A modified contour bunding system for Alfisols of the semi-arid tropics

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<ul><li><p>, , l l ~ r+ ru l l u r+J l H'+Jh'+ Mum+l:+'m+'.l, IH (19N! t ) I~ ' i ' - l ! f l - I INI; F',II,(-'VIPI HI'IPIII'P l 'uldu,h+'r+= El V , AiTi,:;lerd,'Irn - - f ' r iIHe, d in '1~hP '~'e, l h e r l : i n d , , </p><p>A Modified Contour Bunding Sysl,em for Alfisols of the Semi-Arid Tropics* </p><p>F' PA 'T 'HAI ( I~ H, LARYF~]A and SARDAF+ S I N ( ; H </p><p>/i'+'.,,i)ull'i, , l~l l ]nnl~'tPH'nt l-~l'+~/~rlTnl, h l t ~ , r n o t l l ~ t l u / f'rllp,,~ ,[l'l,~;+'+1tl'h ln~.~llll.ltl, /l~t' I/1+' ,%_++'nil ,,~I i d ' l '~,q:m ,,,. [ ' ~ ] h ] m ' l n ' ~ ~l f+' f ~ , ,4 P , ~ll;l ,'1"!4, I m J . ] </p><p>( ,~.l'q't+llle(l :1 ( h'hd_.+r I!)NN </p><p>A P.,N'F'R A4 "'I' </p><p>I-'LHII,JI,~, I' . 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I </p><p>K i </p><p>W ,,ip ~'1 / '+ </p><p>? </p><p>A </p><p>i </p><p>4 </p><p>I I , ' </p><p>I , I </p><p>I ' I ' . + , I I I , ~ , I .,, F,,I '~ </p><p>'-I I=1 </p><p>:1 'PI </p><p>W </p><p>I-- </p><p>[ I t , ~ l ' a r i i - P t r u m i:lurlq "I ( m ) </p><p>I~'tl~, '.' la l ( ' rqp~,~,~,~,( , I t ,m(~laeqm~,enl l~m~l l~qmti ,Jr bund~dl t~ ,hJ ( h i Ylehl,~l',.trl4hutn/f~tl.,,L., m l . , a ttlt,-,rq'r,~p u ' , u [ i J i ' l l ' l l l J t l el l d l h l ~ J t l ( ' e I r l l r F i ( h e [HJ l lC Ih I I I dt L ' IJI I~, ' ( - ' I I I l l )F l~] [ V i l l l h ) U l " h u t l i ' ] F , d [ l l~ l l~ I I I I[1 ~ Itr!,l Ve,'J r a l l e r i'q)n!,l rul ' l tq~tl i)rl :In AIII,_,I J, I( 'I-~IH, A'T' ( ' P n l e r ( Huthm~,, I!)~:~ J ( i ,) YtPhJ ~tl ~Ii~tllhlJnl/ T)II~,~'qpll [JPdJ tnl~r~'rqq~ dJh ,J I ' l J tw l l lm ,~1 I'h~,~h'ii'lve I r,~rn the h l J t l ( ' ~ ; I l l ~J ( ~t l~l- ' t l l t ,) t l~j [ i ' l~ l l l~ lJ l [HJn(]e~f InPh( Hi IIiP 'J~,l h ~'~J r ull,-,r I '(m',l rue l l~m i)n . i l l Al l lhl~[, I ( 'R I ,~A 'T ' ( 'P i i h . r </p></li><li><p>I !1~ I' I' ,~ I l -h~, l ', Ii~ I I ,~J, </p><p>] 'A B I, F, '.' </p><p>I I l l ,Ji l l y l i~ ld, r lJt i~l ' l ' , JnIJ ~;,~ll hlh~.l Ir l~lr i i l l l l e r e l l l I m i d rn.'lllal.,,ertlt-,rll hy:.;h-'lrlb t i l l AIl ' l :, l~l ~ale l~; l ' le lJ ; , </p><p>I ,anHI rTl~ln~.ll~,i~lFIl~lll q_'r'l 4) (_;rLIIVl ~, IPhJ F~lJrll~l'l ,%1~11 I,~,,~ bv , , l e r l l h ' ( I*l.',/h,J ) ( iI-lrll ) (I i /hl ] I </p><p>I I) Br~mlll)e</p></li><li><p>( q ) " , , , l l ) l ' l l IU ,dl)ll',,ll, I,'l)ld ~, l , t ' lF,() l ," , l ) l ' 'T'I4F,,,',;I',;',.II ,%1'~11) F'Fl()l ' l l ~', I!-),) </p><p>L~nlt ) tha t ( le( ' reased ihe nnl'illr'arn</p></li><li><p>lt-l+; I ' I',,~,l'l-I ~J ', I ' ,I ~I, </p><p>+.uil)seqtierrt .vear+.~ l)iere w</p></li><li><p>~',J l q ~I 'l-g I-~I ",J[ i l l~J i , I ' i h ' ,~,I ,I, I ' i ( ) I , : ; Jl ~' T I-I I~', ~ I , ,%11 ~ , I I I J 'F 'F I I i [ ' l l % i ! J '~ ' </p><p>:.t.', </p><p>q~b ' 7 </p><p>"T ~ n </p><p>~.Lt </p><p>,..., I.Lp +..~ (--: </p><p>t _ l </p><p>I - </p><p>' f ~ </p><p>v.- </p><p>~-: '."I </p><p>,.t:. </p><p>3 - , </p><p>, '.~...2 ~ </p><p>I.'1 </p><p>, - ~ 121 </p><p>,,-, </p><p>'?i ,;4 </p><p>i.~ </p><p>i*-.~ lip </p><p>~ ~a, </p><p>:.,: </p><p>~=, -~ </p><p>~,L~ </p><p>,,, ,,-, ~ '~ </p><p>. , . , </p><p>t=, </p><p>q,l,i ,-~ </p><p>~. ~, ~ ~', </p><p>I.'1 "~ qD ',~ e./'j ~ ,'-, ,..~ </p><p>q.~. t I " U" </p><p>,.-b i.'T, ,.~'i lJ~ I - </p><p>'~P i.'Ti </p><p>,=p ,? , .'--4 </p><p>, 3 , ,~'~ , i </p><p>r - i '~, </p><p>' I ~ '=P ,,1., ,:t.l q1.b </p><p>I"~ .7, </p><p>~=, :.-'I </p><p>:_-:, </p></li><li><p>I!1~ I' I'X,I'H \1~ I'1-' '~ll </p><p>+.;l_)Illwuv (_)r t h e l I()H, llrllrl ti~lal mea+imal r+.~inl'+.ill in I~H,I, L!2,S 111,111 WLIt.~ rer1~r,lled ; in e~J'e.,.++.; :.+~Irl'a~.'e w+.,iter whl(.,h i ' imhl h~Jve e~l'L,ir.)e,l+ ;.'in l'iJl11)l'l' I',i'(111,i tire l iehl . In l Jle ('11,1rvel,lt i(inLII ,'-;V+-;tel+1+r, !)8 l+nln, ()r an ,'.,iiJdit l(11r+.ll W'h, (d' t h e +.+eLl,'+:_;ImL'lJ ralnl't,lll w+l:., M~,l'e</p></li><li><p>~ l i f t It lit ",IHI',.(. Fq)I-t,+,I,I'I!,+II,';()F'THFPII,,MI +,ItlI)I 'I,ttH'H',; I! l! l </p><p>Ihe ~_+;Jte, I ,)utlel c</p></li></ul>

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