a descripive study on conceptual metaphor - stain salatiga

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A DESCRIPIVE STUDY ON CONCEPTUAL METAPHOR5()/(&7(' ,1 A1'5(A +,5A7A6 129(/6A1G 3E0I03IA Graduating PaperSubmitted to the Board of Examiners as a Partial Fulfillmentof the Requirement for the Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Islam (S.Pd.I)in the English Department of Educational Faculty By:SITI NUR JANAHNIM. 11307123ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FACULTYSTATE INSTITUTE FOR ISLAMIC STUDIES (STAIN)SALATIGA2012

MINISTRY OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRSSTATE INSTITUTE FOR ISLAMIC STUDIES(STAIN SALATIGA)Jl. Tentara Pelajar 02 Phone 0298 323706 Salatiga 50721Website: www.stainsalatiga.ac.id E-mail: adm i n i strasi@stainsalatiga.ac.idDECLARATIONIn the name of Allah, The Most gracious and The Most Merciful.Pronounces wholeheartedly that the thesis entitled A DESCRIPIVE STUDY21 &21&(378A/ 0(7A3+25 5()/(&7(' ,1 A1'5(A +,5A7A6NOVEL 6A1G 3E0I03I is originally made by the researcher. It is not aplagiarism nor made by others. The things related to other people works are written inquotation and included in the bibliography.The writer is capable to account for this graduating paper if in the future it canEH SURYHG RI FRQWDLQLQJ RWKHUV LGHDV RU LQ IDFW WKH ZULWHU LPLWDWHV WKH RWKHUVgraduating paper.Likewise, the declaration is made by the writer and she hopes that thisdeclaration can be understood.Salatiga, February 14 , 2012thThe Writer,SITI NUR JANAHNIM. 11307123

MINISTRY OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRSSTATE INSTITUTE FOR ISLAMIC STUDIES(STAIN SALATIGA)Jl. Tentara Pelajar 02 Phone 0298 323706 Salatiga 50721Website: www.stainsalatiga.ac.id E-mail: adm i n i strasi@stainsalatiga.ac.idNorwanto, S.Pd., M.Hum.Salatiga,February14 ,th2012The Lecturer of Educational FacultyState Islamic Studies Institute of SalatigaATTENTIVE COUNSELOR NOTESCase: Siti Nur JanahV Graduating PaperDearThe Head of State IslamicStudies Institute of SalatigaAVVDODPXDODLNXP :U. :E.Afterreadingand correcting Siti NurJanahVgraduating paper entitledADESCRIPIVE STUDY ON CONCEPTUAL METAPHOR REFLECTED INA1'5(A +,5A7A6 129(/ 6A1G 3E0I03I, I hope it would be examinedas soon as possible.:DVVDODPXDODLNXP :U. :E.Consultant,Norwanto S.Pd., M.Hum.NIP. 19751015 200212 1 006

MINISTRY OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRSSTATE INSTITUTE FOR ISLAMIC STUDIES(STAIN SALATIGA)Jl. Tentara Pelajar 02 Phone 0298 323706 Salatiga 50721Website: www.stainsalatiga.ac.id E-mail: adm i n i strasi@stainsalatiga.ac.idSTATEMENT OF CERTIFICATIONA DESCRIPIVE STUDY ON CONCEPTUAL METAPHOR REFLECTED INA1'5(A +,5A7A6 129(/ 6A1G 3E0I03ICREATED BY:SITI NUR JANAH113 070 123Has been brought to the board of examiners of English Department ofEducation Faculty State Institute of Islamic Studies (STAIN) on February 2012, andhereby considered to completely fulfillment the requirements of the Degree ofSarjana Pendidikan Islam (S.PdI.).Board of examiners,Head: 'U + 6DDGL 0$J______________NIP. 19630420 199203 1 003Secretary: Maslihatul Umami, M.A.______________NIP. 19800513 200312 2 0031stExaminer : Ruwandi, M.A.______________NIP. 19661225 200003 1 0022ndExaminer :Setyo Rini______________NIP. 19750518 2003312 2 0023rdExaminer: Norwanto, M.Hum.______________NIP. 19751015 200212 1 006Salatiga. February 29 , 2012thRector STAIN SalatigaDr. Imam Sutomo, M.AgNIP. 19580827 198303 1

