American Government and Organization PS1301 Tuesday, 21 September

Download American Government and Organization PS1301 Tuesday, 21 September

Post on 19-Jan-2016

214 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • American Government and OrganizationPS1301Tuesday, 21 September0

  • AnnouncementsMidterm scheduled for ThursdayPlease do not forget scantronsAlso bring a photo id

  • How do people decide who to vote for?Prospective Model (Michigan)Party identificationCandidate characteristicsIssue positionsRetrospective ModelParty identificationEvaluation of the past

  • Party IdentificationGenerally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, and Independent, or what?Persons who call themselves Republicans or Democrats are then asked: Would you call yourself a strong (Republican, Democrat) or a not very strong (Republican, Democrat).Persons who call themselves Independents, answer no preference, or name another party are asked : Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican or to the Democratic party?

  • Distribution of Partisans

    Chart12

    16.768086545

    17.1737660581

    13.7931034483

    6.8965517241

    13.3198106829

    15.9567275186

    16.091954023

    Percent

    thermometer

    Report

    MeanLiberalSlightly LiberalModerateSlightly ConservativeConservativeTotal

    Blacks676765676867

    Big Business424548495549

    Poor People676466666666

    People on Welfare585453535254

    Hispanics666362656464

    Christian Fundamentalists414449556152

    Elderly747577757876

    Environmentalists736864625462

    Gays and Lesbians605749473948

    Catholics616263646664

    Jews646463656765

    Protestants646464677066

    Femininsts636056544654

    Asian Americans656563646565

    News Media535555514952

    Catholic Church455055535452

    Whites676867697269

    Conservatives425254657360

    Liberals676153493851

    Labour Unions605454484752

    Supreme Court586365666765

    Congress515658616158

    Federal Gov535861646461

    Miltary647176788376

    thermometer

    Conservatives

    Liberals

    Thermometer Ratings

    trust

    Supreme Court

    Congress

    Thermometer Ratings

    Sheet1

    Federal Gov

    Thermometer Ratings

    spending

    Gays and Lesbians

    Femininsts

    Christian Fundamentalists

    Thermometer Ratings

    Environmentalists

    Big Business

    Thermometer Ratings

    LiberalSlightly LiberalModerateSlightly ConservativeConservativeTotal

    Most people can be trusted636962615561

    Liberal

    Slightly Liberal

    Moderate

    Slightly Conservative

    Conservative

    Most people can be trusted

    Percent in Agreement

    Strong Democrat16.8Strong DemocratWeak DemocratIndependent-DemocratIndependent-IndependentIndependent-RepublicanWeak RepublicanStrong Republican

    Weak Democrat17.216.817.213.86.913.316.016.1

    Independent-Democrat13.8

    Independent-Independent6.9

    Independent-Republican13.3

    Weak Republican16.0

    Strong Republican16.1

    Percent

    LiberalSlightly LiberalModerateSlightly ConservativeConservative

    Aids Research6436442128

    Crime5659736163

    War on Terror4860717081

    Child Care7661563948

    Environment6956443426

    Welfare3319201510

    Defense3845586674

    Public Schools8575736663

    Liberal

    Slightly Liberal

    Moderate

    Slightly Conservative

    Conservative

    Aids Research

    Crime

    Child Care

    Increase Spending

    War on Terror

    Environment

    Increase Spending

    Welfare

    Defense

    Public Schools

    Increase Spending

  • Ideology and Partisanship

  • Functions of Party IdentificationHelps you organize and categorize informationPerceptual ScreenHelps you make value judgments. Is George Bush competent? Could Bill Clinton be trusted?Influence Political BehaviorPersons who are party identifiers are more interested in politics, more concerned about who wins the election, and more likely to vote. party id is the most important determinant of the way people vote

  • Partisanship over time

    Chart14

    69273

    64288

    64305

    642412

    642510

    63316

    60327

    66268

    572913

    Partisans

    Independents

    No preference

    thermometer

    Report

    MeanLiberalSlightly LiberalModerateSlightly ConservativeConservativeTotal

    Blacks676765676867

    Big Business424548495549

    Poor People676466666666

    People on Welfare585453535254

    Hispanics666362656464

    Christian Fundamentalists414449556152

    Elderly747577757876

    Environmentalists736864625462

    Gays and Lesbians605749473948

    Catholics616263646664

    Jews646463656765

    Protestants646464677066

    Femininsts636056544654

    Asian Americans656563646565

    News Media535555514952

    Catholic Church455055535452

    Whites676867697269

    Conservatives425254657360

    Liberals676153493851

    Labour Unions605454484752

    Supreme Court586365666765

    Congress515658616158

    Federal Gov535861646461

    Miltary647176788376

    thermometer

    Conservatives

    Liberals

    Thermometer Ratings

    trust

    Supreme Court

    Congress

    Thermometer Ratings

    spending

    Federal Gov

    Thermometer Ratings

    party id

    Gays and Lesbians

    Femininsts

    Christian Fundamentalists

    Thermometer Ratings

    Environmentalists

    Big Business

    Thermometer Ratings

    LiberalSlightly LiberalModerateSlightly ConservativeConservativeTotal

    Most people can be trusted636962615561

    Liberal

    Slightly Liberal

    Moderate

    Slightly Conservative

    Conservative

    Most people can be trusted

    Percent in Agreement

    LiberalSlightly LiberalModerateSlightly ConservativeConservative

    Aids Research6436442128

    Crime5659736163

    War on Terror4860717081

    Child Care7661563948

    Environment6956443426

    Welfare3319201510

    Defense3845586674

    Public Schools8575736663

    Liberal

    Slightly Liberal

    Moderate

    Slightly Conservative

    Conservative

    Aids Research

    Crime

    Child Care

    Increase Spending

    War on Terror

    Environment

    Increase Spending

    Welfare

    Defense

    Public Schools

    Increase Spending

    Strong DemocratWeak DemocratIndependent-DemocratIndependent-IndependentIndependent-RepublicanWeak RepublicanStrong Republican

    16.817.213.86.913.316.016.1

    196869273

    197264288

    197664305

    1980642412

    1984642510

    198863316

    199260327

    199666268

    2000572913

    Percent

    Partisans

    Independents

    No preference

  • Influence of Party Id

  • Dynamics of 2000 Presidential CampaignSource: Johnston and Hagen (APSA 2003) Priming and Learning: Evidence from the 2000 Annenberg Study

  • Character

  • Perception of Gores Honesty

  • Traits of Candidates

  • Requirements for Issue VotingAware of the issueCare about the issuePerceive difference between the candidatesCorrect about the difference

  • Criteria for Issue Voting

  • Retrospective VotingParty identificationEvaluation of the pasteconomic indicators, Its the economy, stupidWarsIncumbency

Recommended

View more >