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Coalition for Poverty Reduction

Alone we can do so little; together we can do so much.

A survey was distributed from late October through mid-December (2009) by more than two dozen human service organizations throughout the Wexford/Missaukee Counties. A total of 965 anonymous surveys were collected from individuals using those services and utilized in identifying the findings of this report. 2/3 (69%)of the survey respondents live in Wexford County, 26% in Missaukee County and 5% were identified as residents of Osceola County. 77% of the demographic population were identified as female. It is likely that the majority of the individuals are classified as living in generational poverty.1 Survey Data965 Anonymous Surveys

Surveys were completed by consumers at 24 different Human Service Agencies in Wexford and Missaukee Counties.

Key Findings: Health issues (Mental & physical) & disabilities limit or prevent individuals from regular employment. Social services most frequently used were DHS food assistance and Medicaid and listed as the most helpful services. An service identified as most needed was Dental care and Optical (vision) services. Health issues, money management and transportation were identified as barriers to improving life. (962 English, 3 Spanish)2County of Residence

69%26 %3Gender

Families with or without Children

51%Age of Respondents

Poverty in the counties is evenly distributed over all age ranges. 6Federal Poverty GuidelinesFamily SizeAnnual Income110,830.00214,570.00318,310.00422,050.00525,790.00629,530.00733,270.00837,010.00For family units of more than 8 members, add $3,740 for each additional memberProduced by: CMSO/DEHPG/DEEOSelf-Sufficiency in MichiganFamily TypeNumber of Children under Age 6Self-Sufficiency WageHourlyAnnualSingle Person0$9.19$19,106Single Parent Family2$17.01$35,387Two Parent Family (both Working2$9.64 each$20,057 eachTwo Parent Family (one working)2$11.67$24,271Taken from the Michigan League for Human Service May 2007The Michigan League for Human Services published this information based on counties in Northern Lower Michigan. This information includes Wexford, Missaukee, Osceola, and other counties. 8Categories for AnalysisEmployment and IncomePhysical & Mental HealthEducation & TrainingHousingChildren &FamiliesTransportation & MobilityAttitudes

The areas outlined in the survey lead to the following conclusions: poor economic conditions and lack of available jobs (quality living wage employment) were frequently mentioned as factors that impeded employment and improving life. 50% of the individuals were mostly satisfied or satisfied with their life. Individuals indicated that they possessed skills or talents to assist others. 50% responded cooking and 32% responded that child care was a way to assist others. 9Specific Services Used

Remember that 49% of the population reported not having children under the age of 18 years old. 10What kind of community services have been very helpful to you?

11 What kind of additional help do you need that no program is now providing?

As indicated by respondents. May not be available or respondent may not be aware that service exists.12Employment

Unemployed by choice = Homemaker, Students, Care Giver or Retired.Almost 20% have been unemployed > 1 year.Almost 20% report Unable to Work. Whether this is a temporary or permanent condition is not known.1339 % Have Trouble Keeping a Job

Of the 965 responses, 39% indicated that they had trouble keeping a job. Percentages given here are % of the 39%. Some respondents gave more than 1 answer. Health problems of one kind or another are the primary reasons given; transportation is the next most common reason given. Child care issues affect 14% of those who have trouble keeping a job. 13% identify Getting along with boss/coworkers as the reason. Only about 13% identify Lack of Education/Skills as the reason. Is this true? Or, do people not understand that more education and job skills are needed to succeed in todays job market? 35% of all respondents do recognize that Getting more education is Best hope for improving life. Housing issues affect 12%.14Estimated Household Income

2.6 2.6 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.3 4.2 3.8Average Household Size Estimated total income for the household. 75% of households have income less than $20,000 a year. 92% of households have income less than $30,000 a year. 15Income and

Car ownership increases dramatically (49% to 77%) when income exceeds $10k/year. Also increases significantly (77% to 92%) when income exceeds $20K/year. Transportation as a reason for trouble keeping a job decreases with income as expected. 16Physical & Mental Health Percent

23% of respondents rated both physical and mental health fair or poor.

54% rated one or the other fair or poor.17Education & Training

PercentCompared to the Community Health Needs Assessment report:

Survey respondents are less likely to have a 2-year degree or higher (13% vs. 23%).Survey respondents are more likely to have less than a high school diploma (18% vs 10%).

