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  • AKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Blues Harmonica Lessons cover page artwork Dave Brewer

    Blues Harmonica Lessons CD cover artwork Dave Brewer

    How To Read Music book cover Sleigh and Sheppard.

    The Complete Idiots Guide To Playing The Harmonica book cover William Melton & Randy Weinstein

    The Harp Handbook book cover Steve Baker

    Kentucky slave poster, 1853. - The Story of the Blues Paul Oliver

    Loading plan of a Guinea - man slave ship. - The Story of the Blues Paul Oliver

    Sing Along, extract from Do Re Mi Rogers and Hammersteins The Sound of Music.

    Key To The Highway, Hate To See You Go, Shes So Fine - Harrys Blues Lyrics Online

    The Worlds Best Mouth Organ advertisement - J Albert & Son Dance Folio Programme No.2

    Hohner Harmonica That Musical Pal Of Mine - Hohner brochure

    The Story Of Hohner Harmonicas - Hohner brochure

    The Story Of Hohner Harmonicas - Early History and Development. - Hohner brochure

    How to Play the Harmonica - Hohner brochure

    Everybody Plays The Harmonica - Hohner brochure

    Music for Everyone, Everyone for Music - Hohner brochure

    How To Play The Hohner Harmonica - Hohner brochure

    2.

  • CONTENTS

    Music for Everyone Everyone for Music - Hohner Brochure ..... 5

    Introduction .... 6

    The Story of Hohner Harmonicas - Early History and Development - Hohner Brochure ... 7

    Kentucky slave poster 1853 - Loading plan of Guinea man slave ship ... 8

    The Comprehensive Five Fold Approach to playing the harmonica ... 9

    Foundations of Playing .. 10

    Practically everybody has the urge to make music of some sort - Hohner Brochure ..... 11

    CD Cover - Blues Harmonica Lessons - Tracks 1 - 28 .. 12

    Harmonica instructional CD printed notes 13 - 18

    CD Track 21 transcription . . 19 - 20

    The Story of Hohner Harmonicas and How to Play Them - Hohner Brochure ... 21

    Bending diagrams 22

    12 Bar Blues . 23

    Keyboard Illustration of the Chromatic Scale ..... 24

    The Worlds Best Mouth Organ - advertisement J. Albert & Son ... 25

    Note Layout Chart for 10 Hole Diatonic Harmonicas in Major Tuning - 12 keys ... 26 - 28

    Note Layout Chart for C Chromatic Harmonicas - 12 hole and 16 hole .... 29

    Major Scales - Cycle of Fifths - Keyboard Illustration .. 30

    Everybody Plays the Harmonica - Hohner Brochure ..... 31

    Scales, Chords and Harmonica Positions 32

    Diatonic Harmonica Positions - The Cycle of Fifths - Harmonica Positions Table ....... 33

    Creating the Cycle of Fifths .... 34

    That Musical Pal of Mine - 1923 - Hohner Brochure .... 35

    Harmonica Physics - Harmonica Construction ... 36

    Harmonica Physics - Keyboard Illustration of Chromatic Scale & Note Layout Chart C Harmonica ... 37

    Harmonica Physics - Bending . 38

    Created by Gary Collinson, 98 Essex Street, Wembley 6014, Western Australia. Tel. 08 - 93873030 ( tuition, performance, recording )

    3.

  • CONTENTS

    Juke - Little Walters 1952 recording ..... 39

    Sing A Long - Do Re Mi 40

    Blues Lyrics .... 41

    How To Play The Harmonica - Hohner Brochure ...... 42

    Resources - Internet Web Sites .... 43 - 45

    Resources - Look Listen Learn ... 46

    Recommended Reading .. 47

    Roadmap for the Path of Progress ... 48 - 49

    Qualities of a Master Player ... 50

    How To Play The Hohner Harmonica - New Easy Method For Beginners - Hohner Brochure 51

    Blues Harmonica Course Checklist 52

    Practice Journal ... 53

    Created by Gary Collinson, 98 Essex Street, Wembley 6014, Western Australia. Tel. 08 - 93873030 ( tuition, performance, recording )

    4.

  • 5.

  • INTRODUCTION

    Mass production of mouth organs began in Vienna in 1829.

    In 1857, a German clockmaker named Matthias Hohner, began manufacturing harmonicas full time,

    turning out 650 instruments that year with the help of his family and a single workman.

    In 1887, the annual output exceeded 1 million with demand coming from North America.

    In 1930, Hohner's yearly sales topped 25 million.

    Over the years, the Hohner Company has offered over 1500 different harmonicas, ranging from the small

    Little Lady with 4 holes only, to the very large chord harmonica which has 96 double holes.

