9A Unit 6 Grammar Reported speech with tense changes.
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9A Unit 6 GrammarReported speech with tense changes
Kitty says, ' My favourite film star is Audrey Hepburn.'
Kitty says her favourite film star is Audrey Hepburn.
Direct speechReported speechquotation mark
Collette said,' Hepburn is the perfect girl to play the lead role.'
Collette said that Hepburn was the perfect girl to play the lead role.
Direct speechReported speechquotation mark
Direct Speech and Reported Speech ___________; _____________________. ________
Kitty says, ' I have watched all her films.' Kitty says (that) she has watched all her films.
Millie says,' Cartoons are my favourite.'
Amy says,'You can have a look at my DVDs.'
Simon says,' I like Gong Li because of her beauty and wisdom.'Millie says that cartoons are her favourite.Amy says that I can have a look at her DVDs.Simon says that he likes Gong Li because of her beauty and wisdom.
Reported speech with tense changesDaniel said,' I want to read a detective story.'Daniel said that he wanted to read a detective story.
Murder in Valley TownLast night, the body of a young man was found in the doorway of a clothes shop. The murderer hasn't been found yet.Detective Lu is trying to find some evidence.
Im scared, said the witness.The witness said (that) she was scared.Someone is running away, said Mrs Ma.Mrs Ma said (that) someone was running away.
Reported speechDirect speechSimple presentSimple pastPresent continuousPast continuous
Ive finished my report, said Detective Lu.Detective Lu said (that) he had finished his report.I heard about the case, said Mr Wu.Mr Wu said (that) he had heard about the case.
Reported speechDirect speechPresent perfectPast perfectSimple pastPast perfect
Well look for more clues, said Detective Lu.Detective Lu said (that) they would look for more clues.
Reported speechDirect speechSimple futurewould
simple present-------------simple past present continuous--past continuous present perfect--------past perfect simple past------------- past perfect simple future-------------...would... Tense changes
She said she had been to many countries.She said she would call on you the next day.The story is called Murder in Valley Town.He said that the story was called Murder in Valley Town.
She said she had been to many countries.She said she would call on you the next day.The murder took place at about 9 p.m..He said that the murder had taken place at about 9p.m..
She said she had been to many countries.She said she would call on you the next day.The police have found something strange.He said that the police had found something strange.
She said she had been to many countries.She said she would call on you the next day.Detective Lu will find out the murderer.He said that Detective Lu would find out the murderer.
1. I have a tough case, said the detective. The detective said that _______________________.2. Were looking for more evidence, said the detective. The detective said that _______________________ _________________.3. The two men in black often ate in our restaurant, the waitress said.The waitress said the two men in black had often eaten in their restaurant.he had a tough case they were looking for more evidenceJust try!
4. Well try our best to arrest the murderer, said the policemen.
5. I am happy the police found some evidence, a man said.The policemen said that they would try their best to arrest the murderer.A man said that he was happy the police had found some evidence.Just try!
He said, It is 9 oclock now.He said it was 9 oclock then.now thenHe said , I havent seen her today.He said he hadnt seen her that day.today that dayShe said , I went there yesterday.She said she had gone there the day before.yesterday the day beforeShe said , I will go there tomorrow.She said she would go there the following / next day.tomorrow the next / following dayAdverbial changes:
thenthat daythat nightthat morning / weekthe following day/the next daythe day beforethe month beforebeforetherethe next week/monthAdverbial changes:
Direct speechReported speechnowtodaytonightthis morning / weektomorrowyesterdaylast monthagoherenext week/month
1. He said, I am busy now.
2. She said, I saw a film yesterday.
He said that he was busy then.She said that she had seen a film the day before.Lets try!
3. He said, Ill come back next week.
4. Tom said, We will try to find the clue tonight.
Tom said that they would try to find the clue that night.Lets try!He said that he would come back the next week.
TensesPronounsAdverbialsSimple present Simple pastPresent continuous Past continuousPresent perfect Past perfectSimple past Past perfectSimple future wouldNotes:
SUMMARY ,that, that ..
1. was3. had seen, the day before4. (that) his cousin had noticed a man running down Upper Street the night before.5. (that) she did not dare to go out alone at night then and that there was a risk of getting killed.Keys to A1:2. had seen
6. (that) she would move to Moon Town for safety.7. (that) the police would catch the murderer soon.8. was running out.9. would put up; the next day / the following dayKeys to A1:
Wh- questions1. Where are the man's parents? asked Millie.
2. How are his parents now ? she asked.
Change the word order: wh-+S+ V: ()++Millie asked where the man's parents were.She asked how his parents were then.2. Change the quotation mark to a full stop
His parents asked how many suspects they had found.How many suspects have you found ?
His parents asked when they would catch the murderer.When will you catch the murderer?
