Advancing Sustainability in Discretionary Review 1

Download Advancing Sustainability in Discretionary Review 1

Post on 17-Dec-2014




0 download

Embed Size (px)


City of San Diego's General Plan and a prototypical Community Plan (San Ysidro) which have strong policies for sustainability and environmental justice


<ul><li><p>Advanc ing Susta inabi l i ty in </p><p>Discret ionary Rev iew</p><p>Nancy Bragado, City of San Diego, General PlanSara Lyons, City of San Diego, San Ysidro Community PlanSachin Kalbag, Centre City GreenKathleen Garcia, Former San Diego Planning Commissioner</p><p>November 3, 2010</p></li><li><p>Planning for Sustainability</p><p>APA California November 3, 2010</p><p>Nancy BragadoSara Lyons</p></li><li><p> City of San Diego General Plan Comprehensive plan for </p><p>growth and development unanimously adopted by the City Council in March 2008</p><p> Smart growth approach tailored for San Diego</p><p> Relies on infill development to meet Citys needs</p><p> Sustainability policies integrated throughout plan</p><p>PresenterPresentation Notes</p></li><li><p>General Plan Overview Guided by 10 Principles and City of Villages </p><p>Strategy</p><p> Represents a shift in focus from how we develop vacant land to how we invest in our existing communities</p><p> Emphasis on combining housing, employment, schools, civic uses at different scales, in village centers</p><p> Strategy works to preserve established residential neighborhoods and open spaces</p><p> Achieve high quality of life, address mobility and facilities needs, and manage the Citys continued growth</p></li><li><p>New Requirement: AB 32 -Address Climate Change</p></li><li><p>ON-ROAD TRANSPORTATI</p><p>ON 46%</p><p>ELECTRICITY 25%</p><p>NATURAL GAS END USES</p><p>9%</p><p>CIVIL AVIATION5%</p><p>INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES </p><p>AND PRODUCTS5%</p><p>OTHER FUELS/OTHER</p><p>4%</p><p>OFF-ROAD EQUIPMENT </p><p>AND VEHICLES4% WASTE</p><p>2%</p><p>AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY/LAND </p><p>USE2% RAIL</p><p>1%WATER-BORNE NAVIGATION</p><p>0.4%</p><p>San Diego Regional GHG Inventory Project Results</p><p>Source:</p><p>GHG Emissions for San Diego County (2006)</p></li><li><p>GHG Inventory Project Results </p><p></p><p>0</p><p>5</p><p>10</p><p>15</p><p>20</p><p>25</p><p>30</p><p>35</p><p>40</p><p>45</p><p>50</p><p>2006 Levels 2020 BAU Projections AB 32 Target Executive Order S-3-05 Target (2050)</p><p>M</p><p>M</p><p>T</p><p>C</p><p>O</p><p>2</p><p>E</p><p>Hypothetical GHG Emissions Reduction Targets San Diego County</p></li><li><p>San Diego 2050 Impacts</p><p> Climate will be hotter and drier Sea level 12-18 inches higher Severe water shortage More intense and frequent wildfires Public health at risk Loss of native plant and animal species Energy needs</p><p>Source: San Diego Foundation Focus 2050 Study</p></li><li><p>Climate Change Addressed Throughout the General Plan</p></li><li><p>General Plan: Land Use as a Sustainability Strategy</p><p> Population is growing How to plan for growth </p><p>responsibly and to achieve sustainability goals?</p><p> City of Villages strategy Links land use and transit </p><p>planning Distinctive, mixed use villages Pedestrian oriented Interconnected streets Local destinations (stores, </p><p>services, parks, schools) Connected to transit Distinctive public places</p></li><li><p>Village Propensity MapVillage Propensity Map</p></li><li><p>Mobility StrategiesCars and trucks produce 46% of GHG emissions in San Diego County</p><p> Transit/Land Use Coordination Multi-modal solutions</p><p> Walkable communities Bicycle facilities Streets and freeways Transit and transit-orientation Parking management Transportation management</p><p> Toolboxes allow for tailored solutions</p><p> Regional Collaboration</p></li><li><p>Walkability </p><p> General Plan addresses: Safety and accessibility</p><p> Safe Routes to Schools</p><p> Street Connectivity Walkability Lively, attractive streets</p><p> Toolbox of Solutions Pedestrian Improvement </p><p>Toolbox Traffic Calming Toolbox Parking Toolbox</p></li><li><p>PresenterPresentation NotesHere is a page from the General Plan Mobility Element showing