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DEDICATIONThis graduating paper is dedicated with love and gratitude to:1.My ALLAH SWT who enlighten in various merciful.2.My dearest mother, Marsini, thanks for everything that you have given andmotivation to me. The best mother in the world. From you, I learnedeverything that can make me strong to face the world. Thanks Mom. I love\RX VR PXFK DQG ZRQW OHW \RX GRZQ , SURPLVH3.My beloved father, Sutrisno, S.Pd., Thanks for everything that you given. Ialways love and miss you. Calm on paradise.4.My lovely sister Siti Nur Rohmah thanks for your help and support.5.My old sister Tutik Hestiria, my old brother Muis Abdilah, and my littleniece, Hasna Azzahra.6.My Spirit in my live, someone who always there and JLYHV PH VXSSRUWSothank you, your love for being there, for supporting me.7.State Institute of Islamic Studies (STAIN) Salatiga, you give me everything.My dreams on you.8.Pak Dhe and Bu Dhe Sukardi, thanks for your guidance.9.Mas Tulus, Roni, and Riska, I love you all.10.My best friends Lina Tri Astuti, Ulfa Nur Hasanah, Akhmad ali Affandi,Anwar Haris Setiawan, Trimanto, Vina Ristiyani, Dini Muyasyaroh, and allmy friend, thanks for your praying to finish my paper.11.0\ IULHQGV RI 7%, ( WKDQNV IRU \RXU VXSSRUW DQG SUD\ .HHS RQfriendship and togetherness.12.All TBI 2007.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTAll praises due to Allah, the Most Gracious and the Most Merciful because ofHis wonderful blessing and His mercy, the writer can finish this thesis successfully.His incredible blessings make realize that nothing is difficult in His eyes. I realize mygratitude will and endless blessing in my life.Peace and salutation always is given to our beloved Prophet MuhammadSAW that we hope his blessing in Judgment day.However, this success would not be achieved without the support, guidance,advice, help and encouragement from individuals and institutions. Therefore, thewriter would like to express the deepest gratitude to:1.Dr. Imam Sutomo, M. Ag., as the head of State Islamic Studies Institute(STAIN) of Salatiga.2.Suwardi, S. Pd, MA, as the chief of Education faculty.3.Maslihatul Umami, S. Pd.I, M. A., as the head of English Department.4.Norwanto, S. Pd., M. Hum., as a counselor who has educated, supported,directed, and given writer advices. Thanks for suggestion and guidance forthis graduating paper from beginning until the end.5.Faizal Risdianto, S.S, M.Hum, who has advice in finishing my graduatingpaper.6.All lecturers of English Department of STAIN Salatiga.7.All of my teachers who have taught and guided me.

8.All staffs who have helped the writer in completing of this graduating paper.9.Her beloved family and all of my EHVW IULHQGV classmates in TBI-E whoalways give their love, pray, and support me to finish my final project.10.Those who cannot be mentioned one by one.Finally, the writer realize that the study is still far from perfect, and have greatexpectation that this final project would be useful for further study. This graduatingpaper is expected to be able to provide useful knowledge and information to thereaders.Salatiga, February 14 , 2012thThe writerSiti Nur Janah

ABSTRACTJanah, Siti Nur. 2012 : The title of this final project is A DESCRIPIVE STUDYONCONCEPTUALMETAPHORREFLECTEDINANDREA+,5A7A6129(/6A1G3E0I03IGraduating Paper. TarbiyahFaculty. English Major. State Institute for Islamic Studies (STAIN) Salatiga.Consultant: Norwanto, M.Hum.Keywords : Andrea +LUDWD QRYHO 6DQJ 3HPLPSL conceptual metaphor, and GeorgeLakoff.This study aims at describing cRQFHSWXDO PHWDSKRU LQ $QGUHD +LUDWDVNovel 6DQJ 3HPLPSL LQ WKH SHUVSHFWLYH RI *HRUJH /DNRIIV WKHRULHV RI PHWDSKRUThis research is a qualitative research. The object of the study is the use of metaphorin the novel 6DQJ 3HPLPSL. There are 30 metaphorical expressions. Havinganalyzed the data, the researcher concludes that there are five outstanding conceptualmappings on the novel: Inanimate object treated as an individual, seeing is doing,concrete entity stating abstract entity, abstract entity treated as a concrete entity, andGod creating as if human being. Among the five conceptual mappings, inanimateobject treated as an individual is the most usage.

TABLE OF CONTENTSTitle Page ................................................................................................................. .....iLogo Page ................................................................................................................. .....iiDeclaration ............................................................................................................... ....iiiAttentive CounselorV Notes .................................................................................... ....ivStatement of Certification ........................................................................................ .....vMotto ........................................................................................................................ ....vi'HGLFDWLRQ .......viiAcknowledgement .................................................................................................... ....viiiAbstract .................................................................................................................... ....xTable of Content ....................................................................................................... ....xiCHAPTER I INTRODUCTIONA.The Background of the Study ............................................................. ....1B. The Statement of the Problems ........................................................... ....3C. The Objectives of the Study ................................................................ ....3D.The Benefits of the Study .................................................................... ....3E.Definition of the Term ........................................................................ ....4F. 7KH 5HYLHZ RI WKH 5HODWHG /LWHUDWXUH .......6G.Writing Outline ................................................................................... ....8CHAPTER II THEORITICAL REVIEWA.Metaphor ............................................................................................. ....9B. Conceptual Metaphor .......................................................................... ....12C. Literary Elements ................................................................................ ....17D.Message ..........................................................................