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<ol><li> 1. A Look at Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Art and Movements </li><li> 2. ROMANTICISM Appreciating the impulse from a vernal wood </li><li> 3. O man, of whatever country you are, and whatever your opinions may be, behold your history, such as I have thought to read it, not in books, written by your fellow- creatures, who are liars, but in nature, which never lies. --- Rousseau Rousseau and hisSocial Contract </li><li> 4. Features of Romanticism <ul><li>Emphasis on the Imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on the Rights of the Individual, the Common Man </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on Nature </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on Exotic Locales </li></ul></li><li> 5. The Imagination </li><li> 6. <ul><li>Henry Fuseli,The Nightmare , 1781. </li></ul><ul><li>Oil on canvas </li></ul></li><li> 7. William Blake,Ancient of Days , 1794. Metal relief etching. </li><li> 8. Francisco Goya,The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters , ca. 1798. Etching and aquatint. </li><li> 9. Francisco Goya,The Third of May , 1808. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 10. Francisco Goya,Saturn Devouring One of His Children , 1819-23. Detail of a detached fresco on canvas. </li><li> 11. Eugene Delacroix,Death of Sardanapalus , 1826. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 12. The Rights of the Individual, of the Common Man </li><li> 13. Eugene Delacroix,Liberty Leading the People , 1830. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 14. Theodore Gericault,Raft of the Medusa , 1818-19. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 15. Theodore Gericault,Insane Woman , 1822-23. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 16. Nature and Exotic Locales </li><li> 17. John Constable,The Haywain , 1821. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 18. J.M.W. Turner,The Slave Ship , 1840. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 19. The Hudson River Schoolin America </li><li> 20. Thomas Cole,The Oxbow , 1836. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 21. Albert Bierstadt,Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California , 1868. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 22. Frederic Edwin Church,Twilight in the Wilderness , 1860s. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 23. Thomas Cole,Kaaterskill Falls, 1826 </li><li> 24. Asher B. Durand,Kindred Spirits,1849 Painter Thomas Cole with his friend poet William Cullen Bryant </li><li> 25. Components of the Realism Movement <ul><li>Realism seeks to present the world as it is inits present time </li></ul><ul><li>Dialect is important; regionalism grows out of the realism movement </li></ul><ul><li>Details about the everyday lives of the common man become important </li></ul><ul><li>First criticized as grotesque and uncouth </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes socially critical </li></ul></li><li> 26. European Realism </li><li> 27. Gustave Courbet,The Stone Breakers , 1849-50. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 28. Jean-Francois Millet,The Gleaners . Oil on canvas. </li><li> 29. Honore Daumier,Rue Transnonain , 1834. Lithograph. </li><li> 30. Honore Daumier,The Third-Class Carriage , ca. 1862. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 31. Eduoard Manet,Le Dejeuner sur lHerbe (Luncheon on the Grass),1863. Oil on canvas . </li><li> 32. American Realism </li><li> 33. Winslow Homer,The Veteran in a New Field , 1865. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 34. Edmonia Lewis,Forever Free , 1867.Marble, 35 1/4 x 11 x 7 </li><li> 35. Thomas Eakins,The Gross Clinic , 1875. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 36. Timothy OSullivan,A Harvest of Death ,Getysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1863 . Negative by Timothy O Sullivan. </li><li> 37. Frederic Remington,The Cavalry Charge,1907. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 38. Frederic Remington,Radisson and Groseilliers , 1905. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 39. Frederic Remington,The Bronco Buster , 1905. Bronze. </li><li> 40. Features of Impressionism, 1880s <ul><li>Seeks to present life inits present moment </li></ul><ul><li>As such, very concerned with effects of light </li></ul><ul><li>Impressionist absorption with light on color also deepened and encouraged by new color theories of late 19 thcentury </li></ul><ul><li>Impressionist movement also seen at first in a negative light </li></ul></li><li> 41. Claude Monet,Impression: Sunrise 1872 . Oil on canvas. </li><li> 42. Claude Monet,Terrace at Sainte-Adresse , 1866-67. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 43. Claude Monet,Haystack , 1891. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 44. Claude Monet,Rouen Cathedral (Full Sunlight) , 1893. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 45. Claude Monet,Water Lilies , 1906. Oil on canvas. </li><li> 46. American Impressionists </li><li> 47. Winslow Homer,The Fog Warning , 1885 Even in Impressionism, American artists still stress the rugged individual </li><li> 48. One of Americas Most FamousImpressionist Paintings: Winslow Homer,Snap the Whip , 1872. </li><li> 49. Mary Cassatt </li><li> 50. Modernism: 1900-1950 You are all a lost generation.