2016 august biomass magazine
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DESCRIPTIONThe Equipment Issue
GREENGEARDry Sorbent Injection SystemsEasy to Operate, MaintainPage 12
PLUS:Essential EquipmentFor In-House Pellet LabsPage 22
AND:Machine ManufacturerShares Market ExperiencePage 44
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FINAL PELLET MILL MAG BKCOV.indd 1 4/25/14 11:40 AM
AUGUST 2016 | BIOMASS MAGAZINE 3
INSIDEAUGUST 2016 | VOLUME 10 | ISSUE 8
Subscriptions Biomass Magazine is free of charge to everyone with the exception of a shipping and handling charge of $49.95 for anyone outside the United States. To subscribe, visit www.BiomassMagazine.com or you can send your mailing ad-dress and payment (checks made out to BBI International) to Biomass Magazine Subscriptions, 308 Second Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, ND 58203. You can also fax a subscription form to 701-746-5367. Back Issues & Reprints Select back issues are available for $3.95 each, plus shipping. Article reprints are also available for a fee. For more information, contact us at 701-746-8385 or email@example.com. Advertising Biomass Magazine provides a specifi c topic de-livered to a highly targeted audience. We are committed to editorial excellence and high-quality print production. To fi nd out more about Biomass Magazine advertising opportunities, please contact us at 701-746-8385 or firstname.lastname@example.org. Letters to the Editor We welcome letters to the editor. Send to Biomass Magazine Letters to the Managing Editor, 308 2nd Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, ND 58203 or email to email@example.com. Please include your name, ad-dress and phone number. Letters may be edited for clarity and/or space.
06 EDITORS NOTEEquipped to InnovateBy Tim Portz
08 BUSINESS BRIEFS
POWER 10 NEWS11 COLUMN
California Biomass: Abundant Fuel Needs Policy SolutionBy Bob Cleaves
12 FEATUREAcid Gas Control StrategiesDry sorbent injection systems and wet scrubbers are effective in helping biomass plants meet regulations.By Ron Kotrba
16 FEATUREBiomass and BrexitStakeholders wonder how the United Kingdoms decision to exit the European Union will affect biomass energy.By Amanda Saint
PELLETS 20 NEWS22 FEATURE
Apparatus AdvantageWell-equipped, in-house pellet labs give mills a leg up in meeting specifi cations.By Katie Fletcher
THERMAL 30 NEWS31 COLUMN
Keeping ScoreBy David Spindler
32 CONTRIBUTIONBaltic Rim Wood Fiber Supply and Demand The Baltic States have much of whats needed to capitalize on the energy chip export trade as it expands.By Tracy Leslie
34 CONTRIBUTIONThe Intricacies of Pyrolyzer Furnace DesignMany key considerations can infl uence whether a pyrolyzer succeeds or fails.By Brad Waites, Pamela Buzzeta and Crystal Bleecher
BIOGAS 38 NEWS 39 COLUMN
Driving Growth in Driving GreenBy Marcus Gillette
40 DEPARTMENTRegs and BaconNorth Carolinas renewable energy mandate is driving growth in swine waste-based energy.By Anna Simet
ADVANCED BIOFUELS 42 NEWS 43 COLUMN
Ancient Biology for Modern DecarbonizationBy Matt Carr
44 FEATURESolving the Equipment EquationAGCOs Glenn Farris talks technology, markets and in-the-fi eld experience.By Anna Simet
Biomass Magazine: (USPS No. 5336) August 2016, Vol. 10, Issue 8. Biomass Magazine is published monthly by BBI International. Principal Offi ce: 308 Second Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, ND 58203. Periodicals Postage Paid at Grand Forks, North Dakota and additional mailing offi ces. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Biomass Magazine/Subscriptions, 308 Second Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, North Dakota 58203.
