2014 ibrahim index of african governance: summary report

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  • 1. 2014IBRAHIM INDEXOF AFRICANGOVERNANCESUMMARY REPORT52.544.558.777.653.043.847.076.732.733.047.843.031.340.948.255.040.931.947.652.853.666.843.237.153.661.950.345.345.756.950.747.382.958.054.869.550.443.457.859.9MO IBRAHIM FOUNDATION52.544.558.777.653.043.847.076.732.733.047.843.031.340.948.255.040.931.947.652.853.666.843.237.153.661.950.345.345.756.950.747.382.958.054.869.550.443.457.859.952.544.558.777.653.043.847.076.732.733.047.843.031.340.948.255.040.931.947.652.853.666.843.237.153.661.950.345.345.756.950.747.382.958.054.869.550.443.457.859.952.544.558.777.653.043.847.076.732.733.047.843.031.340.948.255.040.931.947.652.853.666.843.237.153.661.950.345.345.756.950.747.382.958.054.869.550.443.457.859.988.570.550.567.547.052.767.866.862.392.242.013.177.464.358.253.783.361.559.655.152.544.558.777.653.043.847.076.732.733.047.843.031.340.948.255.040.931.947.652.888.570.550.567.547.052.767.866.862.392.242.013.177.464.358.253.783.361.559.655.152.544.558.777.653.043.847.076.732.733.047.843.031.340.948.255.040.931.947.652.888.570.550.567.547.052.767.866.862.392.242.013.177.464.358.253.783.361.559.655.152.544.558.777.653.043.847.076.732.733.047.843.031.340.948.255.040.931.947.652.865.149.349.735.465.851.852.725.576.348.557.281.347.847.857.180.736.333.755.950.240.248.858.871.556.445.553.763.966.574.046.746.763.958.450.773.250.056.250.647.765.149.349.735.465.851.852.725.576.348.557.281.347.847.857.180.736.333.755.950.240.248.858.871.556.445.553.763.966.574.046.746.763.958.450.773.250.056.250.647.765.149.349.735.465.851.852.725.576.348.557.281.347.847.857.180.736.333.755.950.240.248.858.871.556.445.553.763.966.574.046.746.763.958.450.773.250.056.250.647.754.237.648.064.534.733.027.438.528.343.051.560.836.528.253.042.958.454.433.528.352.052.339.140.346.346.450.646.179.764.450.663.643.142.264.038.454.867.241.842.354.237.648.064.534.733.027.438.528.343.051.560.836.528.253.042.958.454.433.528.352.052.339.140.346.346.450.646.179.764.450.663.643.142.264.038.454.867.241.842.354.237.648.064.534.733.027.438.528.343.051.560.836.528.253.042.958.454.433.528.352.052.339.140.346.346.450.646.179.764.450.663.643.142.264.038.454.867.241.842.325.621.736.547.835.768.145.938.550.769.156.030.542.861.353.447.076.736.360.370.857.437.744.666.967.667.653.411.573.130.161.339.456.956.360.131.247.941.049.967.525.621.736.547.835.768.145.938.550.769.156.030.542.861.353.447.076.736.360.370.857.437.744.666.967.667.653.411.573.130.161.339.456.956.360.131.247.941.049.967.525.621.736.547.835.768.145.938.550.769.156.030.542.861.353.447.076.736.360.370.857.437.744.666.967.667.653.411.573.130.161.339.456.956.360.131.247.941.049.967.561.075.048.038.071.350.856.945.866.056.059.635.444.745.661.788.956.440.246.580.124.936.058.044.324.538.854.850.845.132.447.356.853.670.846.834.747.667.855.537.361.075.048.038.071.350.856.945.866.056.059.635.444.745.661.788.956.440.246.580.124.936.058.044.324.538.854.850.845.132.447.356.853.670.846.834.747.667.855.537.361.075.048.038.071.350.856.945.866.056.059.635.444.745.661.788.956.440.246.580.124.936.058.044.324.538.854.850.845.132.447.356.853.670.846.834.747.667.855.537.361.075.048.038.071.350.856.945.866.056.059.635.444.745.661.788.956.440.246.580.124.936.058.044.324.538.854.850.845.132.447.356.853.670.846.834.747.667.855.537.343.963.848.248.486.860.757.876.354.341.054.767.459.273.255.044.969.859.558.454.758.054.566.029.741.242.865.972.953.449.736.481.735.029.150.038.832.333.127.936.843.963.848.248.486.860.757.876.354.341.054.767.459.273.255.044.969.859.558.454.758.054.566.029.741.242.865.972.953.449.736.481.735.029.150.038.832.333.127.936.843.963.848.248.486.860.757.876.354.341.054.767.459.273.255.044.969.859.558.454.758.054.566.029.741.242.865.972.953.449.736.481.735.029.150.038.832.333.127.936.8

