul><p>73. </p> <ul><li>Allies Day, MAY 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>By Childe Hassam </li></ul><ul><li>Does the painting emit a feeling of lightness or of heaviness?Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the focal point of the painting?Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Why portray the people as tiny and the flags as large? </li></ul><ul><li>Overall, then, what does this painting suggest about America after WWI?</li></ul><p>74. </p> <ul><li>What feeling does this memorial convey?Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>How does the structure convey a sense of wholeness?Of unity? </li></ul><p>75. 76. </p> <ul><li>How would this poster motivate an American to support WWII? </li></ul><ul><li>What does...</li></ul>

Recommended

View more >