Adapting to Environmental Degradation & Climate Change How can we withstand a harsher climate and local environment?

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<ul><li><p>Adapting to Environmental Degradation &amp; Climate ChangeHow can we withstand a harsher climate and local environment?</p></li><li><p>AgricultureProtecting &amp; improving poor soilsKenya: Alley Cropping</p></li><li><p>Agriculture Natural Reforestation in Niger</p></li><li><p>ShelterFlood Resilient House flood escape platform</p></li><li><p>WATSANTearfund Tube Well in Darfur</p></li><li><p>Education &amp; AwarenessCommunity Radio in Afghanistan</p></li><li><p>Local AdvocacyCommunity Advocacy in Bangladesh</p></li><li><p>LivelihoodsTearfund beneficiaries harvesting a chilli crop</p></li><li><p>DroughtZai technique in Burkina Faso</p></li><li><p>DesertificationWells and dykes support Nomadic fixation sites in Niger</p></li><li><p>Rapid Rainfall RunoffRainwater catchment bunds in India</p></li><li><p>Floods Floating gardens in Bangladesh</p></li><li><p>FloodsFlood protection in Afghanistan through riverbank planting</p></li><li><p>Renewable EnergyWind Power in Sri Lanka</p></li><li><p>Renewable EnergyWind Power in Sri Lanka</p></li><li><p>Natural pesticide</p></li><li><p>Efficient stove</p></li><li><p>Biodiversity</p></li><li><p>Organic farming</p></li><li><p>Organic Agriculture &amp; Biodiversity</p></li><li><p>Increase biodiversity</p></li><li><p>Compost</p></li><li><p>Liquid manure</p></li><li><p>Mulch</p></li><li><p>TipTap</p></li><li><p>Soil erosion</p></li><li><p>Kitchen garden</p></li><li><p>Sack mound</p><p>Risk AnalysisMake projects sustainable do no harm/ do some goodED/ CCA projectsOverlap with DRR &amp; WATSAN, but not the sameDRR looks at short term disasters. CCA: temp increases, changes in seasons, precipitation, flooding, saline intrusion. DRR also looks at geophysical hazards.Shouldnt call it CCA, but environmentally sensitive development.Alley Cropping in Kenya to protect and improve poor soils Some of the problems with soil caused by climate change, but also through poor local farming practices Made sustainable through: - Grow rows of trees along ground contours with crops or vegetables between - crop diversification - protecting crops from sun, wind, heavy rain with trees</p><p>--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Partner: ICRAF, Kenya</p><p>Niger - CC caused inc. temps, droughts, wind storms = failing crops, lack of waterLocal farming methods exacerbated the problemPartner realised former roots of the forest were still in the ground - Encouraged allowing protected re-growth &amp; coppicingFarmers initially mocked, but saw the benefits: protects crops from wind, heat and dust restores water cycle provides building materials &amp; improves livelihoods</p><p>TFs other sustainable agriculture approaches include:crops that grow in shorter seasonsflood/ drought resistant cropsModified farming techniques: - replace synthetic fertilisers with organic methods - stop clearing land of all other vegetation - return crop waste to land as fertiliserStarting closed loop agriculture biofuel projects-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Partner: MIDC (Maradi Integrated Development Project), part of SIM (Society for International Ministries) Niger.</p><p>Modifying a house you were already going to build so its flood resilientThis shelter project is made Sustainable by: - constructing flood refuge platform - resilient concrete frame - at angle to flood waters</p><p>Now going further, looking increasingly at: - Sustainable construction materials e.g. locally sourced construction materials, straw bricks, - Closed Loop construction where possible, incorporating the communities wider needs, not just for shelter, but address their needs for energy, light, waste disposal, food, protection from extreme weather - solar lights, biogas digesters for sewage and fuel, kitchen gardens, flood diversion</p><p>New tube well in Darfur Darfur conflict leading to multiple agencies non sustainable use of natural resources E.g. Large number of wells being installed to serve IDP camps. - colleague observed diminishing yields - no one monitoring ground water table Realised that we needed a joined up approach to prevent environmental disaster Now introduced multi agency ground water monitoring Developing a similar approach to timber and clay resources</p><p>Another key element of DRR in CCA is Education &amp; Awareness A 70 year old man from Momand village opposed our project, saying: Disasters are the will of Allah, why are you trying to interfere with His will? The TF team had anticipated the question and responded with the story of Nu Allai Salam from the Koran Nu Allai Salam listened to the will of God and prepared for a disastrous flood and saved himself, his family and their animals. The old man was impressed at the Koranic knowledge of the team and how they wanted to use it to inform their project activities and blessed our project The Radio project is now highly regarded in informing people how to adapt to the impacts of CC and Environmental Degradation</p><p> Our key approach is to train local people to be their own advocates TFs Partner (HEED) organised rallies, banners, debates and oratory competitions across the region; - facilitated tree-planting, - engaged the media; - high profile prize giving ceremony all in the name of commemorating the International Day for Natural Disaster Risk Advocacy off the back of this at local &amp; national levels is bringing about changing attitudes to protect the natural environment</p><p>(Dont need to use the word advocacy relationship building, serving, providing local capacity help communities achieve the same ends without making enemies)</p><p>This livelihoods example is to re-fertilise saline soils Cot Darat, a village at sea level three miles from Indonesias coastlinevast areas of arable farmland, wells and groundwater suffered salt contamination in the tsunami economy was devastated with some 160,000 people losing their livelihoods. Rehabilitated land using using organic methods organic fertilizers and pesticides (onion, ginger, papaya) Drainage systems and lime to raise the soil pH Again, local farmers derided the work Proved nitrogen fixing plants have trapped the salt in the soil. Plants have thrivedAnother adaptation example:If your soil is infertile dig small pits, insert manure sow seeds when it rains hollows retain water &amp; crop yields increase</p><p>--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Tearfund Partner: CREDOIn Niger weve helped our Partner establish 22 fixation sites for Nomadic people affected by CCWells, dykes, schools, clinics, pasture managementimproving health, education, livelihoods, re-vegetation, biodiversityThis is a compromise that enables them to retain most of their trad way of life</p><p>(CC affected nomadic people in Nigers Sahel region)</p><p>-------------------------------------------------------------------Partner: Jemed, NigerOnce weve assessed the risk, we can choose appropriate responses such as this Here in Rajasthan, India, climate change has brought more intense rainfall that cant be absorbed - it runs off into watercourses, taking fertile soil with it Neighbouring fields, same crops, same time Left = rainwater catchment bund</p><p>-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Tearfund Partner: Discipleship CentreIf you suffer from floods, make your garden float!</p><p>--------------------------------------------------------------------Practical Action project: Gaibhana, Bangladesh Make rafts from water hyacinth roots Cover with soil &amp; plantCommunity Risk Reduction Alli Khil village in Mahmood Raqi district (Kapisa Province) has been increasingly affected by floods Each flood washes away more of their agricultural land Sometimes lose all their crops The people have developed their own solution and planted 300 trees close to the river to prevent erosion During floods last year, the trees withstood the floods, and their land and crops were protected. </p></li></ul>