a part of the Pedestrian Improvement Toolbox. The benefit of the toolbox approach is that we are able to provide a menu of tools along with citywide policies on how they are to be used, will also allowing for flexibility in implementation at the community or project level. </p></li><li><p>Parking Toolbox:Supply and Demand Strategies</p><p>Supply Re-stripe streets for </p><p>diagonal parking Community parking </p><p>facilities Adjust regulations Car lifts and </p><p>mechanized garages Code enforcement</p><p>Demand Parking meter districts Residential permit parking </p><p>districts Transit upgrades Car sharing Parking pricing Safe pedestrian and bicycle </p><p>routes Employee parking </p><p>programs</p></li><li><p>Urban Design Historic Preservation</p><p> Create diverse, walkable, mixed-use villages Design vibrant public spaces and prominent civic </p><p>architecture Public health co-benefits Conserve resources and reduce construction debris</p></li><li><p> Open space to define and link communities </p><p> Complement the environment and respect natural features</p></li><li><p>Sustainability Through Open Space Protections Watershed, river parks, </p><p>creek restoration, urban canyon lands Ground water infiltration Carbon sequestration Biodiversity Urban heat island</p><p> San Diego Multiple Species Conservation Program Comprehensive habitat </p><p>conservation planning 49,230 acres (93% of </p><p>Citys goal) are conserved or are obligated to be conserved. </p><p>PresenterPresentation NotesWork being done on Chollas Creek, SDRP plan, focus of grants</p></li><li><p>Conservation Electricity use accounts for 25% of San Diego County GHG emissions</p><p> Specifically addresses climate change Reduce carbon footprint Green buildings/sustainable development </p><p> Conserve and manage resources Water conservation Energy efficiency and renewables Waste management Wastewater collection and treatment Urban forestry</p><p> Open space preservation Ecosystem role </p></li><li><p>General Plan Water Policies</p><p> Water Supply and Infrastructure Increase alternative water </p><p>sources Provide and maintain </p><p>infrastructure Expand recycled water </p><p>distribution system Recognize water/energy nexus</p><p> Sustainable Development Green buildings Landscape design and </p><p>maintenance</p><p>Public Facilities and Conservation Elements</p></li><li><p>General Plan Water PoliciesPublic Facilities and Conservation Elements</p><p> Water Conservation and management Water conservation measures Watershed protection Groundwater and surface water </p><p>resources management Manage floodplains</p><p> Coordinated Planning State and regional water </p><p>resource planning Water and land use planning Development project review Plan for emergencies and climate </p><p>change impacts Public Education</p></li><li><p>Water/Energy/Carbon Nexus</p></li><li><p>Economic Prosperity Element:Align Environmental Protection and Economic Competitiveness</p><p> Innovation Challenge Business Incubator Biomimicry</p><p>Partnership Green Workforce </p><p>Training Clean Enterprise </p><p>Program</p><p>PresenterPresentation NotesEnvironmental, Economic and Equity goals mutually supporting through GP policies to support Clean Tech and base sector industries</p></li><li><p>The General Plan Action Plan</p><p> Identifies actions (implementation measures) derived from General Plan goals and policies</p><p> Organized by GP Element and timeframe</p><p> Sets key implementation priorities</p><p> Helps to inform the budget process</p><p> Will be used for annual monitoring of the General Plan</p><p> Adopted July 2009</p></li><li><p>Climate MAP</p><p> Climate Mitigation &amp; Adaptation Plan Includes updated GHG inventory for City </p><p>operations and community-at -large Will incorporate prior city actions and new </p><p>strategies Prepared as a part of the Citys Sustainable </p><p>Community Program Environmental document to be prepared</p><p>PresenterPresentation NotesUpdates to the Citys Sustainable Building Council PoliciesEnergy Efficiency and RetrofitsClean Generation</p></li><li><p>26</p><p>Regional CollaborationSANDAG</p><p> 2004 Regional Comprehensive Plan (RCP) </p><p> 2006 Smart Growth Concept Map 2007 Smart Growth Tool Box 2010 Climate Action Strategy 2010 Urban Area Transit Strategy 2011 Regional Transportation Plan</p><p> Sustainable Communities Strategy Environmental review will address </p><p>greenhouse gas emissions</p><p>PresenterPresentation NotesTo provide some background context, in 2004, the SANDAG Board adopted the Regional Comprehensive Plan (RCP) for the San Diego region. The RCP is based on principles of smart growth and sustainability.