2016 august biomass magazine

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The Equipment Issue

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  • GREENGEARDry Sorbent Injection SystemsEasy to Operate, MaintainPage 12

    August 2016

    PLUS:Essential EquipmentFor In-House Pellet LabsPage 22

    AND:Machine ManufacturerShares Market ExperiencePage 44

    www.biomassmagazine.com

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  • AUGUST 2016 | BIOMASS MAGAZINE 3

    INSIDEAUGUST 2016 | VOLUME 10 | ISSUE 8

    Subscriptions Biomass Magazine is free of charge to everyone with the exception of a shipping and handling charge of $49.95 for anyone outside the United States. To subscribe, visit www.BiomassMagazine.com or you can send your mailing ad-dress and payment (checks made out to BBI International) to Biomass Magazine Subscriptions, 308 Second Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, ND 58203. You can also fax a subscription form to 701-746-5367. Back Issues & Reprints Select back issues are available for $3.95 each, plus shipping. Article reprints are also available for a fee. For more information, contact us at 701-746-8385 or service@bbiinternational.com. Advertising Biomass Magazine provides a specifi c topic de-livered to a highly targeted audience. We are committed to editorial excellence and high-quality print production. To fi nd out more about Biomass Magazine advertising opportunities, please contact us at 701-746-8385 or service@bbiinternational.com. Letters to the Editor We welcome letters to the editor. Send to Biomass Magazine Letters to the Managing Editor, 308 2nd Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, ND 58203 or email to asimet@bbiinternational.com. Please include your name, ad-dress and phone number. Letters may be edited for clarity and/or space.

    06 EDITORS NOTEEquipped to InnovateBy Tim Portz

    08 BUSINESS BRIEFS

    POWER 10 NEWS11 COLUMN

    California Biomass: Abundant Fuel Needs Policy SolutionBy Bob Cleaves

    12 FEATUREAcid Gas Control StrategiesDry sorbent injection systems and wet scrubbers are effective in helping biomass plants meet regulations.By Ron Kotrba

    16 FEATUREBiomass and BrexitStakeholders wonder how the United Kingdoms decision to exit the European Union will affect biomass energy.By Amanda Saint

    PELLETS 20 NEWS22 FEATURE

    Apparatus AdvantageWell-equipped, in-house pellet labs give mills a leg up in meeting specifi cations.By Katie Fletcher

    THERMAL 30 NEWS31 COLUMN

    Keeping ScoreBy David Spindler

    32 CONTRIBUTIONBaltic Rim Wood Fiber Supply and Demand The Baltic States have much of whats needed to capitalize on the energy chip export trade as it expands.By Tracy Leslie

    34 CONTRIBUTIONThe Intricacies of Pyrolyzer Furnace DesignMany key considerations can infl uence whether a pyrolyzer succeeds or fails.By Brad Waites, Pamela Buzzeta and Crystal Bleecher

    BIOGAS 38 NEWS 39 COLUMN

    Driving Growth in Driving GreenBy Marcus Gillette

    40 DEPARTMENTRegs and BaconNorth Carolinas renewable energy mandate is driving growth in swine waste-based energy.By Anna Simet

    ADVANCED BIOFUELS 42 NEWS 43 COLUMN

    Ancient Biology for Modern DecarbonizationBy Matt Carr

    44 FEATURESolving the Equipment EquationAGCOs Glenn Farris talks technology, markets and in-the-fi eld experience.By Anna Simet

    Biomass Magazine: (USPS No. 5336) August 2016, Vol. 10, Issue 8. Biomass Magazine is published monthly by BBI International. Principal Offi ce: 308 Second Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, ND 58203. Periodicals Postage Paid at Grand Forks, North Dakota and additional mailing offi ces. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Biomass Magazine/Subscriptions, 308 Second Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, North Dakota 58203.

    COPYRIGHT 2016 by BBI International

    TM

    Please recycle this magazine and remove inserts or samples before recycling

    ADVERTISER INDEX

    12

    2017 International Fuel Ethanol Workshop & Expo 282017 International Biomass Conference & Expo 29Andritz Feed & Biofuel A/S 10ASTEC Bulk Handling Solutions 45Astec, Inc. 2BRUKS Rockwood 37Christianson & Associates' Biofuels Financial Conference 47CPM Global Biomass Group 38D3 Max LLC 21Detroit Stoker Company 19EBM Manufacturing 8Elliott Group 4Hermann Sewerin GmbH 18Hurst Boiler & Welding Co. Inc. 36 IEP Technologies 24-25KEITH Manufacturing Company 7Laidig Systems, Inc. 20Mole Master Services Corporation 27Morbark, Inc. 15ProcessBarron 14Rawlings Waste Wood Recovery Systems 33SCHADE Lagertechnik GmbH 30 TerraSource Global (Jeffery Rader) 17Tramco, Inc. 9Vecoplan LLC 42Vermeer Corporation 5Williams Crusher 48Yargus Manufacturing, Inc. 26

  • Q Customer: Palm oil plantation, Southeast Asia.Q Challenge: Operate a critical stand-alone CHP system in a remote location.Q Result: A ruggged Elliott steam turbine generator package delivers reliable, cost-effective electricity and process steam.