-- Gertrude Stein to Ernest Hemingway </li><li> 51. Features of Modernism <ul><li>Loss of values and deep sense of alienation from and disillusionment with the world as a result of: </li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>World War I </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Rise of science</li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>God is dead.Nietzsche </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>The Origin of Species : Man did not come from God, but from monkeys </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Increased urbanization of the world and subsequent loss of small-town caring and values </li></ul></li></ul></li><li> 52. The Armory Show, 1913 Officially known asThe International Exhibition of Modern Art </li><li> 53. The shows purpose was to question the boundaries of art as an institution <ul><li>The show took place at New Yorks 69 thStreet armory, on Lexington Avenue between 25 thand 26 thStreets </li></ul><ul><li>It was home to approx. 1250 paintings, sculptures and decorative works by over 300 European and American artists </li></ul></li><li> 54. Marcel Duchamp,Nude Descending a Staircase , 1912 <ul><li>One of the most controversial works from the Armory Show, Duchamps painting gave rise to many spoofs, such asRude Descending a StaircaseandFood Descending a Staircase </li></ul><ul><li>One critic offered prize money to anyone who could find the nude </li></ul>From Gallery I of the show </li><li> 55. Europeans atThe Armory Show One third of the shows artists were European, and movements such as Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism and Cubism were represented in the show </li><li> 56. THE MOST FAMOUS CUBISTS: Georges Braques, Mozart Kubelick, 1912. Influence of theJazz Age </li><li> 57. PABLO PICASSO: THE OTHER FAMOUS CUBIST Head of a Woman, 1909 Woman with a Mustard Pot </li><li> 58. The First Cezanne in an American Museum: The Metropolitan Museum of Art Hill of the Pooror, as its now known,View of the Domain St. Joseph </li><li> 59. Americans atThe Armory Show Most of the American artists in the show belonged to the Ashcan School, whose most influentialmembers were known asThe Eight </li><li> 60. John Sloan,Night Windows,1910 </li><li> 61. John Sloan,Sunday, Women Drying Their Hair , 1912 </li><li> 62. George Bellows Circus,1912, at theArmory Show Stag at Sharkeys , 1909, one of Bellowsmost famous paintings </li><li> 63. Robert Henri: Founder ofthe Ashcan School <ul><li>Name was derogatory </li></ul><ul><li>Given because subject matter of artists seemed to be ashcans </li></ul><ul><li>Subject matter was of lower class people going about ordinary tasks of life </li></ul><ul><li>Genre painting</li></ul><ul><li>Brought attention to injustices done to lower classes . . . </li></ul></li><li> 64. Injustices such as the Sex Trade Abastenia St. Leger Eberle, White Slave , 1910 </li><li> 65. America Duringthe Modernist Era War, the Depression, Immigration, Racism and Urbanization </li><li> 66. Alfred Stieglitz <ul><li>Stieglitz is one of the most famous 20 th -century American photographers </li></ul><ul><li>He also helped organize the Armory Show and launched the careers of many American artists </li></ul><ul><li>One of them was Georgia OKeefe, a woman who also became his lover </li></ul><ul><li>The Steerage , a print from 1907, shows Stieglitzs interest in capturing human feeling and repeating shapes and patterns </li></ul></li><li> 67. ICONIC WORKS SHOW THE MISERY OF MODERN LIFE </li><li> 68. Dorothea Lange,Migrant Mother, Nipomo Valley,1935. Gelatin silver print. </li><li> 69. Edward Hopper,Nighthawks,1942. </li><li> 70. Jacob Lawrence,The Migration of the Negro , panel 1 and then panel 3, 1940-1. 60-painting series depicting the flight of Black people fromSouth to North </li><li> 71. Grant Wood,American Gothic , 1930. <ul><li>One of the most famous American paintings ever, this work is iconic and highly parodied and reproduced </li></ul><ul><li>People mostly thought the work dignified the life of rural Americans </li></ul><ul><li>In fact, Wood was considered a Regionalist and focused on Iowa in particular </li></ul></li><li> 72. Postmodernism1950-? </li><li> 73. Abstract Expressionist Jackson Pollock dripped paint onto canvases to create works like this one: Number 1, 1950 (Lavendar Mist),1950. </li><li> 74. Pollock painting </li><li> 75. POP ART returned to representational art but used consumer culture and mass media as inspirations Roy Lichtenstein Left:Hopeless,1963 Right:Maybe , 1963 </li><li> 76. The Most Famous Pop Artist <ul><li>Andy Warhol,Campbell Soup,1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Have we reduced art to mass merchandise or have we elevated mass merchandise into art? </li></ul><ul><li>YOU DECIDE </li></ul></li><li> 77. Andy Warhol,Value Print War Cans </li><li> 78. Andy Warhol,Marilyn Monroe,1967 Green Coca Cola Bottles , 1962 </li><li> 79. Superrealist Duane Hanson mocks American overconsumption Supermarket Shopper ,1970 </li><li> 80. FEMINIST ART Judy Chicago,The Dinner Party , 1979 </li><li> 81. Barbara Kruger,Untitled (Your Gaze Hits the Side of My Face) , 1981</li></ol>