COPYRIGHT 2016 by BBI International
Please recycle this magazine and remove inserts or samples before recycling
2017 International Fuel Ethanol Workshop & Expo 282017 International Biomass Conference & Expo 29Andritz Feed & Biofuel A/S 10ASTEC Bulk Handling Solutions 45Astec, Inc. 2BRUKS Rockwood 37Christianson & Associates' Biofuels Financial Conference 47CPM Global Biomass Group 38D3 Max LLC 21Detroit Stoker Company 19EBM Manufacturing 8Elliott Group 4Hermann Sewerin GmbH 18Hurst Boiler & Welding Co. Inc. 36 IEP Technologies 24-25KEITH Manufacturing Company 7Laidig Systems, Inc. 20Mole Master Services Corporation 27Morbark, Inc. 15ProcessBarron 14Rawlings Waste Wood Recovery Systems 33SCHADE Lagertechnik GmbH 30 TerraSource Global (Jeffery Rader) 17Tramco, Inc. 9Vecoplan LLC 42Vermeer Corporation 5Williams Crusher 48Yargus Manufacturing, Inc. 26
Q Customer: Palm oil plantation, Southeast Asia.Q Challenge: Operate a critical stand-alone CHP system in a remote location.Q Result: A ruggged Elliott steam turbine generator package delivers reliable, cost-effective electricity and process steam.
They turned to Elliottfor leadership and proven expertise.
The customer turned to Elliott for more than 80 years of steam turbine experience. Tens of thousands of rugged, easy to maintain Elliott YR steam turbines are installed and operating throughout the world. Who will you turn to?
C O M P R E S S O R S Q T U R B I N E S Q G L O B A L S E R V I C E www.elliott-turbo.com
The world turns to Elliott.
6 BIOMASS MAGAZINE | AUGUST 2016
Equipped to Innovate
In every issue of Biomass Magazine dedi-cated to equipment and equipment innovations, the men and women who put these machines to work jump off the page. This is the case in Se-nior Editor Ron Kotrbas very thorough page-12 story, Acid Gas Control Strategies, in which he leverages the decades of industry knowledge his
sources possess to compare dry sorbent injection and wet scrubbing approaches. Kotrba connected with both Link Landers, CEO of PPC Industries, and Mitch Lund, a technical services engineer from Nol-Tec Systems, to outline when and why each system is deployed, and the advantages and optimal deployment of each technology. These technologies, while impressive in their own right, are merely extensions of the human minds that invent, deploy and optimize them. This is fortunate, because as Lund told Kotrba, The general trends in the industry show that as years pass, newer compounds are added to regulation laws and existing compounds come under tighter regulations. Lund and Landers helped Kotrba understand the connection between the emissions control technologies widely de-ployed today, and the policies that catalyzed their development.
While Kotrbas story looks at mature technologies invented to comply with increased regulation, Managing Editor Anna Simets page-40 feature, Regs and Bacon, explores technology innovations in earlier stages of development, initiatives being spurred by North Carolinas renewable energy mandate. Simets piece investigates how a carve-out for swine waste-derived electricity in the state renewable portfolio standard is driving innovation within the biogas sector. Broad-ly speaking, anaerobic digestion (AD) is not a new technology. But if ambitious goals like the kind North Carolina has set are to be met, the AD of swine waste within existing hog production systems must be perfected. Swine waste offers its own challenges for designers of AD systems, and Simet learned that the market opportunity generated by this state-specific policy has motivated more than a few
designers and builders to overcome the unique challenges inherent to this abun-dant feedstock.
Policy drives innovation. The Clean Air Act gave rise to the control of acidic gases through dry sorbent injection and wet scrubbers, and North Carolinas swine waste carve-out may well yield a workable digestion approach for a feed-stock that, for a long time, technology developers avoided. This story is playing out all across the biomass sector, proving that this industrys most impressive machine is the one residing between our collective ears.
TIM PORTZVICE PRESIDENT OF CONTENT & EXECUTIVE EDITORtportz@bbiinternational.com
PRESIDENT & EDITOR IN CHIEFTom Bryan firstname.lastname@example.org
VICE PRESIDENT OF CONTENT & EXECUTIVE EDITOR
Tim Portz email@example.com
MANAGING EDITOR Anna Simet firstname.lastname@example.org
SENIOR EDITOR Ron Kotrba email@example.com
NEWS EDITORErin Voegele firstname.lastname@example.org
ASSOCIATE EDITORKatie Fletcher email@example.com
COPY EDITOR Jan Tellmann firstname.lastname@example.org
Jaci Satterlund email@example.com
GRAPHIC DESIGNERRaquel Boushee firstname.lastname@example.org
PUBLISHING & SALESCHAIRMAN
Mike Bryan email@example.com
CEOJoe Bryan firstname.lastname@example.org
VICE PRESIDENT OF OPERATIONSMatthew Spoor email@example.com
SALES & MARKETING DIRECTORJohn Nelson