    They turned to Elliottfor leadership and proven expertise.

    The customer turned to Elliott for more than 80 years of steam turbine experience. Tens of thousands of rugged, easy to maintain Elliott YR steam turbines are installed and operating throughout the world. Who will you turn to?

    C O M P R E S S O R S Q T U R B I N E S Q G L O B A L S E R V I C E www.elliott-turbo.com

    The world turns to Elliott.

  • 6 BIOMASS MAGAZINE | AUGUST 2016

    Equipped to Innovate

    In every issue of Biomass Magazine dedi-cated to equipment and equipment innovations, the men and women who put these machines to work jump off the page. This is the case in Se-nior Editor Ron Kotrbas very thorough page-12 story, Acid Gas Control Strategies, in which he leverages the decades of industry knowledge his

    sources possess to compare dry sorbent injection and wet scrubbing approaches. Kotrba connected with both Link Landers, CEO of PPC Industries, and Mitch Lund, a technical services engineer from Nol-Tec Systems, to outline when and why each system is deployed, and the advantages and optimal deployment of each technology. These technologies, while impressive in their own right, are merely extensions of the human minds that invent, deploy and optimize them. This is fortunate, because as Lund told Kotrba, The general trends in the industry show that as years pass, newer compounds are added to regulation laws and existing compounds come under tighter regulations. Lund and Landers helped Kotrba understand the connection between the emissions control technologies widely de-ployed today, and the policies that catalyzed their development.

    While Kotrbas story looks at mature technologies invented to comply with increased regulation, Managing Editor Anna Simets page-40 feature, Regs and Bacon, explores technology innovations in earlier stages of development, initiatives being spurred by North Carolinas renewable energy mandate. Simets piece investigates how a carve-out for swine waste-derived electricity in the state renewable portfolio standard is driving innovation within the biogas sector. Broad-ly speaking, anaerobic digestion (AD) is not a new technology. But if ambitious goals like the kind North Carolina has set are to be met, the AD of swine waste within existing hog production systems must be perfected. Swine waste offers its own challenges for designers of AD systems, and Simet learned that the market opportunity generated by this state-specific policy has motivated more than a few

    designers and builders to overcome the unique challenges inherent to this abun-dant feedstock.

    Policy drives innovation. The Clean Air Act gave rise to the control of acidic gases through dry sorbent injection and wet scrubbers, and North Carolinas swine waste carve-out may well yield a workable digestion approach for a feed-stock that, for a long time, technology developers avoided. This story is playing out all across the biomass sector, proving that this industrys most impressive machine is the one residing between our collective ears.

    TIM PORTZVICE PRESIDENT OF CONTENT & EXECUTIVE EDITORtportz@bbiinternational.com

    EDITORS NOTE

    EDITORIAL

    PRESIDENT & EDITOR IN CHIEFTom Bryan tbryan@bbiinternational.com

    VICE PRESIDENT OF CONTENT & EXECUTIVE EDITOR

    Tim Portz tportz@bbiinternational.com

    MANAGING EDITOR Anna Simet asimet@bbiinternational.com

    SENIOR EDITOR Ron Kotrba rkotrba@bbiinternational.com

    NEWS EDITORErin Voegele evoegele@bbiinternational.com

    ASSOCIATE EDITORKatie Fletcher kfletcher@bbiinternational.com

    COPY EDITOR Jan Tellmann jtellmann@bbiinternational.com

    ARTART DIRECTOR

    Jaci Satterlund jsatterlund@bbiinternational.com

    GRAPHIC DESIGNERRaquel Boushee rboushee@bbiinternational.com

    PUBLISHING & SALESCHAIRMAN

    Mike Bryan mbryan@bbiinternational.com

    CEOJoe Bryan jbryan@bbiinternational.com

    VICE PRESIDENT OF OPERATIONSMatthew Spoor mspoor@bbiinternational.com

    SALES & MARKETING DIRECTORJohn Nelson