87% of the population have no college degree.58% have no experience at college. 18Impact of Education

PercentBeyond HS Education: Females 44%; Males 34%. 19Housing

Comments from respondents with homes, also indicated a need for assistance with repairs and general up keep.20House Ownership

If you do live in a house, apartment, or mobile home, is it?21Marital Status

22Of the 51% of households with Children < age 18

Transportation & Mobility

Difficulty keeping a job -- 38% transportation related.Car ownership -- 77% with an income of $10,000 - $19,999 to only 49% for those reporting an income of less than $10,000 compared to 91% if the income range was over $20,000. 24Car Ownership

Availability of CWTA for Wexford County residents appears to substitute for car ownership in some cases.25When you think about the life you live, how satisfied are you?

When you think about the life you live, how satisfied are you?

AggregateAverageSatisfaction increased as income level increases: $10,000 a year or less 38%, individuals with an income of $20,000 a year or more 67%. Another important identified aspect is that married people reported being satisfied more frequently (59%) than do those that are divorced (41%) or unmarried(46%).27When thinking about your future, what is your best hope for improving your life?

42% of the responses identified that finding a job to support their family would improve their life. 28Key FindingsFemalesMajority of the poor?Majority using services?JobsSelf-sufficient wageAvailabilitySkill matchDisabilityTransportationMost needed servicesDental VisionMedical

Barriers to ImprovementHealthMentalPhysicalMoney ManagementTransportation50% Very/Mostly Satisfied with LifeDont want to changeDont know how to changePublic perceptionPoverty is a material problemRelief is the solutionMaterial Problem: 29Be Part of the SolutionBecome a NavigatorGetting out of poverty requiresNew informationNew skillsNew relationshipsNavigator = Information resource Attend upcoming Poverty SimulationSupport local relief effortsJoin Wexford Missaukee Coalition for Poverty ReductionContact Ken Nydam 231-876-3280The Wexford/Missaukee Coalition for Poverty Reduction meets on the 3rd Tuesday of each month.30Chart1

Sheet1Sales1st Qtr8.22nd Qtr3.23rd Qtr1.44th Qtr1.2To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.

Chart169265

5%Percent

Sheet1PercentWexford69Missaukee26Osceola5To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.

Chart12377

23%77%Percent

Sheet1PercentMales23Females77To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.

Chart15149

49%Percent

Sheet1PercentWith Children $40K

Sheet1Percent< $10K$10K - $20K$20K - $40K> $40KOwn Car48.6277.3991.7689.66Trouble Keeping Job49.0237.523.1210.34Trouble - Transportation47.7619.721.620"Satisfaction"37.756.3562.1393.55Category 44.52.85To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.

Chart19.6926.1436.3820.77.0813.9427.2229.3115.713.83

PoorFairGoodVery GoodExcellent

Sheet1PoorFairGoodVery GoodExcellentPhysical Health9.6926.1436.3820.77.08Mental Health13.9427.2229.3115.713.83Category 33.51.83Category 44.52.85To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.

Chart1Less than High SchoolLess than High School18High School or GEDHigh School or GED34HS or GED & Job TrainingHS or GED & Job Training6Some CollegeSome College282-Year Degree2-Year Degree84-Year Degree or More4-Year Degree or More5

Column2Column3Percent

Sheet1Column1Column2Column3PercentLess than High School18High School or GED34HS or GED & Job Training6Some College282-Year Degree84-Year Degree or More5To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.

Chart1725442102231493533574334746661241210414656476474

Less Than HSHSBeyond HS

Sheet1PercentLess Than HSHSBeyond HSIncome < $10K725442Income > $20K102231Fair/Poor Physical Health493533Fair/Poor Mental Health574334DHS Food746661DHS Income241210Satisfied with Life414656Own Car476474

Chart1452517922

Percent

Sheet1PercentHouse45Appartment25Mobile Home17Live with Frind or Family9Community Shelter2Tent, Car, Van, etc.2To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.

Chart15032153

Percent

Sheet1PercentRented50Owned by You or Family member with a mortgage32Owned Free and Clear15Occupied without Rent Payme

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