7.1 reflexive verbs 7.1 los reflexivos reflexive verbs verbs used with reflexive pronouns

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  • Diapositiva 1
  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs 7.1 Los reflexivos Reflexive verbs Verbs used with reflexive pronouns
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs Object Pronouns: This lesson refers to reflexive verbs. However, it might be helpful to think of reflexive constructions as verbs that use reflexive pronouns. This is because many verbs can be used with or without reflexive pronouns. ReflexiveIndirectDirect me nosme nosmenos te osteosteos se seleleslo/lalos/las
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  • A reflexive verb is most commonly used to indicate that the subject does something to or for himself or herself. In other words, it reflects the action of the verb back to the subject. Reflexive verbs always use reflexive pronouns. (me, te, se, nos, os, se) SUBJECTREFLEXIVE VERB Joaqun se ducha por la maana. Joaqun showers (gets showered) in the morning.
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs ATENCIN! Except for se, reflexive pronouns have the same forms as direct and indirect object pronouns. Se is used for both singular and plural subjects there is no individual plural form. Pablo se lava. Ellos se lavan. The word ses does not exist!
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs In the dictionary, the pronoun se attached to an infinitive identifies the verb as reflexive, and often translates as oneself. (It can also be translated to get/to become) lavarse (to wash oneself) (to get washed) When a reflexive verb is conjugated, the reflexive pronoun agrees with the subject. Pronouns match up with the conjugated verb. me yo formnos nosotros form te t formos vosotros form se Ud., l, ella forms se Uds., ellos, ellas forms Me afeito. I shave myself. Te despiertas a las siete. You wake up at 7:00.
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs lavarse (to wash oneself) SINGULAR FORMS yo me lavo I wash (myself) t te lavas you wash (yourself) Ud. se lava you wash (yourself) l / ella se lava he/she washes (himself/herself) PLURAL FORMS nosotros/as nos lavamos we wash (ourselves) vosotros/as os lavis you wash (yourselves) Uds. se lavan you wash (yourselves) ellos / ellas se lavan they wash (themselves)
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs Unlike English, a number of verbs in Spanish can be reflexive or non-reflexive. If the verb acts upon the subject, the reflexive form is used. If the verb acts upon something other than the subject, the non-reflexive form is used. Compare these sentences. Lola lava los platos. Lola se lava la cara. Reflexive verbs sometimes have different meanings than their non-reflexive counterparts. For example, lavar means to wash, while lavarse means to wash oneself, to wash up, to get washed. COMPARE & CONTRAST
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs ATENCIN! When used with a reflexive verb, parts of the body or clothing are generally not referred to with possessives, but with the definite article (el, los, la, las) or with the indefinite article (un, una, unos, unas). La nia se quit los zapatos. Necesito cepillarme los dientes. El chico se pone una corbata.
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs NOTE: A reflexive pronoun can serve as a direct object pronoun or as an indirect object pronoun. Me lavo. I wash myself. (I get washed.) D.O.P. Me pongo la chaqueta. I put the jacket on me. D.O. I.O. pronoun In any case, the reflexive pronoun ALWAYS agrees with the subject of the conjugated verb.
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs To sit down sentarse To fall downcaerse To stand uplevantarse To shut upcallarse To get sickenfermarse To become happy alegrarse Verbs that end in up and down in English, are reflexive in Spanish. When English uses get or become with a verb, Spanish uses reflexive constructions. (Spanish does not literally translate the words up, down, get, become.)
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs Like object pronouns, reflexive pronouns generally appear before a conjugated verb. With infinitives and present participles, they may be placed before the conjugated verb or attached to the infinitive or present participle. Ellos se van a vestir. Ellos van a vestirse. They are going to get dressed. Nos estamos lavando las manos. Estamos lavndonos las manos. We are washing our hands.
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs ATENCIN! When a reflexive pronoun is attached to a present participle, an accent mark is added to maintain the original stress: baando bandose afeitandoafeitndose
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs Common reflexive verbs acordarse (de) (o:ue) to remember acostarse (o:ue) to go to bed afeitarse to shave baarse to bathe; to take a bath cepillarse to brush despedirse (de) (e:i) to say good-bye (to) despertarse (e:ie) to wake up dormirse (o:ue) to go to sleep; to fall asleep ducharse to shower; to take a shower
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs Common reflexive verbs enojarse (con) to get angry (with) irse to go away; to leave lavarse to wash (oneself) levantarse to get up llamarse to be called; to be named maquillarse to put on makeup peinarse to comb ones hair ponerse to put on ponerse (+ adj.) to become (+ adj.)
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs Common reflexive verbs preocuparse (por) to worry (about) probarse (o:ue) to try on quedarse to stay; to remain quitarse to take off secarse to dry (oneself) sentarse (e:ie) to sit down sentirse (e:ie) to feel vestirse (e:i) to get dressed
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs INTNTALO! Indica el presente de los verbos reflexivos que siguen. despertarse (e-ie in the present) 1.Mis hermanos ____ tarde. se despiertan 2. T ____ tarde. te despiertas 3. Nosotros ____ tarde. nos despertamos 4. Benito ____ tarde. se despierta 5. Yo ____ tarde. me despierto
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs 6. Ustedes ____ tarde. se despiertan 7. Ella ____ tarde. se despierta 8. Adriana y yo ____ tarde. nos despertamos 9. Ellos ____ tarde. se despiertan
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs ponerse 1.l ____ una chaqueta. se pone 2. Yo ____ una chaqueta. me pongo 3. Usted ____ una chaqueta. se pone 4. Nosotros ____ una chaqueta. nos ponemos INTNTALO! Indica el presente de los verbos reflexivos que siguen.
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  • 7.1 Reflexive verbs 5. Las nias ____ una chaqueta. se ponen 6.T ____ una chaqueta. te pones 7.El botones ____ una chaqueta. se pone 8. Beatriz y Gil ____ una chaqueta. se ponen 9. Ustedes ____ una chaqueta. se ponen

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