alternative and complimentary med

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  • 1.SONAL Hosp Mgt 2nd yr UIAMS

2. Complementary and alternative medicine as defined by NCCAM, is a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not presently considered to be part of conventional medicine The name complementary medicine developed as the two systems began to be used alongside (to complement)each other. 3. Complementary medicine is used together with conventional medicine. Example using aromatherapy to help lessen a patients discomfort following surgery.Alternative medicine is used in place of conventional medicine. Example using a special diet to treat cancer instead of undergoing surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy that has been recommended by a conventional doctor. 4. MAJOR TYPES OF COMPLIMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE BIOLOGICALLY BASED THERAPIES MANIPULATIVE AND BODY BASED THERAPIES MIND- BODY INTERVENTIONS ALTERNATIVE MEDICAL SYSTEMS ENERGY THERAPIES 5. Dietary supplements A dietary supplement is a product (other than tobacco) taken by mouth that contains a dietary ingredient intended to supplement the diet. Dietary ingredients may include vitamins, minerals, herbs or other botanicals, amino acids, and substances such as enzymes, organ tissues, and metabolites. Dietary supplements come in many forms, including extracts, concentrates, tablets, capsules, gel caps, liquids, and powders. They have special requirements for labelling. 6. Omega 3 oil as an anti-inflammatory--used to treat neuropathy High dose vitamin, mineral and antioxidant therapy to build immune system and slow disease progression Vitamin therapy--treats wasting, lack of appetite, malabsorption of nutrients Chinese herbs to treat diarrhea 7. Massage:-therapists manipulate muscle and connective tissue to enhance function of those tissues and promote relaxation and well-being. Enhance immune function Reduce musculoskeletal pain Increase lymph flow Decrease anxiety, increase self-esteem and positive body image. Provide human touch 8. Chiropractic:- It focuses on the relationship between bodily structure (primarily that of the spine) and function, and how that relationship affects the preservation and restoration of health It gives relief from musculo-skeletal complaints Osteopathic medicineis a form of conventional medicine that, in part, emphasizes diseases arising in the musculoskeletal system. There is an underlying belief that all of the bodys systems work together, and disturbances in one system may affect function elsewhere in the body. 9. Qi gong is a component of traditional Chinese medicine that combines movement, meditation, and regulation of breathing to enhance the flow of qi (an ancient term given to what is believed to be vital energy) in the body, improve blood circulation, and enhance immune function. Reiki is a Japanese word representing Universal Life Energy. Reiki is based on the belief that when spiritual energy is channelled through a Reiki practitioner, the patients spirit is healed, which in turn heals the physical body. 10. Homeopathic medicine. In homeopathicmedicine, there is a belief that like cures like, meaning that small, highly diluted quantities of medicinal substances are given to cure symptoms, when the same substances given at higher or more concentrated doses would actually cause those symptoms. Ayurveda:-A medical system that has been practiced primarily in the Indian subcontinent for 5,000 years. Ayurveda includes diet and herbal remedies and emphasizes the use of body, mind, and spirit in disease prevention and treatment. 11. Naturopathy:- It proposes that there is a healing power in the body that establishes, maintains, and restores health. Practitioners work with the patient with a goal of supporting this power, through treatments such as nutrition and lifestyle counselling, dietary supplements, medicinal plants, exercise, homeopathy.Treatment of nausea with ginger Immune enhancement agents Hyperthermia to increase immune functioning 12. WHY PEOPLE USE CAM? Changing needs and values in modern society. Rise in prevalence of chronic diseases. Increase in public access to worldwide health information. Reduced tolerance for paternalism. An increased sense of entitlement to quality life. Declining faith that scientific breakthrough will have relevance for the personal treatment of disease. An increased interest in spiritualism. 13. CAM IN INDIA Complementary and alternative medicinal systems are popular in India, with Ayurveda being the most popular. CAM is mostly associated with the treatment of chronic diseases. The term Ayurveda combines the Sanskrit words ayur (life) and veda (science or knowledge). It is one of the oldest systems of medicine in the world. 14. Ayurvedic treatment is non-invasive and non-toxic, so it can be used safely as an alternative therapy or alongside conventional therapies. It can also help stress-related, metabolic, and chronic conditions. Ayurveda has been used to treat acne, allergies, asthma, anxiety, arthritis, chronic fatigue syndrome, colds, colitis, constipation, depression, diabetes, flu, heart disease, hypertension, immune problems, inflammation, insomnia, nervous disorders, obesity, skin problems, and ulcers. 15. TYPES OF TREATMENT The treatment of disease can broadly be classified as Shodhana therapy (Purification Treatment) Shamana therapy (Palliative Treatment) Pathya Vyavastha (Prescription of diet and activity) NidanParivarjan (Avoidance of disease causing and aggravating factors) Satvavajaya(Psychotherapy) Rasayana (immunomodulators and rejuvenation medicines) 16. PANCHKARMA Panchakarma is cleansing of body according to Ayurveda. Panchakarma is a therapeutic way of eliminating toxic elements from the body.FIVE ELEMENTS Vamana Virechana Basti Nasya Raktamokshana 17. Significant Research Contributions Plant / FormulationsIndicationArogyawardhini/ kutakiHepatitisKapikacchuParkinsons DiseasesYograj GugguluRheumatoid arthritisAmrut BhallatakOsteoarthritisHaridraOral Submucous FibrosisParijatMalariaAshokaMenorrhagia 18. CURRENT HEALTH CARE SCENARIO Western Allopathy Medicine transformed into Mainstream Modern Medicine. In many developed countries, 70% to 80% of the population has used some form of alternative or complementary medicine. In some Asian and African countries, 80% of the population depend on traditional medicine for primary health care More than 100 countries have regulations for herbal medicines WHO has projected that the global herbal market will grow to $5 trillion by 2050 19. In India more than 500 million people use AYUSH medicines Worldwide, the Ayurvedic industry is put at US $3 billion Ayurvedic doctors(>500,000), Drug companies (>8,000),Hospitals (>2500), Colleges (> 250) in India Standardization of Ayurvedic products, practices, training demand more thrust in quality


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