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    R HIVES

    CGSC

    FT

    LEAVENWO

    TH

    KtiK4

    APR

    7 953

    r

    MONO SSIG

    MON OG

    PHi~

    CCESSION

    NO

    PO

    Ri G iSTRY

    THE

    GERMANS

    OPPOSITE

    lI

    CORPS

    IN

    SEPTEMBER

    1944

    Y

    LUCIAN

    HEICHLER

    DISTRIBL

    DE

    THIS

    MONOGRAPH

    MAY

    NOT

    BE

    REPRODUCED

    EITHER

    IN

    WHOLE

    OR IN PART

    WITHOUT

    THE

    PERMISSION

    OF

    THE

    CHIEF

    OF

    MILITARY

    HISTORY

    The German

    opposite

    VII

    Corps

    in Sep

    44

    hi

    of

    f s

    1 1 t

    ib>yB

    52

    CGSC Form

    16

    3

    Mar

    5

    Army CGSC P3 1966 20

    Mar 53 5M

    UNqCL SSIFI[Q

    p.

    r

    AXZ

    This Document

    IS

    A

    HOLDING

    OF

    THE

    ARCHIVES

    SECTION

    LIBRARY SERVICES

    FORT LEAVENWORTH

    KANSAS

    DOCUMENT

    NO. R 16436.3oB

    COPY

    NO.

    STORY

    Nomp

    7,

    _ a l

    1

    a

    pt

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    CHAPTER

    III

    Tr

    GLE1ANS OPPOSITE

    VII CORPS

    IN SEPTEMBER

    1944

    Part

    of

    a

    Study

    of

    the

    German

    Side Undertaken

    in

    Support

    of

    The Siegfried Line by Charles

    B MacDonald

    OCMH:

    In Progress

    Based Entirely

    on

    German Records, This Chapter is Intended

    to Complement

    Charter of The Siegfried

    Line:

    VII

    Corns

    Penetrates

    the

    Line

    by

    2VL ~a c~,

    Lucian

    Heichler

    Research Section

    Office

    of

    the Chief

    of Military

    History

    Washington, D

    C.

    December 952

    ~~

    ;SSFED

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    U abe

    A

    Sofon

    s

    Table of Contents

    ntroduction

    Defense

    of Aachen

    and

    the Stolberg

    orridor

    The DXXXI

    Corps

    Situation

    in Mid September

    1944

    LXXXI

    Corps: ounterattack

    and

    Stalemate

    LXXIV Corps:

    Defense

    of the Lammersdorf

    Corridor

    and

    the West

    VIall

    Page

    1

    41

    S

    8

    APPENDIX:

    Map

    of

    the West Wall in the LXXXI

    and

    LXX V

    orps

    s tors

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    UNCL SSIF

    I

    Introduction

    n the

    early

    years of World

    War the German

    Army

    amply

    demonstrated

    its

    ability

    to

    exploit victory to

    the

    fullest .

    After the tide had turned against the

    Germans,

    it became ap-

    parent

    that they also possessed the more outstanding

    bility

    to quickly recover

    from

    a defeat before

    their

    opponents

    could

    thoroughly

    exploit their

    success.

    The

    German Seventh

    Army exemplified

    this faculty

    late

    in

    the

    summer

    of 1944

    Less than

    month

    after suffering

    an

    apparently

    decisive

    defeat

    in which

    it

    was crushed

    and battered

    beyond

    recognition

    Seventh

    Army

    established

    a

    coherent

    front

    line

    from

    the Maas River

    to the

    Sohnee

    Eifel Range

    in September

    1944.

    Committed

    in this

    wide

    are and supported

    by

    a

    motley

    conglomeration

    of

    last-ditch

    reserves the

    army s

    remaining

    elements successfully

    defended

    the approaches

    to the Reich.

    During

    its

    withdrawal

    from

    Falaise

    to

    the West

    Wall,

    Seventh

    Army passed

    through

    three

    distinct

    phases.

    n th e

    first stage

    the

    rout

    following

    narowly averted

    annihilation

    in the

    Falaise Pocket

    Seventh

    rmy

    ceased to exist

    as n

    independent

    organization.

    Its

    shattered

    remnants were

    attached

    to Fifth Panzer

    Army

    until

    4 September

    1944.

    n

    that date

    Seventh

    Army was

    apparently

    reconstituted

    under

    the

    command

    of General

    der Panzertruppen

    Erich Brandenberger.

