Ambiguity, OER & Open Badges
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DESCRIPTIONSlides to accompany my keynote at the OER13 conference, March 2013.
- 1.Ambiguity, OER& Open BadgesDoug Belshaw Mozilla Foundationhttp://bit.ly/OER13doug
2. Im @dajbconf on Twitter 3. Heres a tweet-sized summary for you... 4. Invented terms are ambiguous,but thats OK. Both #ukoer and#openbadges love metadata, so we complement one another.Standards FTW! #OER13 5. 2013http://bit.ly/LettingGrow(this is why Im more hairy than usual) 6. Threads that Ill try to weave together at the end...1. Evidence (OER & Open Badges)2. Experience (Ambiguity)3. Expectation (Web Literacy standard) 7. Structure1. Ambiguity(Experience)2. OER & Open Badges(Evidence)3. Web Literacy standard(Expectation) 8. 1. Ambiguity 9. LessambiguousMoreambiguous 10. Since we cannot introduce the realitiesthemselves into our discussions, but have touse words as symbols for them, we supposethat what follows in the words will follow inthe realities too, like people reckoning withcounters. But it is not the same. For whereaswords and the quantity of sentences arelimited, realities are unlimited in number. Itis therefore inevitable for the same sentenceand the one word to mean more than onething. (Aristotle) 11. Ambiguity can be aGOODthing 12. (but it needs to be the right type) 13. What have thesegot in common? 14. Open= open standards,open source, openethos 15. ...whereas: 16. Open= open standards(kinda), er... open for business? 17. Open? 18. F Uear ncertainty D oubt !=http://fairworldproject.org/blogs/rainforest-alliance-is-not-fair-trade/ 19. http://neverendingthesis.com 20. http://dougbelshaw.com/ambiguity 21. GENERATIVEPRODUCTIVEAMBIGUITYAMBIGUITYclosest to vague - an individual gives a nameto a nebulous collection of thoughts and ideas.(e.g. noticing a similarity between two objectsor ideas, or having a similar feeling when in thepresence of two otherwise completely differentpeople) CREATIVEAMBIGUITY 22. GENERATIVE PRODUCTIVEAMBIGUITY AMBIGUITYless ambiguous than Generative ambiguity - terms are more readily-understandable and applicable to contexts other than the verynarrow one originally thought of.(e.g. talking of something being digital)CREATIVE AMBIGUITY 23. GENERATIVE PRODUCTIVEAMBIGUITY AMBIGUITYleast ambiguous part of the continuum - usually involves metaphor. Abbott talks of aterm exhibits a directness of feeling while the concept behind the feeling remains ambiguous.(e.g. divorce rates being taken to indicate something about the status of the family)CREATIVE AMBIGUITY 24. Old metaphors are constantly dying offinto literalness, and then serving as aplatform and foil for new metaphors.(Rorty, 1989:118)CC BY-NC Sam and Ian 25. One definitionof Open to rulethem all? CC BY-SA bandita 26. GENERATIVE PRODUCTIVEAMBIGUITY AMBIGUITY OER?CREATIVE AMBIGUITY 27. Creative ambiguity= 360 of movementaround a fixed point 28. 29. 2. OER &Open Badges 30. Whats the biggestthing that impactslearners? 31. ASSESSMENT 32. Whats the point ofassessment? 33. Feedback &Credentialing 34. TeacherSenior Leader JISC infoNetMozilla Foundation 35. Open Educational Resources (OER) areteaching and learning materials that are freelyavailable online for everyone to use, whetheryou are an instructor, student or self-learner.Examples of OER include: full courses, coursemodules, syllabi, lectures, homeworkassignments, quizzes, lab and classroomactivities, pedagogical materials, games,simulations, and many more resourcescontained in digital media collections fromaround the world. (OER Commons, quoted in the JISC infoNet OER infoKit) 36. Is free the definingcharacteristic of OERs? 37. FreeOpenly-licensedMetadata(paradata?) 38. (hold that thought!) 39. v1.0 two weeks ago (March 2013) 60,000+ badgesissued to 23,000+ learnersby 600+ organisations 40. I dont get this? 41. CC BY-SA Kyle Bowen 42. Trusted credentials? 43. Metadata! 44. This is notan OpenBadge(I just ripped this off David Kernohans blog in anattempt to trade on his reputation in the OER community) 45. These areOpen Badges! 46. ...but WHY?! 47. OER contributor Silo 2Silo 1 DegreePRINCE2 What skills/ qualificationattributes areSilo 3missing here?(can we present themin a holistic way?) 48. Breaking SILOS 49. ProvidingTRUSTEDCREDENTIALS 50. JAILBREAKINGFORMAL EDUCATION 51. OpenBadgeInfrastructure(OBI) 52. http://backpack.openbadges.org 53. Open Badges encourageLEARNERSOVEREIGNTY 54. They allowNON-TRADITIONAL PATHWAYS 55. Some examples:http://bit.ly/badgevalidation 56. Alice goes to an after-school program at the local museumand works with a robot exhibit where she has to use acomputer program to move a robot across a course. Shehas to make decisions about angles and distances thatrequire higher level geometrical thinking than shes beenexposed to at school. The museum encourages the youth tomake videos about their robots and shes learned a lotabout digital storytelling and has emerged as the teamdocumentarian.Image: blackgirlscode.com 57. Bob is an accountant who was laid off a few months ago ashis company cut back. He is actively looking for a job butthings have changed a lot since he was on the job marketyears ago. He knows he needs to update his skills andunderstanding of changes to tax laws, but he does not havethe money to pay for the program at any of the onlinecertifications institutions.There are several opencourses he finds onlinethat each issue badges. 58. Eves Company is a nonprofit that is working on curriculum to educate people onconsiderations for privacy online and how tobe empowered web citizens, and plan toissue badges to recognise these skills. CC BY-NC LibrarianWithoutBorders 59. 60. 3. Web Literacy standard 61. Mozilla!(global non-profit) 62. Were trying to create a more web literateplanet 63. n !c t io st ruo n r cd e untillSWith the community, were building a new, open learning standard for Web Literacy 64. Eves Company is a nonprofit that is working on curriculum to educate people onconsiderations for privacy online and how tobe empowered web citizens, and plan toissue badges to recognise these skills. CC BY-NC LibrarianWithoutBorders 65. Eves Company is a nonprofit that is working on curriculum to educate people onconsiderations for privacy online and how tobe empowered web citizens, and plan toissue badges to recognise these skills. Could align with theWeb Literacy standard CC BY-NC LibrarianWithoutBorders 66. ...aligned with a learning standard ...earnbadges around the Web... Learners... 67. INNOVATIONOBI(Open Badges Infrastructure)THE WEB(complicated stuff) 68. 69. Conclusion 70. Bringing thethreads together...CC BY-NC-ND tpvarshitha 71. Remember this? 72. OER & Open Badgessitting in a tree... Metadata = important Can be designed well or badly Use open to mean beyond just free About changing the world for the better 73. OER13 = creating a virtuous circleLearners LearnersInstitutions OER ? OBI* Open BadgesEmployers Releasers/remixersIssuersCreative AmbiguityProductive Ambiguity*OBI = Open Badges Infrastructure 74. Does ? = 75. INNOVATIONOBI(Open Badges Infrastructure)THE WEB(complicated stuff) 76. Heres that tweet-sizedsummary again... 77. Invented terms are ambiguous,but thats OK. Both #ukoer and#openbadges love metadata, so we complement one another.Standards FTW! #OER13 78. dougbelshaw.com