    You have a 10 hole diatonic harmonica in C major tuning.

    The harmonica is a free reed, wind instrument.

    It has multiple, variably tuned brass ( or alloy ) reeds.

    The reeds freely vibrate to produce sound in response to the outward and inward breath of the player.

    The diatonic harmonica has 10 holes with 20 tuned reeds ( 10 blow reeds and 10 draw reeds ).

    The 20 tuned reeds offer 19 different notes ( one note is repeated ) in a three octave range.

    The length and thickness of the reeds determines the note that is produced.

    The reeds sit over the open slots of the brass reedplate and are secured at one end by rivets or screws.

    The top and bottom brass reedplates are fixed onto the comb.

    The comb has 10 evenly spaced chambers of different lengths.

    The comb chambers direct the player's outward and inward breath to the individual reeds.

    The top reedplate is secured to the comb with the reeds sitting inside the comb chambers.

    The top reeds are riveted or screwed to the reedplate near the front edge of the harmonica.

    These top reeds respond to blowing.

    The bottom reedplate is secured to the comb with the reeds sitting outside the comb chambers.

    The bottom reeds are riveted or screwed to the reedplate near the rear edge of the harmonica.

    These bottom reeds respond to drawing.

    The reeds secured to the reedplates are protected by the outer top and bottom covers.

    Disassembly / Assembly of your Harmonica : Top cover

    Top reedplate with 10 blow reeds sitting inside the comb

    Comb with 10 different sized chambers

    Bottom reedplate with 10 draw reeds sitting outside the comb

    Bottom cover

    The standard diatonic harmonica is designed to allow a player to play chords and melody in a single key.

    Because they are only designed to be played in a single key at a time , diatonic harmonicas are available in

    all 12 keys : G Ab A Bb B C Db D Eb E F F# .

    The Chromatic Scale is the scale which contains all the 12 pitches of the Western tempered scale.

    All of the other scales in traditional Western music are subsets of this scale.

    Each pitch is separated from its neighbours by one half step ( or semitone ).

    The Diatonic Scale is the 7 note musical scale which is the fundamental building block of the Western

    musical tradition. The modern Major and Minor scales are Diatonic scales.

    The diatonic scale is comprised of 5 whole notes ( tone ) and 2 half notes ( semitone ).

    The 7 notes of the diatonic scale are repeated in each octave. Created by Gary Collinson, 98 Essex Street, Wembley 6014, Western Australia. Tel. 08 93873030 ( tuition, performance, recording )

    6.

  • 7.

  • Kentucky slave poster 1853

    Loading plan of a Guinea man slave ship.

    8.

  • THE COMPREHENSIVE FIVE FOLD APPROACH TO PLAYING THE HARMONICA

    Created by Gary Collinson, 98 Essex Street, Wembley 6014, Western Australia. Tel. 08 93873030 ( tuition, performance, recording )

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    PLAYING TECHNIQUES

    Eg. Playing single notes.

    Bending techniques.

    Playing octaves using tongue blocking.

    REPERTOIRE

    Eg. Rhymes, melodies, tunes, riffs.

    Scales, scale patterns, arpeggios.

    Improvisation. Singing.

    HARMONICA CONSTRUCTION & PHYSICS

    Eg. Covers, comb, reed plate, reeds.

    Note layout, scales.

    How reeds respond when bending notes.

    MUSIC THEORY

    Eg. Scales, chords.

    Cycle of 5ths.

    Harmonica positions / modes.

    FORMAT / STRUCTURE OF MUSIC

    Eg. Chord progressions.

    12 bar, 8 bar, 16 bar and 32 bar blues.

    9.

  • FOUNDATIONS OF PLAYING

    b

    Created by Gary Collinson, 98 Essex Street, Wembley 6014, Western Australia. Tel. 08 93873030 ( tuition, performance, recording )

    POSTURE

    Aim

    To maintain a relaxed, comfortable,

    upright posture whilst playing whether

    sitting or standing.

    Being relaxed allows you to play

    effectively.

    An upright posture assists with

    air support and breath control.

    Bring the harmonica up to the mouth

    whilst maintaining posture.

    Holding the harmonica with one hand

    only initially can assist with

    maintaining a relaxed upright posture

    whislt playing

    Avoid hunching over forwards, taking

    the mouth down to the harmonica.

    Avoid tilting the head sideways.

    Check your posture by playing in front

    of a mirror.

    To ensure a relaxed posture, do muscle

    tension and release exercises for the

    face, shoulders, arms and hands prior

    to playing. Roll the shoulders back and

    forth.

    HOLDING THE