</p><p>In 2006, SANDAG accepted the Smart Growth Concept Map as a key implementation action of the RCP to show where the region has existing, planned, or potential opportunities for smart growth. The Board recently accepted a Technical Update. </p><p>In 2007, SANDAG started developing the Smart Growth Tool Box, with the goal of assisting local jurisdictions to build smart growth in the smart growth opportunity areas on the Concept Map.</p></li><li><p>Sustainability Tool:Land Development Code </p><p> Commercial/Mixed-Use zones Pedestrian-Oriented Design </p><p>standards Parking reductions for mixed-</p><p>use, transit proximity Tandem parking in some areas Bicycle parking &amp; amenities Small lot and townhouse zones Landscape Standards</p><p> Street trees required Turf limited Water conservation mandates</p><p> Local Food - Community Gardens issues</p><p>PresenterPresentation NotesLand Development Code contains many innovations that can be applied to specific properties to achieve plan general/community plan land use designations and policy goals</p></li><li><p>Discretionary Project ReviewAffordable Housing and Sustainable Development Incentive Program</p></li><li><p> Climate Protection Land Use, Housing, </p><p>Open Space Mobility Clean Tech and the </p><p>Economy Energy Water Waste Management Storm Water</p><p>PresenterPresentation NotesBrochure recently created to highlight the wide range of City actions that affect sustainability.</p></li><li><p>Implementation:Community Plans</p><p> Implement GP and SB 375 Reduce GHG through land use </p><p>and transportation planning Reduce GHG through </p><p>sustainable buildings and practices</p><p> Urban forestry GHG analysis in CEQA </p><p>documents Vulnerability analysis Adaptation Public education role Local </p><p>Government Partnership</p></li><li><p>San YsidroCommunity Planning Area</p><p>City of San Diego Communities</p><p>PresenterPresentation NotesSan Ysidro is one of 55 distinct community planning areas which have their own land use plans. Community plans are an extension of the General Plan and specifically address land use distribution and land use designations at the community specific level. Policies of the General Plan are not repeated in the community plans but are built upon, and the policies and recommendations included in community plans supplement the General Plan. </p><p>Last comprehensively updated the SY CPU in 1990Develop a plan that Reflects current conditions, Establishes a long-term vision Implements the General PlanIntegrates Port of Entry ProjectAddress land use, urban design, mobility planning, economic revitalization, and historic preservation</p></li><li><p>San Ysidro Community </p><p>PresenterPresentation NotesCommunity AttributesThe San Ysidro Planning Area encompasses approximately 1,863 acres. Topographically, much of the San Ysidro planning area is realitively level; however, there hilly terrain and steep slopes exist to the northeast. The Tijuana River floodplain comprises most of the planning area south and west of I-5. San Ysidros proximity to Mexico and its strong Hispanic heritage are among the community's greatest resources. San Ysidros location adjacent to Mexico provides abundant opportunities for cultural exchange and commerce serving both the tourist and the resident population. It also has unique challenges because of the proximity to the border particularly in coping with the direct and indirect impacts caused by border traffic. </p><p>Demographics:San Ysidros population for 2009 is 28,304 and is expected to be nearly 35,000 by 2030. San Ysidro is a young Hispanic community. The Hispanic population makes up 93% of the community compared to 28% Citywide. 