advantages vs disadvantages
Post on 23-Jul-2015
Embed Size (px)
Page | 19
In many countries nowadays, young single people no longer stay with their parents until they are married, but leave to study or work somewhere else.Do you think this trend has more advantages or disadvantages?Here are some tips to help with this kind of question:
1. Notice that the question includes the words "do you think". This tells you that you need to give your own opinion, as well as discussing both the advantages and disadvantages. Put your opinion in the introduction and conclusion, and don't be afraid to use the word "I" (e.g. I believe) to make it clear whatyouthink.
2. You won't be able to write a good essay if you don't plan your ideas first. Spend 2-3 minutes noting down ideas for the advantages of leaving home before marriage, then 2-3 minutes writing notes for the disadvantages. Then decide what your opinion is, according to whether you have more advantages or disadvantages.
3. If you can't think of any ideas, start by thinking of some examples e.g. Did you or any of your friends leave home before getting married? Do you know anyone who lived with their parents until they got married? What were the reasons and benefits or drawbacks of each decision?
Paragraph coherence: linking words
This lesson looks at one simple way to write a good paragraph for IELTS. And the key is simplicity: its as easy as 1 2 3. When you have a list of points to make, Id suggest the best way to do it is to count the points. Firstly, I give you some useful language. Secondly, I explain why it is useful. Finally, I show you how to use it in two sample paragraphs from recent IELTS papers.
Useful linking languageHere is some suggested language:
one point/argument/reason/idea is
an additional point/argument/reason/idea is
another point/argument/reason/idea is
Isnt this too simple? Shouldnt I use moreover and furthermoreThe short answer to that is no. Perhaps the best reason to give is that this is the language I use myself and I like to teach the language I use. I dont use moreover and furthermore The second reason is that in the IELTS exam you want to keep your structure language simple. Its a sad truth that too many candidates make mistakes in using moreover and furthermore.
I want to emphasise that one real benefit to using this method is that it makes writing easier. Once you have written: One reason.., you know that you are going to begin your next sentence Another reason. Your writing automatically becomes more coherent.
How should I use it?You need to be slightly careful here as it wont always be appropriate. It works best when you have to write a paragraph and you have several ideas which you cant develop over a sentence. What it does is make your writing more coherent and thats 25% of your marks.
Three examplesThis technique works particularly well in questions such as this recent IELTS writing topic where you are asked to discuss a plural topic: responsibilities.
Some people think that paying taxes is enough to contribute to society. Others argue that being a citizen involves more responsibilities. What is your opinion?
If you are a strong candidate, you might choose to write a4 paragraph essaywith one paragraph discussing paying tax and the other content paragraph discussing other responsibilities. Here is my version:
There are, however,various other responsibilitieswe owe our society.Oneis that young people should either do military service or some community work before starting their careers.A secondis that in some countries citizens do not just have the right to vote but they are in fact obliged to vote by law.Again, it is arguable that the better off within a society ought to provide for the underprivileged through charity work.
This technique is also of use in essays where you are asked to discuss the advantagesand disadvantages of an issue. Here is another recent IELTS topic:
Some people working abroad bring their family to live with them for a period of time. Do you think it has more advantages or disadvantages?
Here is my sample paragraph discussing the disadvantages:
Perhaps themost significant disadvantageis cost. Typically, it will be more expensive for people working abroad to support their families in the host country where the cost of living is higher.Another disadvantageis that the childrens education may be disrupted if they need to go to school in another country.Thirdly, it may be extremely difficult for the family to integrate if they are unable to speak the language.
The third example comes from mysample essay on compulsory education.
There are, however,equally strong argumentsagainst making school compulsory until the age of 18.One such argumentis that not everyone is academic and that some people benefit more from vocational training. For instance, someone who wants to become a car mechanic may find better training and more satisfaction in an apprentice scheme.Another related argumentis that, in todays world, young people are maturing ever more quickly and are able to make their own life decisions by the age of 16.
Notes1. Each of my paragraphs starts with a short simple sentence: this is an extremely good habit to get into.2. You may find yourself repeating certain words such as argument: this is in fact a good thing as it helps the coherence of your writing. It is not always correct to vary your vocabulary.3. There is some flexibility in how you can combine these connecting words4. Each of paragraphs contains 2/3 points. Id suggest that that is about right if you are going to try this technique.