    The army

    then

    passed

    through the

    phase

    of delaying

    action

    while

    it

    ~rsa~

  • 5/20/2018 Aachen 1944

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    UM

    lED

    reorganized

    its

    forces

    and re-established

    the semblance of

    a

    front

    line. Despite persistent

    orders from

    above

    to defend

    every

    foot

    of ground, General

    Brandenberger

    realized

    that a

    fairly rapid

    with-

    drawal

    was

    called

    for, if his forces

    were

    to

    reach

    the West

    Wall

    ahead

    of

    American

    spearheads.

    MS

    B-730

    (Brandenberger).

    The delaying

    action

    ended

    officially on

    9

    September 1944 when

    Seventh

    Army was

    charged

    with the

    defense

    of the West

    Wall in

    the

    Maastricht

    Aachen

    Bitburg

    sectors. Along

    with the

    fortifications

    the

    army took

    over

    all headquarters

    and troops stationed

    in this

    area.

    f

    Seventh

    Army s three corps,

    LXUXI Corps

    was assigned the

    northern

    sector of

    the West Wall

    from the

    Herzogenrath

    Dueren

    switch

    position to

    the

    Rollesbroich

    Huertgen

    Forest

    sector.

    LXXIV Corps

    was committed in

    the center, from

    Roetgen to Ormont,

    and

    I

    SS

    Panzer

    orps

    was

    to defend the

    West

    Wall in the Schnee

    Eifel sector,

    from

    Ormont

    to

    the

    boundary with

    First Army

    at

    Diekirch.

    Order,

    Seventh Army

    to

    ll corps,

    9

    Sep 44,

    LXXI Corps

    KTB

    Anlagen,

    Befehle:

    Heeresgruppe,

    Armee,

    usw.

    [Orders:

    Army

    Group,

    Army,

    etc.],

    5.VIII.

    21.X.44.

    Referred

    to hereafter

    as LCXXI

    Corps

    KTB

    Befehle:

    Heeresgruppe,

    Armee, usw.

    See

    also Appendix,

    map

    of

    the

    West

    Wall.

    With this

    transition

    from the

    second to the

    third

    phase

    of

    operations

    from

    delaying

    action

    to firm

    resistance

    based

    on

    th e

    u~~L~s~ INN

    ~i~e~SYI

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    fortified cositions

    of

    the W est Wall

    the

    withdrawal

    from

    France

    came

    to

    an end and

    the defense

    of

    Germany began.

    When

    U.S.

    VII

    Corps launched its

    reconnaissance

    in force

    on

    12

    September 1944 Seventh

    rmy

    was in

    the

    mi st

    of this process

    of

    transition. While

    some

    of ts elements had already

    occupied

    their

    assigned

    West Wall

    so~tors others were

    still fighting

    a de-

    laying action well forward

    of the bunker line.

    UN L SSIFIED

    h

    fit i

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    Defense of

    Aachen

    and

    the

    Stolberg

    Corridor

    On 12 September 1944 the forces

    of

    LJ I

    Corps,

    under the

    command

    of

    Generalleutnant Friedrich-August

    Schack, were committed

    from Breust

    on the Maas River eastward to Hombourg and Moresnet

    thence

    south along the

    West

    Wall

    to

    the boundary with LXXIV Corps

    Eupen - Roetgen - Zuelpich

    - Bonn).*

    Noon

    Sitrep,

    LXXXI

    Corps,

    12 Sep

    44, LXXX Corps KTB

    Anlagen

    Tagesmeldungen [Daily

    Sitreps], 6.VIII. 21.X.44.

    Referred to

    hereafter as

    LXXXI

    Corps

    KTB

    Tagesmeldungen.

    Four

    badly

    mauled understrength

    divisions were committed in

    the LXXXI Corps front line.

    In the northwestern

    sector, between

    the

    Maas

    River

    and

    the Aachen

    area 275th and 49th Infantry Divisions

    held

    the line against U.S.

    XIX

    Corps.

    In the

    southeastern half

    For an account

    of these two divisions

    see

    Lucian

    Heichler

    Chapter IV, The Germans

    Facing XIX Corps, OCMH in progress).

    the

    LUXI Corps

    zone, opposite U.S.

    VII Corps,

    116th

    Panzer

    Division

    and 9th Panzer

    Division faced

    the

    U.S. 1st

    Infantry and

    3d Armored

    Divisions.

    The

    sector of 116th Panzer

    Division

    was

    defined

    in

    the northwest

    by

    the boundary with

    49th Infantry Division:

    Hombourg Schneeberg

    Hill along

    the West Wall to Bardenberg.

    In

    the

    southeast

    the

    boundary with

    9th

    Panzer

    Division extended

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