adapting to climate change: local and global perspectives
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DESCRIPTIONPresentation by Dr Simon Gerrard to Norfolk Climate Change Conference March 27th 2009
- 1. Adapting to Climate Change: Local and Global Perspectives Dr Simon Gerrard Chief Technical Officer Low Carbon Innovation Centre
- 2. 2C 5C?
- 3. What effects are predicted?
- The UK will continue to get warmer
- Hotter, drier summers with more very hot summer days and droughts
- Milder, wetter winters with more bouts of heavy precipitation and floods
- Sea levels will continue to rise; storm surges becoming more frequent
- UK CIP08 scenarios coming soon!
- 4. Impacts in Norfolk
- Agriculture; food preparation and storage
- Built environment working/home/transport
- Outdoor vs. indoor
- Logistics and supply chains
- Finance - insurance
- 5. Response of wider systems
- SEMBE Scenarios
- Co-evolution of social, political, economic, technological and environmental drivers
- Climate change, energy security, and fuel poverty are key drivers
- Range of decarbonisation mechanisms
- 6. Scenarios Will the world be open, interdependent and multi-lateral in outlook or will fragmentation occur, with strongly independent states or regions engaging in bi-lateral approaches? Will the focus of future investments and innovation in the UK favour disruptive new technologies which stimulate new systems, or technologies targeted on exploitation of existing systems?
- 7. Norfolk - a resourceful region?
- Fortress Norfolk mentality will help create local focus on energy security
- Opportunity for trade in 2 nd generation biofuel from agriculture though food supplies take precedence
- Retrofitting existing buildings is a major challenge
- Rural characteristics and low population density are beneficial
- 8. Norfolk a sunshine state?
- Local focus is strong
- Significant opportunities for innovation (Norwich Research Park; Hethel Engineering Centre etc.)
- Increased carbon literacy through smart metering
- Carbon trading system proposed for Rackheath Eco-town is extended county-wide
- New community structures empower local focus on decision-making
- 9. Norfolk greener growth?
- Norfolk contributes to large scale renewable energy generation (UEA, Rackheath & Power House biomass; offshore wind)
- Rackheath Eco-town is a demonstrator for the nation, Europe and rest of the world
- Eco-innovation hub(s) on the Norwich Research Park
- Stimulated by widespread community engagement, Norwich, market towns and coastal areas are demonstration test-beds for new approaches to reduce carbon emissions and adapt to climate change
- Norfolk pride in eco-innovation taken worldwide
- 10. Norfolk creative carbon?
- Carbon capture and storage industry takes off in Norfolk offshore (gas fields) and onshore (biochar)
- Carbon management expertise at UEA, Research Park, Hethel provides a focal point.
- London is the centre of world carbon trading but some carbon specialists in finance industry relocate to Norfolk.
- Limited opportunity for urban renewal projects (Anglia Square?) for new mixed use developments.
- New low carbon community at Rackheath inspires others throughout Norfolk.
- 11. Climate Change Threat or Opportunity?
- Need to act now
- Norfolk playing catch-up on climate change strategy but is well placed to capitalise on opportunities
- Innovation in energy and agri-sectors
- New opportunities in carbon finance
- Significant local threats from sea level rise and flooding
- Ageing building stock, population and agriculture are vulnerable to hotter summer temperatures
- Disruption to global systems (energy, food, supply chains) will impact Norfolk
- Need widespread public engagement programme to generate and maintain momentum
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