adjuncts for resuscitation

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Adjuncts for Resuscitation


  • ADJUNCTS FOR RESUSCITATIONDR. Med. dr. Untung Widodo, SpAn.KIC.Bagian Anestesiologi & ReanimasiFakultas KedokteranUGM, Yogyakarta2010

  • I. PendahuluanCPR Guidelines 2005 (update from 2000) (ILCOR, International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation. Agreed in Int. consensus confe-rence on CPR and emergency cardiovascular care science )

    - No assessing pulseChest compression- ventilation = 30:2Compression rate : 100 x/minuteNo mouth to mouth breath w/o chest comp.(for lay rescuer)1. "Adult Basic Life Support". American Heart Association. 2. Basic Life Support". American Heart Association. 3. Adult Basic Life Support". American Heart Association."Pediatric Basic and Advanced Life Support". American Heart Association.

  • Device example :

  • For healthcare provider5 cycles of CPR before DC-shockCheck pulse after 5 cycles of CPRMinimize CPR interruption for insert A device, reassessment or drugs ad.1 DC shock only, then CPRReaffirmation of tPA i.v. for stroke, & should be administered by physicianIncreased emphasis on ventilation, & de-emphasis on using high conc. O2 for new bornCirculation 2005;112;IV-1-IV-5; originally published online Nov 28, 2005; part 1 : Introduction

  • Compression only CPR (= cardiocerebral resuscitation, CCR)

    A study by the University of Arizona, claimed that CCR had a 300% greater success rate over standard CPR ( The exceptions were in the case of drowning or drug overdose ) Cardiopulmonary resuscitation by bystanders with chest compression only (SOS-KANTO): an observational study". Lancet 69(9565): 9206. March 17, 2007. 2. Heart Association: Hands-only CPR works

  • to improve survival of CPR Immediate CPR followed by defibrillation within 35 minutes of sudden VF cardiac arrest improve survival. Widespread CPR training. (In cities such as Seattle where CPR training is widespread and defibrillation by EMS personnel follows quickly, the survival rate is about 30 percent. In cities such as New York City, without those advantages, the survival rate is only 12 percent )

  • II. Adjuncts for Airway control & VentilationBag-Mask Ventilation, (with sufficient Vt to produce chest arise, 6-7 ml/kg b.w. or 500-600 ml over 1 second)2 x vent. then 30 chest compressionIf ET/Combitube/LMA in place, give breath 8-10 x/minute, chest compression rate 100 x/minute Dont attempt to syncronizeCirculation 2005;112;IV-51-IV-57; originally published online Nov 28, 2005;Part 7.1 : Adjuncts for Airway Control and Ventilation

  • Aduncts for AirwayOropharyngeal airway Nasopharyngeal airway

    Advances airway : Esophageal-tracheal Combitube Laryngeal Mask Endotracheal tube (dont >10sec. for insertion)

  • Oropharyngeal tube

  • Nasopharyngeal tube

  • LMA

  • Esophageal-tracheal combiyube

  • Endotracheal tube

  • Bag-mask

  • III. Adjuncts for CPRTo date no adjunct has consistently been shown to be superior to standard manual CPR for out-of-hospital basic life support, and no device other than a defibrillator has consistently improved long-term survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.Circulation 2005;112;IV-47-IV-50; originally published online Nov 28, 2005;Part 6 : CPR Techniques and Devices

  • techniquesHigh-Frequency Chest Compressions (100 x/minute )Open-Chest CPR (during cardiac surgery)Interposed Abdominal Compression to improve cardiac preload)Cough CPR (during awake monitored VT/VF

  • devicesAutomatic and Mechanical Transport VentilatorsActive Compression-Decompression CPRImpedance Threshold DeviceMechanical Piston DeviceLoad-Distributing Band CPR or Vest CPRPhased Thoracic-Abdominal Compression-Decompression CPR With a Hand-Held DeviceExtracorporeal Techniques and Invasive Perfusion Devices



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