2. 2014 Ibrahim Index of African Governance: Summary ReportPublished September 2014Copyright 2014 Mo Ibrahim FoundationThe Mo Ibrahim Foundation (MIF) is committed to making data on thequality of governance in Africa freely available and accessible to allcitizens of the continent and interested stakeholders. We welcome andencourage any accurate reproduction, translation and disseminationof this material. The material must be attributed to the Mo IbrahimFoundation, but not in any way that suggests that MIF endorses you oryour use of the material.To request additional copies of this or other publications, to providefeedback or to discuss use of the Ibrahim Index of African Governance(IIAG) please email info@moibrahimfoundation.org.For a list of any errors or omissions found subsequent to printing, pleasevisit www.moibrahimfoundation.org. 3. 2014 IIAG: SUMMARY REPORT1ForewordOverview: Ibrahim Index of AfricanGovernance (IIAG)Structure of the 2014 IIAGOverall Governance InsightsSafety & Rule of LawCategory InsightsSub-category InsightsParticipation & Human RightsCategory InsightsSub-category InsightsSustainable Economic OpportunityCategory InsightsSub-category InsightsHuman DevelopmentCategory InsightsSub-category InsightsSynthesis of the MethodologyData Sources & InstitutionsIndicatorsAbout the Mo Ibrahim FoundationIIAG ResourcesNotes23461012141618202224262729343536Contents 4. Foreword2Mo IbrahimFounder and Chair of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation (MIF)The 2014 Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) revealsdiscrepancies in governance performance between countriesand within the four conceptual categories. More than ever,these discrepancies call for an Afro-realist approach, whichtempers historical Afro-pessimism and current Afro-optimism.Anyone who wants a true grasp of African realities must rejectthe one-size-fits-all attitude which reduces the continentgeographically or governance conceptually, in favour of a moregranular approach. For this, the IIAG can be a very useful tool.Of course, we must welcome the fact that 13 out of the 52countries show wide-reaching gains, having improved inoverall governance and in the political, social and economicgovernance dimensions over the past five years. However,the dramatic deteriorations or underperformance of somecountries are a cause for concern. Over the past five years,every one of the top five ranking countries has deterioratedin at least one category, demonstrating that even the highestperformers need to remain vigilant and retain an on-goingcommitment to the governance agenda.My hope is that the 2014 IIAG will enable interested partiesto appreciate the complexity of Africa and to better identifyits potential and opportunities. I also believe that the IIAGprovides the impetus to strive for better governance. TheIIAG is a collaborative project and would not exist withoutthe expertise and insight of numerous individuals andinstitutions. My sincere thanks go to those organisations thatprovide robust data on Africa, a crucial tool for the continentstransformation. I thank too the IIAG Advisory Council and theMIF Research Team for their dedication and commitment. 5. 2014 IIAG: SUMMARY REPORT3Overview: Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG)The Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) provides an annual 2014 IIAG COUNTRY SCORES & RANKSassessment of the quality of governance in African countries. Compiled bycombining over 100 variables from more than 30 independent African andglobal sources, the IIAG is the most comprehensive collection of data onAfrican governance.The IIAG provides a framework for citizens, governments, institutions andthe private sector to assess accurately the delivery of public goods andservices, and policy outcomes, across the continent. The IIAG is both a toolto help determine and debate government performance and a decision-makingSCORE/10081.776.676.273.373.270.368.266.064.362.360.459.759.458.858.257.657.456.756.154.453.352.251.651.551.151.151.049.549.449.349.348.548.247.646.846.445.845.344.544.343.443.342.140.938.438.034.133.232.329.824.88.6RANK /521st2nd3rd4th5th6th7th8th9th10th11th12th13th14th15th16th17th18th19th20th21st22nd23rd24th25th26th27th28th29th30th31st32nd33rd34th35th36th37th38th39th40th41st42nd43rd44th45th46th47th48th49th50th51st52ndMauritiusCabo VerdeBotswanaSouth AfricaSeychellesNamibiaGhanaTunisiaSenegalLesothoRwandaSo Tom & PrncipeZambiaMoroccoTanzaniaMalawiKenyaBeninUgandaAlgeriaBurkina FasoMozambiqueGambiaSwazilandSierra LeoneEgyptGabonMaliNigerComorosLiberiaEthiopiaMadagascarCameroonDjiboutiTogoNigeriaBurundiMauritaniaCte dIvoireCongoGuineaLibyaAngolaEquatorial GuineaZimbabweDemocratic Republic of Congo (DRC)Guinea-BissauChadEritreaCentral African Republic (CAR)Somaliainstrument with which to govern.MIF defines governance as the provision of the political, social andeconomic goods that a citizen has the right to expect from his or her state,and that a state has the responsibility to deliver to its citizens. The IIAGassesses progress under four main conceptual categories: Safety & Ruleof Law, Participation & Human Rights, Sustainable Economic Opportunityand Human Development. These four pillars are supported by data thatcover a range of governance elements, from infrastructure and freedom ofexpression, to sanitation and property rights.The IIAG allows users to benchmark governance performance across anumber of dimensions at national, regional and continental level. Scoresand ranks are available for every year from 2000, enabling the analysisof trends over time. All of the underlying data used in the constructionof the IIAG are freely available and transparently published alongside acomprehensive methodology. These can be found atwww.moibrahimfoundation.org.The 2014 IIAG was calculated using data from 34 external sources,provided by 28 independent institutions. These sources provided 130variables which were aggregated into 95 indicators, 14 sub-categories, fourcategories and one overall measurement of governance performance.Slight annual refinements are made to the IIAG, which may bemethodological, or based on the inclusion or exclusion of indicators. Theentire IIAG data set is theref

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