Read more:Paragraph coherence: linking wordshttp://www.dcielts.com/ielts-writing/ielts-writing-paragraph-coherence-3/#ixzz3J1hbPXeVUnder Creative Commons License:Attribution Non-Commercial No DerivativesIELTS Writing Task 2 Part 9: Advantages and Disadvantages
bi vit ny, chng ta s cng trao i v dng bi c bn th ba ca Writing IELTS: Advantages and Disadvanntages. Mnh s a ra dn (essay plan) v nhng tips cn thit vit dng bi ny nh. Cc on vn trong bi mnh u ly t ngun ting Anh ng tin cy, nn cc bn yn tm nh.
ng k t vn qua in thoi hng dn phng php hc hiu qu - s
dng ti liu - gii p thc mc nng cao trnh Ting Anh
Mt bi tham kho:
In order to solve traffic problems, governments should tax private car owners heavily and use the money to improve public transportation.What are the advantages and disadvantages of such a solution?
Essay Plan (Structure)
- Introducing the topic.- Giving background information and Narrowing the topic.- Giving your point of view and mentioning the main areas covered in the essay. hiu r hn cu trc ca m bi, bn c th xem ti bi vit ny ca mnh
- Paragraph 1: Advantages.- Paragraph 2: Disadvantages.
Cc bn hy dnh cho Advantages mt on ring v Disadvantages cng vy. Vi mi on bn nn a ra 3 supporting ideas, ngha l s c 3 mt mnh v 3 mt yu. Tuy nhin, 2 supporting ideas cho mi on cng l nu bn vit di v su.Lu : Cc bn nn vit 2 on vi dung lng tng i bng nhau, khng nn thin lch (bias) i vi advantages va disadvantages. Gim kho s khng nh gi cao nu bn ch dnh 50 t cho advantages v n 150 t cho disadvantages. chuyn on, bn nn s dng linh hot mt s lin t hoc mu cu mang ngha nhng b/i lp. Di y l mt s mu cu v d m bn c th p dng cho mi bi.Despite these attractions, however, some drawbacks do existAlthough has many advantages, there still exist some noteworthy disadvantages.However, is not completely beneficial; there are some negative aspects that should be taken into consideration.
Restate in summary the main advantages and disadvantages of the topic being detailed.Nu bai khng yu cu a ra kin c nhn (vn ny tt hay xu, li hay hi) th bn khng phi v khng nn a vo kin ca mnh. Sau khi c xong phn thn bi da vo nhng l l, dn chng m bn a ra, ngi c phi hnh thnh mt quan im ring cho mnh. Bn nn khng nh li vn c c mt tt v mt xu, v tc ng ca n ph thuc ch yu vo cch chng ta khai thc m thi.
Vi du: To conclude, this solution is worth considering to improve the current situation, but there are advantages and disadvantages of introducing such a policy.Language: Phrases to list advantages or disadvantages:
- The first/main/greatest/most important advantage of . is .- One/another/an additional advantage of . is .- What makes stand out/important/ is - One/Another point in favor of . is .Ch : dng bi Academic Writing, bn nn trnh nhng t informal nh Pros/Cons, plus points/minus points, pluses/minuses, Tuy nhin nhng t ny c th vn dng linh hot trong phn thi ni Speaking v Speaking part 1 rt informal, part 2 neutral/semiformal, cn part 3 th tng i formal. Nn nhng t informal c th vn dng part 1 v part 2.
Both Sides Essay
In an IELTS both sides and opinion essay you need to discuss each side of an argument using the third person (people believe). You should save your opinion and use the first person (I think) in the final paragraph.A typical question is shown below:
Technology allows food to be produced in greater quantities and at lower prices. Some people believe this is a positive development, while others feel that the change is harmful.Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Key question words1.Discuss the advantages and disadvantages2.Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion
3.Discuss both sides of the argument
4.Discuss both sides of the argument and then give your own opinion
Example questionComputers are being used more and more in education. Some people say that learning online is the best way to learn, whereas some claim that