8th Grade Social Studies End of Year Checkpoint Assessment Study Guide.

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8th Grade Social StudiesEnd of Year Checkpoint AssessmentStudy Guide$100$200$300$400$500$100$200$300$400$500$100$200$300$400$500$100$200$300$400$500$100$200$300$400$500Action/ReactionPeople+ & - TerritoryR & RActs & LawsAction/Reaction for $100Americans wanted to gain control of this so they moved the Native Americans westP. 192Action/Reaction for $200Jefferson doubled the size of the United States by doing this.P. 199Action/Reaction for $300Many Americans were inspired to work towards ending slavery because of this movement.P. 242Action/Reaction for $400Because of a belief in this idea, many Americans believed the US had the right and the duty to expand across the entire North American continent.P. 197Action/Reaction $500Immigrants tended to move to the North because it offered more of these.P265People for $100The author of Uncle Toms Cabin.P. 292People for $200This group of people moved to Utah looking for a place to follow their religion in peace.P. 222People for $300This group of early pioneers left behind a legacy that included the opening of schools, churches, libraries and charities wherever they settled.P. 221People for $400Americans who wanted to end slavery.P. 246People for $500This group of immigrants was essential to the building of the first transcontinental railroad.P. 342Reform & Revolution for $100Horace Mann led the movement to reform this area of life for American children.P. 245Reform & Revolution $200The Underground Railroad, breaking tools, running away, damaging crops, and sneaking food are example of ways slaves attempted to do this.P. 277Reform & Revolution for $300This man led a raid on a federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry that caused him to become a hero to many northern abolitionists.P. 299Reform & Revolution for $400The shelling of this fort in South Carolina is considered to be the event that turned the secession crisis into civil war.P. 126Reform & Revolution for $500By portraying slavery accurately, this book succeeded in turning many northerners against the system of forced labor used in the south.P. 293Acts & Laws for $100The debate over slavery was temporarily resolved after the passage of this in 1820.P. 288Acts & Laws for $200Under the Homestead Act, settlers could receive 160 acres of free land in the west in exchange for agreeing to do these two things.P. 340Acts & Laws for $300The Bill that officially marked the end of Reconstruction, put Rutherford B Hayes into office as President after a disputed election and removed federal troops from the south.P. 331Acts & Laws for $400These laws were passed in the south during Reconstruction as a way of enforcing segregation between whites and blacks.P. 333Acts & Laws for $500Violence resulted from the passage of this bill which scrapped the Missouri Compromise and left the slavery issue up to settlers in these territories.P. 294+ & - Territory $100The US gained this state when it was ceded by Spain in 1819.P. 200+ & - Territory for $200California, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas and parts of Arizona and Colorado were all gained from this country as a result of war.P. 208+ & - Territory for $300The name of the piece of southern Arizona that was bought from Mexico as a railroad route.P. 114+ & - Territory for $400The era when Native Americans held the most territory.P. 348+ & - Territory for $500The reason Native Americans lost so much of their land after the Civil War.P. 348$200$400$600$800$1000$200$400$600$800$1000$200$400$600$800$1000$200$400$600$800$1000$200$400$600$800$1000North vs SouthVocab ReconstructionWritingsChanging TimesDouble JeopardyNorth vs South for $200The export of this crop was the main economic strength in the south.P. 256North vs South for $400One of the biggest differences between the north and south during the early 1800s was in terms of this.P. 260-261North vs South for $600The north was at a disadvantage at the start of the Civil War because it lacked this.P. 304North vs South for $800This resource became important for waging war for the first time during the Civil War.P. North vs South for $1000This area of the country had an advantage at the beginning of the war because of the number of mills and factories within its territory.P. 304-305Vocab for $200The act of freeing people from slavery.P.312Vocab for $400The act of withdrawing from an organization or alliance, such as the withdrawal of the southern states from the Union.P. 288Vocab for $600A dramatic change in the economy brought about by the rapid switch to the use of machines to do work formerly done by hand.P.257Vocab for $800Northerners who moved to the South after the Civil War looking to gain money and power.P.328Vocab for $1000A hand operated machine that cleaned seeds and other unwanted material from cotton and caused this crop to become the most important export in the south.P.312Reconstruction for $200Many of the laws passed during Reconstruction resulted in this--a social separation of people usually based on race.Ch. 23Reconstruction for $400The most famous of the terrorist groups that formed in the south during Reconstruction to prevent blacks from gaining political power. P. 330Reconstruction for $600Former slaves and whites who had been loyal to the US gained political power when this group was in charge of Reconstruction.P. 326Reconstruction for $800This amendment to the Constitution was passed to give former slaves full US citizenship and civil rights.P. 326Reconstruction for $1000A division of the government established after the war to help former slaves with food, jobs and medical care.P. 324Writing for $200The name of the main character in Harriet Beecher Stowes novel that focused attention on the issue of slavery.P. 292Writing for $400On January 1, 1863, President Lincoln issued this formal order that declared slaves in all Confederate states to be free.P. 312Writing for $600With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in. Lincoln used these words to describe his approach to Reconstruction when he gave this speech.P. 323Writing for $800In their ruling for this case, the US Supreme Court said that the Missouri Compromise was illegal and that slavery could extend into the territories.P. 296Writing for $1000The name given to a series of laws passed in the south during Reconstruction and aimed at limiting the rights of former slaves, supply workers for plantation owners and to maintain the social order of the pre-war south.P. 325Changing Times for $200The construction of these caused many settlers to move west following the Civil War.Ch. 24Changing Times for $400By 1850, railroads had become the cheapest and fastest way to move goods in this area of the nation.P. 260Changing Times for $600White southerners who did not own slaves still supported the slave system because it was so important to maintaining this aspect of their lives.P. 272Changing Times for $800Most of the disagreements over the Compromise of 1850 came from this part of the bill.P. 292Changing Times for $1000The election during this year (when Lincoln was first elected) showed how deeply divided the nation was over the issue of slavery.P. 299Daily Double!!Daily Double!!Daily Double!! Daily Double!!Final Jeopardy!Surrender!Final Jeopardy QuestionThe terms of surrender that were offered to the south at the end of the Civil War were designed to avoid this.P. 319***Land for growing cotton*Purchasing the Louisiana Territory*The Second Great Awakening*Manifest Destiny*Jobs in mills and factories*Harriet Beecher Stowe*The Mormons*Women*Abolitionists*Chinese*Education*Resist slavery*Joun Brown*Fort Sumter*Uncle Toms Cabin*The Missouri Compromise*Clear the land & farm it for 5 years*The Compromise of 1877*Jim Crow Laws*The Kansas Nebraska Act*Florida*Mexico*The Gadsden Purchase*Before the Civil War*Settlers moving west forced Natives from their lands**Cotton*Miles of railroad track*Effective military leadership*Railroads*The North*Emancipation*Secession*Industrial Revolution*Emancipation*Cotton gin*Segregation*The KKK (Klu Klux Klan)*Congress*The 14th Amendment*The Freedmans Bureau*Uncle Tom*The Emancipation Proclamation*Lincolns 2nd inaugural address*The Dred Scott decision*Black Codes*Railroads*The north*The economy*The Fugitive Slave Law*1860*Further suffering or hatred

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