Choose the best answers. 1)The man asked me ___________A how far was it B how could he get there C how could he get to thereD how he could get there
2) They asked when____________.A the film would startB will the film startC would the film startADA
Yes/No questionsDoes Detective Lu have time to talk with us? they asked.They asked if / whether Detective Lu had time to talk with them.if / whether +S+ VAdd if/whetherChange the word orderChange the question mark to a full stop
1. She asked,'Is there anything strange ?' She asked_______ ____ ____anything strange.
2. The policeman asked,'Did you see any strangers?'The policeman asked______ ____ ___ ___any strangers.
if/whether there wasif/whether they had seen
The reporter asked _____ ______ _____Detective Lu.Are you Detective Lu?whether he was
The reporter asked ____ ____ ____ ____him a few questions.Can I ask you a few questions?whether he could ask
TensesPronounsAdverbialsThe word orderA full stopAdd if / whetherNotes:
SUMMARY ,,,, if whether
1. The interviewer asked Detective Lu how many crimes he had solved.2. The interviewer asked him why he had become a detective.3. The interviewer asked him when the Valley Town murder had taken place.Keys to A2:
4. The interviewer asked if / whether there had been more than one attacker.5. The interviewer asked if / whether he had solved the Valley Town murder.We do not use _______________ (full stops, quotation marks) with reported speech.quotation marksKeys to A2:
Homework1.Review Reported speech with tense changes.2.Complete the exercises in Learn English with you.
StatementsWh- questionsYes/ No questionsI was not there at that time yesterday, the suspect said.The suspect said (that) he had not been there at that time the day before.Why did he become a detective? he asked.He asked why he had become a detective.Has he solved the case? she asked.She asked whether / if he had solved the case.
this, that, these those now, then, today that day this week that week yesterday the day before last week the week before four days ago four days before the day before yesterday two days before tomorrow the next/following daynext month the next/following month here there come, go,bring take can, may, must could, might, had to
TensesPronounsAdverbialsThe word orderA full stopAdd if / whetherNotes:
She asked when the victim was found.She asked if / whether the police could find the murderer.Yes/ No questions: if / whether+S+ VWh- questions & Yes/No questions:Wh-questions: wh-+S+ V
:1.I dont like computers, Sandy said to her friends.Sandy said to her friendsthat saiddidntsheSandy said to her friends that she didnt like computers.
2.:Is it easy to work out the problem?( They asked him )They asked himifIt is easy to work out the problem.it is easy to work out the problem.askediswasThey asked him if it was easy to work out the problem.
3.When do you harvest the wheat ?( They asked him )They asked himwhenyou harvest the wheatyou harvest the wheat.heharvestedThey asked him when he harvested the wheat.
4.Little boy, put on your coat.(They ordered )They ordered Little boy Little boy, put on your coat. put on your coat.to put They ordered the little boy to put on his coat.his
1) 2) 3) 4) 5 6 7 ---8 9)
The sun rises in the east,said Mr Wu
Part4 Reported speech without tense changeIf we are reporting a fact or if the information is still true,we do not need to change the tense.Mr Wu said the sun rises in the east.Detective Lu said,we will work hard to find the murderer.Detective Lu said they will work hard to find the murderer.
Our teacher said, The sun is much bigger than the earth. .Our teacher said the sun is much bigger than the earth.
Our teacher said there are 12 months in a year.
Our teacher said,There are 12 months in a year.
Our teacher said, Light travels faster than sound.Our teacher said light travels faster than sound.
Our teacher said the moon goes around the earth. Our teacher said,The moon goes around the earth.
The moon moves around the earth. Mike said. Mike said the moon moves round the earth.
Our geography teacher told us: The Great Wall is the longest wall in the world.Our geography teacher told us that the Great Wall is the longest wall in the world.
part5She said to usPlease sit down. She asked us to sit down. He saidDont make so much noiseboys. He told the boys not to make so much noise. Please explain why youre two and a half hours late, the boss said. The boss asked him to explain why he was two and a half hours late. Dont give up! Father shouted at him. Father told him in a loud voice not to give up. Get everything ready in half an hour, the teacher said to the students. The teacher ordered the students to get everything ready in half an hour. say tell sb. ask/suggestorder) This part is optional. You can choose to use.
1.e.g.Millie said,My brother wants to go with me.Millie said that her brother wanted to go with her.2.e.g.The teacher says to us,You should work hard.The teacher says to us that we should work hard.3.e.g.The teacher said,She is hard-working.The teacher said that sha was hard-working.
Shirley says: I dont want to do homework everyday. Shirley says that she doesnt want to do homework everyday.Edward says: I was so careless that I didnt do my homework well yesterday. Edward says that he was so careless that he didnt do his homework well.
Change the sentences into reported speech.1). I like apples, said he.
2). She said, Im doing my homework. He said that he _____applesShe said that she _________her homework.likedwas doing
3)Ive received the letter, said Tom.
4). I didnt see the cat, said he.
5). Ill be late for school, said Kate.Tom said that he ____________the letter.He said that he ___________the cat.Kate said that she________ be late for school.had receivedhadnt seenwould
She said to me,I like English very much. She said that she liked English very much.I will finish doing my homework soon promised Tom. Tom promised that he would finish doing his homework soon.
Miss Hu said: Susie has done a good job.Miss Hu said that Susie had done a good job.Father told me: Your mother is cooking.Father told me that my mother was cooking.
The teacher ordered the students: Keep silent! The teacher ordered the students to keep silent.The teacher said to the students:Dont be late again. The teacher told the students not to be late again.
orderaskadvise sb (not) to sthtellrequestwarn