76% of the population is under 44 years of age. Households are large and multi-generational. The persons per household average has gone up since 2009 and is significantly higher in San Ysidro than the Citywide. In 2000 the persons per household was 3.89 and in 2009 it was 4.10 compared to a current 2.74 city wide persons per household average. The median household income is $39,743 compared to approximately $70,000 city wide. (Interestingly, two people working minimum wage make approximately $27,000 a year.)</p></li><li><p>San Ysidro COMMUNITY PLAN UPDATE</p><p>PresenterPresentation NotesAreas of stabilitySingle-Family neighborhoodsLas AmericasAreas of transitionPOE; ITCPilot Village AreaOpportunitiesRich cultural and historic areas old town centerRedevelopment areaExisting urban design within older area of communityNew developments regional shopping center</p></li><li><p>Planning Considerations</p><p> Proximity to Land Port of Entry Excellent trolley access Intermodal Transit Center Improve connectivity throughout community Pilot Village location Environmental Justice</p><p>PresenterPresentation NotesThe primary catalyst for updating the SY CP is the Reconfiguration and Expansion of the LPOE. The federal project is exempt from CEQA and the City determined it was necessary to comprehensively exam this community planning area, particularly for circulation and mobility issues, in order to address the impacts the POE project would create for the community.</p><p>The community has a high ridership of transit and has two trolley stations within its boundaries. </p><p>The trolley station located at the border is envisioned to be a grand central station. The Intermodal Transit Center concept was explored in a recent mobility study and is identified as a key project to mitigate the POE impacts and provide a more efficient transit hub at the border. </p><p>The second trolley station is located near the Pilot Village site, is more of a community resource, in the old center of the community. While the access to trolley is excellent it also, similarly to the freeways, creates a barrier with few cross connections over the tracks.</p><p>The Mi Pueblo Pilot Village concept was one of a handful of model projects that were chosen to highlight the General Plans City of Villages growth strategy. The Village plan was mired in implementation issues and it is anticipated that through the community plan update we will help to position this area of the community to help it to fully realize this vision. </p><p>Quality of life issues is a central theme with the plan update and is very important to the community. Issues for the community range from providing affordable housing, creating better connections across the various freeways and tracks, and anticipating the impacts of the POE such as additional traffic and air quality and mitigating them the best we can. </p></li><li><p>Key Objectives An attractive international border destination Leverage bicultural and historic traditions and diversity Mix of land uses that serves residents and generates prosperity Increase mobility through a border intermodal center and create a strong </p><p>pedestrian focus Identify urban parks, plazas, and promenade Identify trail options and joint use opportunities; promote a healthy , active </p><p>community Incorporate sustainability, address environmental justice, and contribute to a </p><p>strong economy Provide a lively, pedestrian-friendly, healthy environment Facilitate the development of the Mi Pueblo Village Craft a clear and practical implementation strategy</p><p>PresenterPresentation NotesThrough the vision process we came up with 10 Key Objectives. These objects focus on creating a balanced community economically, environmentally and socially. It looks at leveraging the location and bicultural aspects of the community as well as enhancing the accessibility to existing transit and improving the pedestrian realm, identifies area for outdoor activities and enhancing the outdoor environment that already exists to a large degree.It incorporate sustainability practices, policies and design features that reduce greenhouse gas emiss...</p></li></ul>


View more >